Garibaldi’s Radical Legacy : Traditions of War Volunteering in Southern Europe (1861–1945) book cover
1st Edition

Garibaldi’s Radical Legacy
Traditions of War Volunteering in Southern Europe (1861–1945)

ISBN 9780367000592
Published November 30, 2020 by Routledge
208 Pages

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Book Description

Between the two world wars, thousands of European antifascists were pushed to act by the political circumstances of the time. In that context, the Spanish Civil War and the armed resistances during the Second World War involved particularly large numbers of transnational fighters. The need to fight fascism wherever it presented itself was undoubtedly the main motivation behind these fighters’ decision to mobilise. Despite all this, however, not enough attention has been paid to the fact that some of these volunteers felt they were the last exponents of a tradition of armed volunteering which, in their case, originated in the nineteenth century. The capacity of war volunteering to endure and persist over time has rarely been investigated in historiography. The aim of this book is to reconstruct the radical and transnational tradition of war volunteering connected to Giuseppe Garibaldi’s legacy in Southern Europe between the unification of Italy (1861) and the end of the Second World War (1945). This book seeks to provide a comprehensive analysis of the long-term, interconnected, and radical dimensions of the so called Garibaldinism.

Table of Contents


1. Fighting with Garibaldi: The First Red Shirt

2. Becoming Radicals

3. Greece, 1897: A New Generation of Red Shirts

4. Tradition Calls (Again): A Time of Crisis for Radical Garibaldinism

5. From Red Shirts to Black Shirts: Radical Garibaldinism Between the Two World Wars


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Enrico Acciai is Assistant Professor at the University of Rome "Tor Vergata", where he teaches global history.