Fullerenes became a new member of carbon allotropes in addition to diamond and graphite after the discovery of C60 (carbon 60) by Kroto et al. in 1985. The model of C60 was first proposed by Osawa in 1970. C60 is a hollow spherical molecule composed of 60 carbon atoms that contains 12 five-membered rings and 20 six-membered rings and has the same structure as a soccer ball. In 2001, C60 fullerene nanowhiskers (FNWs), which are single-crystal nanowhiskers solely composed of C60 molecules, were discovered in a colloidal solution of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) with added C60. This book focuses on the synthesis of FNWs, fullerene nanotubes, and fullerene nanosheets and describes the structural, mechanical, semiconducting, and thermal properties, as well as bio-related and solar applications of FNWs and related fullerene nanomaterials.
Table of Contents
Introduction to Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Growth, Structures, and Mechanical Properties of Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Growth Study of C60 Fullerene Nanowhiskers Synthesized by The Dynamic LLIP method
Preparation and Characterization of Fullerene Derivatives and Their Nanowhiskers
Shigeo Nakamura, Kun’ichi Miyazawa, and Tadahiko Mashino
Interactions of Fullerene C60 in Pyridine Solutions
Dorra Mahdaoui and Kun’ichi Miyazawa
Morphological Controls of Fullerene Nanowhiskers and Nanotubes
Cherry L. Ringor, Katherine M. Calamba, Chelo S. Pascua and Kun’ichi Miyazawa
Fabrication, Characterization, Hybridization, and Assembly of C60 Fine Crystals
Kazuki Umemoto, Keiji Shito, Masaki Takeda, and Akito Masuhara
In situ Transmission Electron Microscopy of Fullerene Nanowhiskers and Related Carbon Nanomaterials
Surface Nanocharacterization of Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Field Electron Emission from Heat-Treated C60 Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Superconducting Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Hiroyuki Takeya, Kun’ichi Miyazawa, Yoshihiko Takano
Magnetic Alignment of Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Guangzhe Piao, Fumiko Kimura, Tsunehisa Kimura
Interaction of Organic Molecules with Fullerenes and Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Bio-Related Applications of Fullerene Nanowhiskers and Related Assemblies: Cell Culture, Sensing and Supramolecular Differentiation
Lok Kumar Shrestha and Katsuhiko Ariga
Fullerene Hybrid Nanomaterials and Their Application in Photovoltaics
Takatsugu Wakahara and Kun’ichi Miyazawa
Electronics Device Application of Fullerene Nanowhiskers
Yuichi Ochiai and Nobuyuki Aoki
Kun’ichi Miyazawa received his D.E. from the University of Tokyo in 1987. He is engaged in the study of fullerene nanowhiskers and related fullerene nanomaterials as well as the characterization of fuel cell catalysts at the Tokyo University of Science.
Yuichi Ochiai received his D.S. from Tokyo University of Education in 1976. Since 1997, he is a professor at Chiba University, where he studies quantum transport nanomaterials, especially semiconductor-related carbon fullerene as an important near-future material.
Masaru Tachibana is a professor at Yokohama City University. He studies the synthesis of novel nanocarbons and their mechanical, electrical, and optical properties, as well as organic materials, including protein crystals.
Tokushi Kizuka received his D.E. from the University of Tokyo in 1991 and has developed in situ transmission electron microscopy to study the atomistic behavior and characteristics of nanocarbon materials.
Shigeo Nakamura received his Ph.D. from the University of Tokyo in 1994. Since 2011, he is engaged in the synthesis of fullerene derivatives with biological activities at Nippon Medical School.