1st Edition

Future of Sustainable Agriculture in Saline Environments

    541 Pages 140 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    541 Pages 140 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Food production on present and future saline soils deserves the world’s attention particularly because food security is a pressing issue, millions of hectares of degraded soils are available worldwide, freshwater is becoming increasingly scarce, and the global sea-level rise threatens food production in fertile coastal lowlands. Future of Sustainable Agriculture in Saline Environments aims to showcase the global potential of saline agriculture. The book covers the essential topics, such as policy and awareness, soil management, future crops, and genetic developments, all supplemented by case studies that show how this knowledge has been applied. It offers an overview of current research themes and practical cases focused on enhancing food production on saline lands.


    • Describes the critical role of the revitalization of salt-degraded lands in achieving sustainability in agriculture on a global scale
    • Discusses practical solutions toward using drylands and delta areas threatened by salinity for sustainable food production
    • Presents strategies for adaptation to climate change and sea-level rise through food production under saline conditions
    • Addresses the diverse aspects of crop salt tolerance and microbiological associations
    • Highlights the complex problem of salinity and waterlogging and safer management of poor-quality water, supplemented by case studies

    A PDF version of this book is available for free in Open Access at www.taylorfrancis.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

    Section I: Saline Agriculture: Global State of the Art and Strategies

    1. Saline Agriculture: A Call to Action

    Pier Vellinga, Atiq Rahman, Barbara Wolthuis, Edward G. Barrett-Lennard, Redouane Choukr-Allah, Theo Elzenga, Angelica Kaus, and Katarzyna Negacz

    2. Achieving Multiple Sustainable Development Goals through Saline Agriculture

    Katarzyna Negacz, Bas Bruning, and Pier Vellinga

    3. Agriculture in Salinising Landscapes in Southern Australia: Selected Research ‘Snapshots’

    Edward G. Barrett-Lennard and Hayley Norman

    4. Use and Management of Saline Water for Irrigation in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) Region

    Redouane Choukr-Allah

    5. Salinization Threats to Agriculture across the North Sea Region

    Iain Gould, Jeroen De Waegemaeker, Domna Tzemi, Isobel Wright, Simon Pearson, Eric Ruto, Leena Karrasch, Laurids Siig Christensen, Henrik Aronsson, Susanne Eich-Greatorex, Gary Bosworth, and Pier Vellinga

    6. Economic Impact of Soil Salinization and the Potential for Saline Agriculture

    Eric Ruto, Domna Tzemi, Iain Gould, and Gary Bosworth

    7. Cost or Benefit? Estimating the Global Economic Potential of Saline Agriculture

    Katarzyna Negacz and Pier Vellinga

    8. Challenges and Opportunities for Saline Agriculture in Coastal Bangladesh

    Atiq Rahman and Md. Nasir Uddin

    9. Innovations of the 21st Century in the Management of Iranian Salt-Affected Lands

    Zeinab Hazbavi and Mostafa Zabihi Silabi

    10 An Approach to Monitoring of Salt-Affected Croplands Using Remote Sensing Data: The Case Study in the Nukus District (Uzbekistan)

    Maria Konyushkova, Alexander Krenke, Gulchekhra Khasankhanova, Nizamatdin Mamutov, Victor Statov, Anna Kontoboytseva and Yevgenia Pankova

    11. From Desert Farm to Fork: Value Chain Development for Innovative Salicornia-Based Food Products in the United Arab Emirates

    Dionysia-Angeliki Lyra, Efstathios Lampakis, Mohamed Al Muhairi, Fatima Mohammed Bin Tarsh, Mohamed Abdel Hamyd Dawoud, Basem Al Khawaldeh, Meis Moukayed, Jacek Plewa, Luca Cobre, Ohod Saleh Al Masjedi, Khawla Mohammed Al Marzouqi, Hayatullah Ahmadzai, Mansoor Khamees Al Tamimi, and Wasel Abdelwahid Abou Dahr

    Section II: Biosaline Agriculture in Delta and Coastal Environments

    12. Saline Agriculture as a Way to Adapt to Sea Level Rise

    Pier Vellinga and Edward G. Barrett-Lennard

    13. Stakeholder Perspectives on the Issue of Salinization in Agriculture in the Netherlands

    Isa Camara Beauchampet

    14. Mitigating and Adapting Agriculture of Coastal Areas in the Netherlands Wadden Sea Region to Increasing Salinization: From a Vision towards a Practical Implementation

    Mindert de Vries, Jouke Velstra, Johan Medenblik, Joca Jansen, Linda Smit, Aaltje Rispens, and Gualbert Oude Essink

    15. Saline Farming in the Wadden Sea Region of the Netherlands: Promising Initiatives for Salt-Tolerant Crops and Saline Aquaculture

    Tine te Winkel, Jouke Velstra, Marc van Rijsselberghe, Klaas Laansma, and Titian Oterdoom

    16. Viability of the Saline Farming of Quinoa and Seed Potatoes in the Netherlands: An Assessment Supported by a Value Chain Analysis of Both Products

    Mare Anne de Wit, Pier Vellinga, and Katarzyna Negacz

    17. Dynamics of Soil Salinity in Denmark

    Laurids Siig Christensen

    18. Climate-Resilient Agricultural Practices in the Saline-Prone Areas of Bangladesh

    Muhammad Abdur Rahaman, Md. Sahadat Hossain, and Md. Iqbal Hossain

    19. Salinity Dynamics and Water Availability in Water Bodies over a Dry Season in the Ganges Delta: Implications for Cropping Systems Intensification

    Afrin Jahan Mila, Richard W. Bell, Edward G. Barrett- Lennard, and Enamul Kabir

    20. The International Farmers’ Café on Salinization and Saline Agriculture: A Test Case for Participatory Research on Saline Agriculture

    Jeroen De Waegemaeker and Elke Rogge

    21. Putting Saline Agriculture into Practice: A Case Study from Bangladesh

    Arjen De Vos, Andrés Parra González, and Bas Bruning

    22. Case Study – Stichting De Zilte Smaak: ‘Discovering Saline Farming Potential on Terschelling’

    Jacqueline Wijbenga and Stichting De Zilte Smaak

    Section III: Crop Salt Tolerance and Microbiological Associations

    23. Developments in Adaptation to Salinity at the Crop Level

    Theo Elzenga, Edward G. Barrett-Lennard, and Redouan Choukr-Allah

    24. Salt Effects on Plants: An Overview

    Živko Jovanović and Svetlana Radović

    25. Global Analysis of Differences in Plant Traits between Salt-Tolerant and Salt-Sensitive Plants

    Bas Bruning, William K. Cornwell, and Jelte Rozema

    26. Comparative Study on the Response of Several Tomato Rootstocks to Drought and Salinity Stresses

    Hirich Abdelaziz, Chakhchar Abdelghani, and Choukr-Allah Redouane

    27. Root Architecture and Productivity of Three Grass Species under Salt Stress

    Liping Wang, Junjie Yi, and Theo Elzenga

    28. Quinoa, a Promising Halophyte with Modified Planting Date, and Minimum Water and Pesticide Requirements for Fars Province, Iran

    Rezvan Talebnejad, Ali Reza Sepaskhah, and Maryam Bahrami

    29. Response of Quinoa to High Salinity under Arid Conditions

    Mohammad Shahid and Sumitha Thushar

    30. The Potential of Edible Halophytes as New Crops in Saline Agriculture: The Ice Plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) Case Study

    Giulia Atzori

    31. Salicornia Species: Current Status and Future Potential

    Tanmay Chaturvedi, Aslak H.C. Christiansen, Iwona Gołębiewska, and Mette H. Thomsen

    32. Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria as an Alternative Strategy for the Amelioration of Salt-Stress Effects in Plants

    Živko Jovanović and Svetlana Radović

    33 Tolerance to Environmental Stresses: Do Fungal Endophytes Mediate Plasticity in Solanum Dulcamara?

    Sasirekha Munikumar, Karaba N. Nataraja, and Theo Elzenga


    Katarzyna Negacz is a postdoctoral researcher at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and cooperates with Wadden Academy. For more than 12 years she has been involved in research and practice related to sustainable development. After completing her studies in economics and law, Professor Negacz earned a doctoral degree in environmental economics at the Warsaw School of Economics for her research on the evolution of green consumption in Taiwan. She conducted research in Switzerland, Poland, Spain, Taiwan, Germany, and the Netherlands. Her current research focuses on the potential of saline degraded lands for sustainable food production and transnational biodiversity governance.

    Pier Vellinga earned a PhD in coastal protection at Delft Technical University. He has a chair on climate change at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam since 1990. His teaching, research, and publications (about 200) focus on the implications of climate change regarding water, energy, and food. He joined Wageningen University in 2007 as a professor in climate change. Over the years he has fulfilled many different board positions in NGOs, research programs, and UN, EU, and governmental committees and financial institutions. For 30 years he has been advisor to the Venice Water Authorities on the protection of Venice and its lagoon, a work successfully completed in 2020.

    Edward Barrett-Lennard works in the Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development (DPIRD) of Western Australia, Murdoch University and The University of Western Australia. For more than 35 years Professor Barrett-Lennard has been a passionate researcher and advocate of the need to develop saline agricultural farming systems in response to landscape salinization and climate change. His interests lie at the intersection between practical agriculture, agronomy, soil science, and ecophysiology. He is the author/editor of four books, more than 70 papers, and numerous other publications. Professor Barrett-Lennard has worked in Australia (mostly), Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Iraq, and Vietnam.

    Redouane Choukr-Allah is a horticultural, soil, and water environmental expert with more than 35 years of experience in the use of saline water and the use of pretreated sewage in Horticulture. He earned a PhD in environment horticulture at the University of Minnesota, St. Paul, USA. He also served as a technical coordinator of a 12 million project, financed by USAID on the water resources sustainability in Morocco. He served as head of the Horticulture Department from 1983 to 1996 and as head of the salinity and plant nutrition laboratory since 1996. He served at ICBA as a senior fellow scientist in horticulture and a Section Head of Crop Diversification and Genetics. He has produced numerous publications, including edited books, research reports, articles in peer-reviewed international journals, and books in the field of nonconventional water.

    Theo Elzenga earned an MSc in biology at the University of Amsterdam and a PhD at Groningen on nutrient and CO2 acquisition by plants. After working as a postdoctoral student at Wageningen University and at the University of Washington in Seattle, he returned to Groningen, where he has held a chair in ecophysiology of plants since 2000. His teaching focuses on the adaptation and acclimation of plants to adverse conditions. He was Director of the Centre of Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, Director of the Graduate School of Ecology and Evolution, and Director of the Undergraduate School of the Faculty of Science and Engineering. He is on advisory panels on agricultural development and the safety of genetically engineered organisms.