1st Edition

Gasification Technologies
A Primer for Engineers and Scientists




ISBN 9780824722470
Published April 8, 2005 by CRC Press
360 Pages 40 B/W Illustrations

USD $210.00

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Book Description

In contrast to traditional combustion, gasification technologies offer the potential for converting coal and low or negative-value feedstocks, such as petroleum coke and various waste materials into usable energy sources or chemicals. With a growing number of companies operating and marketing systems based on gasification concepts worldwide, this book combines the latest information and real-world experience in developing gasification technologies.

Gasification Technologies: A Primer for Engineers and Scientists discusses gasification techniques and the benefits of each technology, including gas clean-up technologies and those used in hybrid systems and fuel cells. It also accounts for the primary products that are recovered and explains how these products are purified and can be used as fuel or for applications in petrochemical processes. The book describes the conditions in which optimal value intermediate products can be recovered, focusing on key factors such as oxygen or air blown reactor, operating temperature, internal and external heating, and reactor design. The authors also establish how gasification can help meet renewable energy targets, address concerns about global warming, and contribute to a better carbon management or achieving Kyoto Protocol commitments.

Gasification Technologies provide a multidimensional and well-rounded examination of current technology, research, applications, and development challenges for the commercialization of this increasingly popular technology.

Table of Contents

Preface
About the Authors

PRINCIPLES OF GASIFICATION


Introduction
Historical Perspective and Commercialization Trends
Gasification Principles
Gasification vs. Combustion
Stoichiometries and Thermodynamics
Gasification Kinetics
Biomass Gasification
Petroleum Coke Gasification

COAL GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES


Introduction
Coal Gasification
Gasifier Configurations
Entrained Flow Technologies
Fluidized Bed Technologies
Moving Bed Technologies
Technology Suppliers
Syngas Characteristics
Gas Clean-Up Systems
Technology Suppliers for Particulate Removal
Comparison Between Technologies
Guide to Commercial Experience

BIOGASIFICATION


Introduction
Overview
Technology Advantages
General Applications
Commercial Systems
Contaminants
Formation of Tars
Ammonia Formation
NOx Formation
Sulfur
Hydrogen Production from Biomass
Recommended Resources

PYROLYSIS


Introduction
Pyrolysis Principles
Applications

GAS CLEANUP TECHNOLOGIES


Introduction
Overview of Particulate Removal Technologies
Particulate Collection Technologies
Gas Conditioning Technologies
Activated Carbon and Other Adsorber Systems   
Thermal Destructive Technologies
Recommended Resources

INTEGRATION OF GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGIES


Introduction
Role of Coal Gasification
Gas Turbine Technologies
Fuel Cell Technology Development Status
Hybrid Systems
Fuel Cell Technology and System Integration
Gasification Technology Deployment and System Integration Issues
Fuel Cell Technology Deployment
Recommended Resources
INDEX

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Reviews

“In this book, the authors discuss (in my opinion extremely thoroughly) gasification techniques that can be carried out in one of many different reactor configurations such as: fixed be; fluid be; bubbling, circulating, entrained win bed; moving bed; rotary kiln; and cyclonic. Each technology is discussed to provide the reader with a working knowledge of the process as well as a view of each system’s advantages and disadvantages. … the whole book is resplendent with cost data and analysis of the operation and advantages of the system reviewed. …”
— Gary F. Bennett, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, The University of Toledo, United States, in Journal of Hazardous Materials, Nos. 205-208, 2006