1st Edition

Gas Turbines Modeling, Simulation, and Control Using Artificial Neural Networks

By Hamid Asgari, XiaoQi Chen Copyright 2016
    220 Pages
    by CRC Press

    206 Pages 24 Color & 125 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Gas Turbines Modeling, Simulation, and Control: Using Artificial Neural Networks provides new approaches and novel solutions to the modeling, simulation, and control of gas turbines (GTs) using artificial neural networks (ANNs). After delivering a brief introduction to GT performance and classification, the book:

    • Outlines important criteria to consider at the beginning of the GT modeling process, such as GT types and configurations, control system types and configurations, and modeling methods and objectives
    • Highlights research in the fields of white-box and black-box modeling, simulation, and control of GTs, exploring models of low-power GTs, industrial power plant gas turbines (IPGTs), and aero GTs
    • Discusses the structure of ANNs and the ANN-based model-building process, including system analysis, data acquisition and preparation, network architecture, and network training and validation
    • Presents a noteworthy ANN-based methodology for offline system identification of GTs, complete with validated models using both simulated and real operational data
    • Covers the modeling of GT transient behavior and start-up operation, and the design of proportional-integral-derivative (PID) and neural network-based controllers

    Gas Turbines Modeling, Simulation, and Control: Using Artificial Neural Networks not only offers a comprehensive review of the state of the art of gas turbine modeling and intelligent techniques, but also demonstrates how artificial intelligence can be used to solve complicated industrial problems, specifically in the area of GTs.

    Introduction to Modeling of Gas Turbines
    GT Performance
    GT Classification
    Considerations in GT Modeling
    Problems and Limitations
    Objectives and Scope

    White-Box Modeling, Simulation, and Control of GTs
    White-Box Modeling and Simulation of GTs
    White-Box Approach in Control System Design
    Final Statement

    Black-Box Modeling, Simulation, and Control of GTs
    Black-Box Modeling and Simulation of GTs
    Black-Box Approach in Control System Design
    Final Statement

    ANN-Based System Identification for Industrial Systems
    Artificial Neural Network (ANN)
    The Model of an Artificial Neuron
    ANN-Based Model Building Procedure
    ANN Applications to Industrial Systems
    ANN Limitations

    Modeling and Simulation of a Single-Shaft GT
    GT Simulink Model
    ANN-Based System Identification
    Model Selection Process

    Modeling and Simulation of Dynamic Behavior of an IPGT
    GT Specifications
    Data Acquisition and Preparation
    Physics-Based Model of IPGT by Using Simulink: MATLAB
    NARX Model of IPGT
    Comparison of Physics-Based and NARX Models

    Modeling and Simulation of the Start-Up Operation of an IPGT by Using NARX Models
    GT Start-Up
    Data Acquisition and Preparation
    GT Start-Up Modeling by Using NARX Models

    Design of Neural Network-Based Controllers for GTs
    GT Control System
    Model Predictive Controller
    Feedback Linearization Controller (NARMA-L2)
    PID Controller
    Comparison of Controllers Performance
    NMP Systems


    Hamid Asgari received his Ph.D in mechanical engineering from the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand in 2014. He obtained his ME in aerospace engineering from Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, and his BE in mechanical engineering from Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran. He has worked more than 15 years in his professional field as a lead mechanical engineer and project coordinator in highly prestigious industrial companies. During his professional experience, he has been a key member of engineering teams in design, research and development, and maintenance planning departments. He has invaluable theoretical and hands-on experience in technical support, design, and maintenance of a variety of mechanical equipment and rotating machinery, such as gas turbines, pumps, and compressors, in large-scale projects in power plants and in the oil and gas industry.

    XiaoQi Chen is a professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. After obtaining his BE in 1984 from South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, he received the China-UK Technical Co-Operation Award for his MS study in the Department of Materials Technology at Brunel University, London, UK (1985–1986) and his Ph.D study in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics at the University of Liverpool, UK (1986–1989). He has been a senior scientist at the Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (1992–2006) and a recipient of the Singapore National Technology Award (1999). His research interests include mechatronic systems, mobile robotics, assistive devices, and manufacturing automation. He has been elected to Fellow of IPENZ and Fellow of SME.

    "… specifically deals with modeling gas turbine behavior under unsteady conditions. This topic is rarely addressed in detail in current technical literature. The selected approach covers both physics-based and black-box models. The approaches are compared and the respective strong/weak points are highlighted. The book is written under a user perspective and provides several examples of applications of the proposed methodologies."
    —Prof. Mauro Venturini, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Italy

    "… offers a mechatronics approach for gas turbines through a complete cycle of modeling, simulation/analysis, and control designs. This book is helpful for mechatronics engineers and graduate researchers."
    —Yangquan Chen, University of California, Merced, USA

    "… very helpful for students in areas such as mechanics, mechatronics, control, and automation. … a very good book."
    —De Xu, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing