1st Edition

Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs) Fabrication, Properties, Applications, and Advancements

    254 Pages 99 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The science and study of functionally graded materials (FGMs) have intrigued researchers over the last few decades. Their application has the capability to produce parts with unmatched properties which are virtually impossible to obtain via conventional material routes. This book addresses various FGM aspects and provides a relevant, high-quality, and comprehensive data source.


    The book covers trends, process classification on various bases, physical processes involved, structure, properties, applications, advantages, and limitations. Emerging trends in the field are discussed in detail and advancements are thoroughly reviewed and presented to broaden the spectrum of FGM applications.


    This reference book will be of interest to scholars, researchers, academicians, industry practitioners, government labs, libraries, and anyone interested in the area of materials engineering.

    1. Introduction to Functionally Graded Materials. 2. Fabrication Techniques of Functionally Graded Materials. 3. Liquid Phase Processing Techniques of Functionally Graded Materials. 4. Gaseous Phase Processing Techniques of Functionally Graded Materials. 5. Solid State Processing Techniques of Functionally Graded Materials. 6. Applications of Functionally Graded Materials. 7. Summary and Future Research Directions.


    Pulak M. Pandey is presently serving Indian Institute of Technology Delhi as a Professor in the department of Mechanical Engineering. His previous teaching assignment was at Harcourt Butler Technical University Kanpur, India. He has been awarded his Ph.D. degree from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. His areas of interest mainly include Additive Manufacturing/ 3D Printing and Tooling, CAD/CAM, Non-traditional Machining and Finishing, FEA of Manufacturing Processes and Biomedical application of 3D Printing. He is a recipient of numerous awards including but not limited to five Gandhiyan Young Technological Innovation Awards, Outstanding research award by Additive Manufacturing Society of India, J M Mahajan Award of outstanding faculty by Dept. of Mech. Engg, IIT Delhi, Outstanding Young Faculty Fellowship (IIT Delhi) sponsored by Kusuma Trust, Gibraltar, Highly Commended Paper Award by Rapid Prototyping Journal for the paper "Experimental investigations into the effect of delay time on part strength in Selective Laser Sintering", Certificate of Merit for achieving first position in B. Tech. Mechanical Engineering in Kanpur University, Merit Certificate for proficiency in Physics, Short listed for INAE Young Engineer award, numerous expert talks at International and National levels, etc. Dr. Pandey is in the editorial committee for many high indexed journals. He has Google scholar citations of around 6341, h-index of 39 and i-10 index of around 109. Dr. Pandey has around 250 publications in various international platforms of repute.

    Sandeep Rathee is currently serving the Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, India as an Assistant Professor. His previous assignment was as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT Delhi). He is the recipient of the prestigious National Post-Doctoral Fellowship by SERB (Govt. of India). Prior to this, he worked with Amity School of Engineering and Technology, Amity University Madhya Pradesh, India. He was awarded Ph.D. degree from Faculty of Technology, University of Delhi. His field of research mainly includes friction stir welding/processing, advanced materials, composites, additive manufacturing, advanced manufacturing processes, and characterization. He has authored over 60 publications in various international journals of repute and refereed international conferences. He has authored three books on "Additive manufacturing: fundamentals and advancements"; "friction based solid state additive manufacturing techniques" and "Functionally Graded Materials: Fabrication, Properties, Applications, and Advancements" with CRC press, Taylor & Francis group. He has a total teaching and research experience of around ten years. He has delivered invited lectures, chaired scientific sessions in several national and international conferences, STTPs, and QIP programs. He is a life member of the Additive Manufacturing Society of India (AMSI), and Vignana Bharti (VIBHA).

    Manu Srivastava is presently serving PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur, India. Her previous assignment was as a Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Director Research, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad, India. She has completed her Ph.D. in the field of additive manufacturing from University of Delhi. Her field of research is additive manufacturing, friction-based AM, friction stir processing, advanced materials, manufacturing practices and optimization techniques. She has around 70 publications in various technical platforms of repute. She has authored two books on additive manufacturing: fundamentals and advancements; friction based solid state additive manufacturing techniques with CRC press. She has a total experience of around 15 years in teaching. She has won several proficiency awards during the course of her career including merit awards, best teacher awards, etc. Following courses are taught by her at graduate and postgraduate level- Advanced materials, Robotics, Manufacturing Technology, Advanced Manufacturing Processes, Additive Manufacturing, Material Science, CAM, Operations Research, Optimization Techniques, Engineering Mechanics, Computer Graphics, etc. She is a life member of Additive Manufacturing Society of India (AMSI), Vignana Bharti (VIBHA), The Institution of Engineers (IEI India), Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE), Indian society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ISTAM) and Indian Institute of Forging (IIF).

    Prashant K. Jain is Associate Professor and Dean (Students) at PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing Jabalpur, India. He has over 25 years of research and teaching experience at UG and PG levels. He is graduated in Mechanical Engineering from Dr. H. S. Gour University Sagar in 1995 and did Master’s in Advanced Production Systems from Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (S.A.T.I.) Vidisha. He has received PhD Degree in the area of Rapid Prototyping/Additive Manufacturing, particularly on Part Strength studies in Selective Laser Sintering Process from Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, (IIT Delhi) in 2009.

    Dr. Prashant K. Jain was previously with Delhi Technological University Delhi (formerly known as Delhi College of Engineering) as lecturer in Mechanical Engineering Department. He has also served Indian Institute of Technology Delhi as project scientist and research associate where he was engaged in research work on error compensation in CNC machines and part quality improvement in Fused Deposition Modelling.

    He has more than 110 publications to his credit, published in International peer reviewed journals of repute, National and International conferences in India and abroad. He has guided Five PhD’s and 27 Master’s and several ongoing. He has been a resource person and delivered invited lectures, chaired scientific sessions in several National and International Conferences, STTP’s and QIP programs. His research interest extends from Geometric Modelling, CAD/CAM Integration, Incremental Sheet forming, Computational geometry, Rapid Prototyping & Tooling, Incremental sheet forming to Nano Technologies in Manufacturing.