Fundamentals of Corrosion : Mechanisms, Causes, and Preventative Methods book cover
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Fundamentals of Corrosion
Mechanisms, Causes, and Preventative Methods




ISBN 9781420067705
Published September 22, 2009 by CRC Press
416 Pages 54 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Billions of dollars are spent annually for the replacement of corroded structures, machinery, and components. Premature failure of bridges or structures due to corrosion can also result in human injury, loss of life, and collateral damage.

Written by an authority in corrosion science, Fundamentals of Corrosion: Mechanisms, Causes, and Preventative Methods comprehensively describes the causes of corrosion—and the means to limit or prevent it. Engineers, designers, architects, and all those involved with the selection of construction materials will relish a reference that provides such a thorough yet basic illustration of the causes, prevention, and control of corrosion.

This reference explores:

  • Mechanisms and forms of corrosion
  • Methods of attack on plastic materials
  • Causes of failure in protective coatings, linings, and paints
  • Development of new alloys with corrosion-resistant properties

Exposure to the atmosphere is one of the largest problems and biggest causes of corrosion that engineers and designers face in construction. It has been further estimated that the cost of protection against atmospheric corrosion accounts for approximately half the total cost of all corrosion protection methods. This book places special emphasis on atmospheric exposure and presents vital information regarding the design of structures, automobiles, household plumbing, manufacturing equipment, and other entities, as well as the effects of de-icing chemicals on highways and bridges.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Economic Losses

Indirect Losses

Conservation Losses

Nonmetallic Materials

Summary

 

Corrosion Mechanisms

Cell Potentials

Types of Local Cell Formations

Potential–pH Diagrams

Polarization

Measuring Polarization

Other Factors Affecting Corrosion

Corrosion Rate Measurement

 

Forms of Metallic Corrosion

General (Uniform) Corrosion

Intergranular Corrosion

Galvanic Corrosion

Crevice Corrosion

Pitting Corrosion

Erosion Corrosion

Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)

Biological Corrosion

Selective Leaching

Hydrogen Damage

Liquid Metal Attack

Exfoliation

Corrosion Fatigue

Filiform Corrosion

 

Atmospheric Corrosion

Atmospheric Types

Factors Affecting Atmospheric Corrosion

Mechanisms of Atmospheric Corrosion of Metals

Corrosion Products

Specific Atmospheric Corrodents

Summary

Resistance of Specific Metals and Alloys to Atmospheric Corrosion

Atmospheric Corrosion of Nonmetals

 

Corrosion of Polymer (Plastic) Materials

Radiation

Permeation

Absorption

Thermoplasts (Thermoplastic Polymers)

Thermoset Polymers

Environmental Cracking

 

Corrosion of Linings

Liquid Applied Linings

Sheet Linings

Elastomeric Linings

 

Corrosion of Paint

Mechanisms of Protection

Composition of Paint

Causes of Bond and Coating Failures

Types of Corrosion under Organic Coatings

Stages of Corrosion

Surface Preparation

Application of Coatings

Maintenance of the Coating

Selecting a Paint System

 

Corrosion of Metallic Coatings

Corrosion Cell

EMF Control Protection by Noble Metals

Anodic Control Protection by Noble Metals

Cathodic Control by Sacrificial Metal Coatings

Mixed Control Protection

Eclipse Molding Framework (EMF) Control Protection

 

Cathodic Protection

Background

Theory

Use with Coatings

Economics

 

Corrosion Inhibitors

Inhibitor Evaluation

Classification of Inhibitors

Inhibition in Acid Solution

Inhibition of Near-Neutral Solutions

Inhibition of Alkaline Solutions

Temporary Protection with Inhibitors

Inhibition of Localized Corrosion

 

The Equipment Design Process

Understanding the Application

Selecting Materials of Construction

Controlling Corrosion by Design

 

Index

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