Gangs and Youth Subcultures : International Explorations book cover
1st Edition

Gangs and Youth Subcultures
International Explorations

ISBN 9781138510296
Published February 5, 2018 by Routledge
354 Pages

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Book Description

Gangs are growing in many different social, economic, and political environments coupled with an alarming breakdown of public order. Failures to contain or reduce gang crime in European, Asian, South American, African, and North American cities may be symptoms of fundamental problems threatening the fabric of many societies. The spread of gangs to suburbia and remote locations is a palpable, worldwide threat. But despite nearly a century of scholarly inquiry into street gangs and youth subcultures, no single work systematically reflects on comparative international experiences with gangs.

Gangs and Youth Subcultures takes up this challenge.Kayleen Hazlehurst and Cameron Hazlehurst argue that theories of gang behavior in immigrant communities and the influence of transnational crime syndicates are better tested in more than one host society. Similar phenomena would be better understood if placed in a comparative context. To this purpose, the editors assembled expert scholars and policy advisers from North America, Europe, South Africa, and Australasia. Gangs and Youth Subculture lays the groundwork for an explanation of why gangs continue to grow in strength and influence, and why they have spread to remote locations.Kayleen Hazlehurst and Cameron Hazlehurst present new findings and innovative preventive strategies in a clear, concise fashion. No other work brings together experts on gangs and youth subcultures from so many countries. As such, this trailblazing book will interest scholars and teachers of criminology and sociology, justice system administrators, as well as law enforcement officers and youth workers internationally.

Table of Contents




1 Gangs in Cross-Cultural Perspective
Cameron Hazlehurst and Kayleen M. Hazlehurst

2 Post-Modernism and Youth Subcultures in Britain in the 1990s
Roger Burke and Ros Sunley

3 German Youth Subcultures: History, Typology
and Gender-Orientations
Joachim Kersten

4 Criminal Heirs—Organised Crime and Russia’s Youth
Paddy Rawlinson

North America
5 Vietnamese Youth Gangs in the Context of Multiple
Marginality and the Los Angeles Youth Gang Phenomenon
James Diego Vigil and Steve Chong Yun

6 Navajo Nation Gang Formation and Intervention Initiatives
Marianne O. Nielsen, James W. Zion, and Julie A. Hailer

7 Street Gangs and Criminal Business Organisations:
A Canadian Perspective
Robert M. Gordon

8 Masculinity and Violence: An Ethnographic Exploration
of the Bodgies, 1948-1958
Judith Bessant and Rob Watts

9 Media Depictions and Public Discourses
on Juvenile ‘Gangs’ in Melbourne, 1989-1991
Ian Warren and Megan Aumair

10 ‘Pulling the Teams out of the Dark Room’:
The Politicisation of the Mongrel Mob
Pahmi Winter

11 Urban Raskolism and Criminal Groups in Papua
New Guinea
Sinclair Dinnen

South Africa
12 Rituals, Rights, and Tradition: Rethinking Youth
Programs in South Africa
Don Pinnock with Mara Douglas-Hamilton


Editors and Contributors

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Cameron Hazlehurst is Honorary Professor in the Research School of Humanities and the Arts at The Australian National University. He was previously a Senior Fellow in the Institute of Advanced Studies at the Australian  National  University  and  a  research  fellow  at  The  Queen’s College and Nuffield College, Oxford.  He has held senior Commonwealth government  appointments  with  the  Departments  of  Urban  and  Regional Development, Communications,  and Community Services and Health.  He is  author or  editor  of  eight  books on twentieth  century British  and Australian politics  and history.

Kayleen M.  Hazlehurst is Senior Lecturer in Cross-Cultural  Studies in the School of Humanities,  Queensland University of Technology.  Trained in social anthropology at McGill and Toronto Universities (MA PhD), she has studied and worked with indigenous organisations and government agencies in Canada,  New Zealand,  and Australia.  Her recent publications  include Political Expression and Ethnicity (Praeger 1993), A Healing Place (CQUP1994),   and   edited   volumes   on Popular   Justice   and   Community Regeneration  (Praeger  1995), Legal  Pluralism  and  the  Colonial  Legacy (Avebury  1995),  and  Perceptions of Justice (Avebury 1995).   She  is  the editor of Crime and Justice: An Australian  Textbook in Criminology  (LBC1996).