Gasification Technologies: A Primer for Engineers and Scientists, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Gasification Technologies

A Primer for Engineers and Scientists, 1st Edition

By John Rezaiyan, Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff

CRC Press

360 pages | 40 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2005-04-08
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Description

In contrast to traditional combustion, gasification technologies offer the potential for converting coal and low or negative-value feedstocks, such as petroleum coke and various waste materials into usable energy sources or chemicals. With a growing number of companies operating and marketing systems based on gasification concepts worldwide, this book combines the latest information and real-world experience in developing gasification technologies.

Gasification Technologies: A Primer for Engineers and Scientists discusses gasification techniques and the benefits of each technology, including gas clean-up technologies and those used in hybrid systems and fuel cells. It also accounts for the primary products that are recovered and explains how these products are purified and can be used as fuel or for applications in petrochemical processes. The book describes the conditions in which optimal value intermediate products can be recovered, focusing on key factors such as oxygen or air blown reactor, operating temperature, internal and external heating, and reactor design. The authors also establish how gasification can help meet renewable energy targets, address concerns about global warming, and contribute to a better carbon management or achieving Kyoto Protocol commitments.

Gasification Technologies provide a multidimensional and well-rounded examination of current technology, research, applications, and development challenges for the commercialization of this increasingly popular technology.

Reviews

“In this book, the authors discuss (in my opinion extremely thoroughly) gasification techniques that can be carried out in one of many different reactor configurations such as: fixed be; fluid be; bubbling, circulating, entrained win bed; moving bed; rotary kiln; and cyclonic. Each technology is discussed to provide the reader with a working knowledge of the process as well as a view of each system’s advantages and disadvantages. … the whole book is resplendent with cost data and analysis of the operation and advantages of the system reviewed. …”

— Gary F. Bennett, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, The University of Toledo, United States, in Journal of Hazardous Materials, Nos. 205-208, 2006

Table of Contents

Preface

About the Authors

PRINCIPLES OF GASIFICATION

Introduction

Historical Perspective and Commercialization Trends

Gasification Principles

Gasification vs. Combustion

Stoichiometries and Thermodynamics

Gasification Kinetics

Biomass Gasification

Petroleum Coke Gasification

COAL GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES

Introduction

Coal Gasification

Gasifier Configurations

Entrained Flow Technologies

Fluidized Bed Technologies

Moving Bed Technologies

Technology Suppliers

Syngas Characteristics

Gas Clean-Up Systems

Technology Suppliers for Particulate Removal

Comparison Between Technologies

Guide to Commercial Experience

BIOGASIFICATION

Introduction

Overview

Technology Advantages

General Applications

Commercial Systems

Contaminants

Formation of Tars

Ammonia Formation

NOx Formation

Sulfur

Hydrogen Production from Biomass

Recommended Resources

PYROLYSIS

Introduction

Pyrolysis Principles

Applications

GAS CLEANUP TECHNOLOGIES

Introduction

Overview of Particulate Removal Technologies

Particulate Collection Technologies

Gas Conditioning Technologies

Activated Carbon and Other Adsorber Systems   

Thermal Destructive Technologies

Recommended Resources

INTEGRATION OF GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES

Introduction

Role of Coal Gasification

Gas Turbine Technologies

Fuel Cell Technology Development Status

Hybrid Systems

Fuel Cell Technology and System Integration

Gasification Technology Deployment and System Integration Issues

Fuel Cell Technology Deployment

Recommended Resources

INDEX

About the Series

Chemical Industries

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General