3rd Edition

Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering

By J. Kenneth Shultis, Richard E. Faw Copyright 2017

    Fundamentals of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Third Edition, presents the nuclear science concepts needed to understand and quantify the whole range of nuclear phenomena. Noted for its accessible level and approach, the Third Edition of this long-time bestselling textbook provides overviews of nuclear physics, nuclear power, medicine, propulsion, and radiation detection. Its flexible organization allows for use with Nuclear Engineering majors and those in other disciplines. The Third Edition features updated coverage of the newest nuclear reactor designs, fusion reactors, radiation health risks, and expanded discussion of basic reactor physics with added examples. A complete Solutions Manual and figure slides for classroom projection are available for instructors adopting the text.

    Fundamental Concepts

    Modern Units

    The Atom

    Chart of Nuclides

    Modern Physics Concepts

    The Special Theory of Relativity

    Radiation as Waves and Particles

    Quantum Mechanics

    Addendum 1: Derivation of Some Special Relativity Results

    Addendum 2: Solutions to Schrodinger’s Wave Equation

    Atomic/Nuclear Models

    Development of the Modern Atom Model

    Models of the Nucleus

    Nuclear Energetics

    Binding Energy

    Binding Energies of Isotopes

    Nucleon Separation Energy

    Nuclear Reactions

    Examples of Binary Nuclear Reactions

    Q-Value for a Reaction

    Conservation of Charge and Calculation of Q-Values

    Q-Value for Reactions Producing Excited Nuclei


    Radioactive Decay Diagrams

    Energetics of Radioactive Delay

    Characteristics of Radioactive Decay

    Decay Dynamics

    Naturally Occurring Radionuclides


    Radioactive Decay Data

    Binary Nuclear Reactions

    Types of Binary Reactions

    Kinematics of Binary Two-Product Nuclear Reactions

    Reaction Threshold Energy

    Applications of Binary Kinematics

    Reactions Involving Neutrons

    Characteristics of the Fission Reaction

    Fusion Reactions

    Radiation Interactions with Matter

    Attenuation of Neutral Particle Beams

    Calculation of Radiation Interaction Rates

    Photon Interactions

    Neutron Interactives

    Attenuation of Charged Particles

    Detection and Measurement of Radiation by Douglas S. McGregor

    Gas-Filled Detectors

    Scintillation Detectors

    Semiconductor Detectors

    Personal Dosimeters

    Other Interesting Detectors

    Measurement Theory

    Detection Equipment

    Radiation Doses and Hazard Assessment

    Historical Roots

    Dosimetric Quantities

    Doses from Ingested Radionuclides

    Natural Exposures for Humans

    Health Effects from Large Acute Doses

    Hereditary Effects

    Cancer Risks from Radiation Exposures

    Radon and Lung Cancer Risks

    Radiation Protection Standards

    Radiation Hormesis

    Principles of Nuclear Reactors

    Neutron Moderation

    Thermal Neutrons

    Thermal-Neutron Properties of Fuels

    The Neutron Life Cycle in a Thermal Reactor

    Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Cores


    Reactor Kinetics

    Reactivity Kinetics

    Reactivity Feedback

    Fission Product Poisons

    Addendum 1: The Diffusion Equation

    Addendum 2: Kinetic Model with Delayed Neutrons

    Addendum 3: Solution for a Step Reactivity Insertion

    Nuclear Power

    Nuclear Electric Power

    Generation II Pressurized Water Reactors

    Generation II Boiling Water Reactors

    Generation III Nuclear Reactor Designs

    Generation IV Nuclear Reactor Designs

    Other Advanced Reactor Concepts

    The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

    Nuclear Propulsion

    Fusion Rectors and Other Conversion Devices

    Fusion Reactors

    Magnetically Confined Fusion (MCF)

    Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF)

    Other Fusion Machines

    Thermoelectric Generators

    Nuclear Technology in Industry and Research

    Production in Radioisotopes

    Industrial and Research Uses of Radioisotopes and Radiation

    Tracer Applications

    Materials Affect Radiation

    Radiation Affects Materials

    Particle Accelerators

    Medical Applications of Nuclear Technology

    Diagnostic Imaging


    Diagnostic Radiotracers


    Radiation Therapy

    Appendix A Fundamental Atomic Data

    Appendix B Atomic Mass Table

    Appendix C Cross Sections and Related Data

    Appendix D Decay Characteristics of Selected Radionuclides



    J. Kenneth Shultis is a professor of Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering at Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas, where he holds the Black and Veatch Distinguished Professorship. Dr. Shultis received his BASC degree from the University of Toronto, and his MS and PhD degrees in Nuclear Science and Engineering from the University of Michigan. Prior to joining the faculty at Kansas State University he spent a year at the Mathematics Institute of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. He is the author of five books in the areas of radiation protection and nuclear science and engineering, a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, and recipient of the ASC’s Rockwell Lifetime Achievement Award.

    Richard E. Faw is an Emeritus Professor in the Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering department, Kansas State University, where he taught from 1962 to 2000. He received his PhD, in Chemical Engineering, from the University of Minnesota. Dr. Faw currently resides in North Carolina. He is also a Fellow of the American Nuclear Society, and recipient of their Rockwell Lifetime Achievement Award for the work he and Dr. Shultis have done in the field of radiation shielding.

    "This is a comprehensive introduction to nuclear science and engineering. It’s an ideal book for undergraduate students as a first course in nuclear engineering. The book is well written and the basics are well described for the students. The chapter problems are appropriate to the subject matter and give students good practice examples. This is a really good book for an introductory course on Nuclear Science and Engineering."
    — Chaitanya Deo, Georgia Institute of Technology

    "The biggest application of nuclear technology is the production of electricity with fission process, one commonly referred as nuclear engineering, which has become a cross-cutting disciplinary by itself. However, nuclear science covers a much broader areas and applications that is beyond the convention domain of nuclear engineering. There are very few books could cover all these topics so well such as this book that starts with fundamental atomic introduction and extends to almost all aspect of nuclear science and engineering topics. Highly recommended as introductory level book to college students and professionals."
    —L. Raymond Cao, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA

    "I have used the earlier editions of this book for a number of years and I plan to continue to use it, in the newer edition, this year and beyond.

    I have found this text to be the best for a solid sophomore/junior level nuclear engineering introductory course. In fact, there is much more content than can be covered in a semester, so I find it to be a good text to have on the shelf as a general reference."
    —Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar, Idaho State University, USA