Fundamentals of Corrosion : Mechanisms, Causes, and Preventative Methods book cover
1st Edition

Fundamentals of Corrosion
Mechanisms, Causes, and Preventative Methods

ISBN 9781420067705
Published September 22, 2009 by CRC Press
416 Pages 54 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Billions of dollars are spent annually for the replacement of corroded structures, machinery, and components. Premature failure of bridges or structures due to corrosion can also result in human injury, loss of life, and collateral damage.

Written by an authority in corrosion science, Fundamentals of Corrosion: Mechanisms, Causes, and Preventative Methods comprehensively describes the causes of corrosion—and the means to limit or prevent it. Engineers, designers, architects, and all those involved with the selection of construction materials will relish a reference that provides such a thorough yet basic illustration of the causes, prevention, and control of corrosion.

This reference explores:

  • Mechanisms and forms of corrosion
  • Methods of attack on plastic materials
  • Causes of failure in protective coatings, linings, and paints
  • Development of new alloys with corrosion-resistant properties

Exposure to the atmosphere is one of the largest problems and biggest causes of corrosion that engineers and designers face in construction. It has been further estimated that the cost of protection against atmospheric corrosion accounts for approximately half the total cost of all corrosion protection methods. This book places special emphasis on atmospheric exposure and presents vital information regarding the design of structures, automobiles, household plumbing, manufacturing equipment, and other entities, as well as the effects of de-icing chemicals on highways and bridges.

Table of Contents


Economic Losses

Indirect Losses

Conservation Losses

Nonmetallic Materials



Corrosion Mechanisms

Cell Potentials

Types of Local Cell Formations

Potential–pH Diagrams


Measuring Polarization

Other Factors Affecting Corrosion

Corrosion Rate Measurement


Forms of Metallic Corrosion

General (Uniform) Corrosion

Intergranular Corrosion

Galvanic Corrosion

Crevice Corrosion

Pitting Corrosion

Erosion Corrosion

Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)

Biological Corrosion

Selective Leaching

Hydrogen Damage

Liquid Metal Attack


Corrosion Fatigue

Filiform Corrosion


Atmospheric Corrosion

Atmospheric Types

Factors Affecting Atmospheric Corrosion

Mechanisms of Atmospheric Corrosion of Metals

Corrosion Products

Specific Atmospheric Corrodents


Resistance of Specific Metals and Alloys to Atmospheric Corrosion

Atmospheric Corrosion of Nonmetals


Corrosion of Polymer (Plastic) Materials




Thermoplasts (Thermoplastic Polymers)

Thermoset Polymers

Environmental Cracking


Corrosion of Linings

Liquid Applied Linings

Sheet Linings

Elastomeric Linings


Corrosion of Paint

Mechanisms of Protection

Composition of Paint

Causes of Bond and Coating Failures

Types of Corrosion under Organic Coatings

Stages of Corrosion

Surface Preparation

Application of Coatings

Maintenance of the Coating

Selecting a Paint System


Corrosion of Metallic Coatings

Corrosion Cell

EMF Control Protection by Noble Metals

Anodic Control Protection by Noble Metals

Cathodic Control by Sacrificial Metal Coatings

Mixed Control Protection

Eclipse Molding Framework (EMF) Control Protection


Cathodic Protection



Use with Coatings



Corrosion Inhibitors

Inhibitor Evaluation

Classification of Inhibitors

Inhibition in Acid Solution

Inhibition of Near-Neutral Solutions

Inhibition of Alkaline Solutions

Temporary Protection with Inhibitors

Inhibition of Localized Corrosion


The Equipment Design Process

Understanding the Application

Selecting Materials of Construction

Controlling Corrosion by Design



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