Fundamentals of Polymer Science: An Introductory Text, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fundamentals of Polymer Science

An Introductory Text, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Michael M. Coleman, Paul C. Painter

CRC Press

496 pages

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Hardback: 9781566765596
pub: 1998-04-30
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Description

Now in its second edition, this widely used text provides a unique presentation of today's polymer science. It is both comprehensive and readable. The authors are leading educators in this field with extensive background in industrial and academic polymer research.

The text starts with a description of the types of microstructures found in polymer materials. This forms the basis of understanding some of the key features of the various mechanisms of homopolymerization and copolymerization that are discussed in following chapters. Also discussed in these chapters are the kinetics and statistics of polymerization with a separate chapter on the characterization of chain structure by spectroscopic methods.

The next part of the text deals with chain conformation, structure and morphology, leading to a discussion of crystallization, melting and glass transition. The discussion then moves from solid state to solution properties where solution thermodynamics is introduced. This provides the basis for discussion of the measurement of molecular weight by various solution methods.

The final chapter deals with mechanical and rheological properties, which are discussed from a phenomenological continuum approach and then in terms of a fundamental molecular perspective.

Altogether, the text provides a comprehensive, lucid introduction to today's polymer science as a foundation to the R&D of polymeric materials. More than 200 schematics and other figures illustrate key concepts and important aspects of polymeric materials. The text will be useful as an update for polymer and other materials scientists in industry, and as an introduction to engineers working with polymeric materials who would benefit from a better understanding of polymer science basics.

Reviews

"This is, quite simply, the best…textbook on polymer science I have ever read. Why such strong praise? Because the writing style is colloquial…and the whole book screams of the authors' tremendous enthusiasm for the subject…. The authors are clearly experienced teachers."

- Chemistry in Britain (The Royal Society of Chemistry)

"The topics covered are treated in considerable detail and generally with high credibility. [T]he writing style and format are quite accessible to the reader."

- Robert Burford, Department of Materials Science, University of NSW in Materials Australia

"The book is very strong on experimental techniques (especially spectroscopic techniques) for polymer characterization…. Recommended."

- Nicholas A. Peppas, School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University

"…deep and understandable view of specific aspects of the chemistry and physics of polymers."

- Revista de Plasticos Modernos (Journal of Modern Plastics)

Table of Contents

THE NATURE OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS

What Are Polymers - What Is Polymer Science?

Some Basic Definitions

Molecular Weight

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

Appendix: Chemical Structures of Some Common Polymers

POLYMER SYNTHESIS

Introduction

Step-Growth Polymerization

Chain or Addition Polymerization

Polymerization Processes

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

KINETICS OF STEP-GROWTH AND ADDITION POLYMERIZATION

Introduction

The Kinetics of Step-Growth Polymerization

Kinetics of Free Radical Polymerization

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

STATISTICS OF STEP-GROWTH POLYMERIZATIONS

Introduction

The Statistics of Linear Polycondensation

Molecular Weight Distributions in Linear Condensation Polymers

Multichain Condensation Polymers

Theory of Gelation

Random Branching without Network Formation

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

COPOLYMERIZATION

General Overview

The Copolymer Equation

Reactivity Ratios and Copolymer Composition

Copolymer Sequence Distribution and the Application of Probability Theory

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

SPECTROSCOPY AND THE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHAIN STRUCTURE

Introduction

Fundamentals of Spectroscopy

Basic Infrared Spectroscopy

Characterization of Polymers by Infrared Spectroscopy

Basic NMR Spectroscopy

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

STRUCTURE

Introduction

States of Matter and Bonding in Polymer Materials

The Conformations or Configurations of Polymer Chains

Random Walks, Random Flights and Disordered Polymer Chains

Polymer Morphology

Final Words - A Brief Comment on Size

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

CRYSTALLIZATION, MELTING AND THE GLASS TRANSITION

Overview and General Approach

Some Fundamentals

Crystallization and Melting: Some Equilibrium Considerations

The Kinetics of Polymer Crystallization

The Crystalline Melting Temperature

The Glass Transition Temperature

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

THERMODYNAMICS OF POLYMER SOLUTIONS AND BLENDS

Introduction

The Free Energy of Mixing

The Phase Behavior of Polymer Solutions and Blends

Dilute Solutions, Excluded Volume and the Theta Temperature

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

MOLECULAR WEIGHT AND BRANCHING

Introduction

Osmotic Pressure and the Determination of Number average Molecular Weight

Light Scattering and the Determination of Weight Average Molecular Weight

Solution Viscometry and the Viscosity Average Molecular Weight

Size Exclusion Chromatography

SEC and the Determination of Long Chain Branching

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

MECHANICAL AND RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES

Introduction and Overview

A Brief Review of Some Fundamentals

Deviations form Ideal Behavior

Introduction to Viscoelasticity

Mechanical and Theoretical Models of Viscoeleastic Behavior

Non-Linear Mechanical and Rheological Behavior

Ultimate Properties

Study Questions

Suggestions for Further Reading

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers