Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes: Physical, Chemical, and Biological, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes

Physical, Chemical, and Biological, 1st Edition

By David Hendricks

CRC Press

928 pages | 417 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2010-11-09
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Description

Carefully designed to balance coverage of theoretical and practical principles, Fundamentals of Water Treatment Unit Processes delineates the principles that support practice, using the unit processes approach as the organizing concept. The author covers principles common to any kind of water treatment, for example, drinking water, municipal wastewater, industrial water treatment, industrial waste water treatment, and hazardous wastes. Since technologies change but principles remain constant, the book identifies strands of theory rather than discusses the latest technologies, giving students a clear understanding of basic principles they can take forward in their studies.

Reviewing the historical development of the field and highlighting key concepts for each unit process, each chapter follows a general format that consists of process description, history, theory, practice, problems, references, and a glossary. This organizational style facilitates finding sections of immediate interest without having to page through an excessive amount of material.

Pedagogical Features

  • End-of-chapter glossaries provide a ready reference and add terms pertinent to topic but beyond the scope of the chapter
  • Sidebars sprinkled throughout the chapters present the lore and history of a topic, enlarging students’ perspective
  • Example problems emphasize tradeoffs and scenarios rather than single answers and involve spreadsheets
  • Reference material includes several appendices and a quick-reference spreadsheet
  • Solutions manual includes spreadsheets for problems
  • Supporting material is available for download

Understanding how the field arrived at its present state of the art places the technology in a more logical context and gives students a strong foundation in basic principles. This book does more than build technical proficiency, it adds insight and understanding to the broader aspects of water treatment unit processes.

Table of Contents

FOUNDATION

Water Treatment

Water Treatment

Organization of Water Treatment Knowledge

Unit Processes

Treatment Trains

Design

Summary

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Water Contaminants

Water Quality: Definitions

Federal Laws

Maturation of Water Quality Knowledge

Categorizations of Contaminant Species

Utility of Water Quality Data

Combinations of Quality of Source Waters and Product Waters

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 2.A: Organic Carbon as a Contaminant

Glossary

References

Models

Unit Processes

Models

Modeling Protocol

Units and Dimensions

Examples of Models

Summary

Problems

Glossary

References

Unit Process Principles

Unit Processes

Principles

Reactors

Kinetic Models

Problems

Glossary

References

PARTICULATE SEPARATIONS

Screening

Theory of Screening

Types of Screens

Bar Screens

Comminutors

Fine Screens

Microscreens

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Sedimentation

Key Notions in Design

Particle Settling

Settling Basins

Characterizing Suspensions

Flocculent Suspensions (Type II)

Hindered and Compression Settling (Type III and Type IV Suspensions)

Hydraulics of Settling Basins

Design Practice

Real Basins

Plate Settlers and Tube Settlers

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Grit Chambers

Grit

Horizontal Flow Grit Chambers

Aerated Grit Chambers

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Flotation

Development of Flotation

DAF System Description

Principles of DAF Flotation

Practice

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

MICROSCOPIC PARTICLES

Coagulation

Coagulation in a Nutshell

Particles in Ambient Waters

Chemistry

Double Layer Theory

Trivalent Metal Ions: Reactions with Water

Synthetic Aluminum Polymers

Zeta Potential, Charge Density, and Streaming Current Potential

Physical Models

Polymers

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Mixing

Definitions and Applications

History of Mixing

Theory of Mixing

Mixing Technologies

Summary

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Bibliography

Flocculation

Definitions

Applications

History

Theory of Flocculation

Design

Proprietary Technologies

Summary

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 11.A Derivation of Camp and Stein G for Three-Dimensional Cube

Glossary

References

Rapid Filtration

Description of Rapid Filtration

Development of Rapid Filtration

Theory

Design

Operation

Pilot Plants

Wastewater Filtration

Proprietary Equipment

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 12.A—Filtration in New York

Glossary

References

Slow Sand Filtration

Description

Slow Sand as a Process

Design

Pilot Plant Studies

Operation

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Cake Filtration

Description

Cake Filtration Process

Design

Operation

Pilot Plant Studies

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

MOLECULES AND IONS

Adsorption

Description

Adsorption Process Theory

Laboratory and Pilot Plant Studies

Design

Operation and Costs

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 15.A: Freundlich Isotherm Coefficients

Glossary

References

Further Readings

Ion-Exchange

Description

Ion-Exchange Theory

Design

Operation

Studies

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 16.A: Ion-Exchange Conversions

Glossary

References

Bibliography

Membrane Processes

Description

History

Theory

Design

Operation

Pilot Plants

Case

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Gas Transfer

Description

Gas Transfer Theory

Design

Case Studies

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 18.A: Onda Coefficients

Glossary

References

Disinfection

Fundamentals

History

Theory

Design

Operation

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Oxidation

Description

Oxidation Theory

Practice

Problems

Acknowledgments

Glossary

References

Further Reading

Precipitation

Description

Precipitation Theory

Practice

Problems

Acknowledgment

Glossary

References

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT

Biological Processes

Background

Cell Metabolism

Biological Treatment Overview

Cell Yield

Kinetics of Biological Reactions

Summary

Problems

Acknowledgments

Appendix 22.A: Proteins

Appendix 22.B: Michaelis–Menten Equation

Glossary

References

Biological Reactors

Biological Reactor Spectrum

Activated Sludge

Biofilm Reactors

Anaerobic Reactors

Summary

Problems

Appendix 23.A: Biofilm Reactor Model

Glossary

References

Pre Appendix Quick Reference Tables for Constants and Unit Conversions

Appendix A: International System of Units

Appendix B: Physical Constants and Physical Data

Appendix C: Miscellaneous Relations

Appendix D: Fluid Mechanics—Reviews of Selected Topics

Appendix E: Porous Media Hydraulics

Appendix F: Alum Data and Conversions

Appendix G: Dimensionless Numbers

Appendix H: Dissolved Gases

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply