Gated Communities provides a historic, socio-political and contemporary cultural perspective of gated communities. In doing so it offers a different lens through which to view the historical vernacular background of this now global phenomenon. The book presents a collection of new writing on the issue by an international and interdisciplinary group of contributors. The authors review current thinking on gated communities and consider the sustainability issues that these contemporary 'lifestyle' communities raise. The authors argue that there are links that can be drawn between the historic gated homesteads and cities, found in much of the world, and today's Western-style secure complexes. Global examples of gated communities, and their historical context, are presented throughout the book. The authors also comment on how sustainability issues have impacted on these communities. The book concludes by considering how the historic measures up with the contemporary in terms of sustainability function, and aesthetic.
Table of Contents
Foreword. Urban Gating: One Instance of a Larger Development? 1. Gated Histories: An Introduction to Themes and Concepts 2. Reflection Opening the Gates: An East-West Transmodern Discourse? 3. Gated Urban Life versus Kinship and Social Solidarity in the Middle East 4. Gating Urban Spaces in China: Inclusion, Exclusion and Government 5. Lagos: 'Urban Gating' as the Default Condition 6. Gated Minds, Gated Places: The Impact and Meaning of Hard Boundaries South Africa 7. Latin American Gated Communities: The Latest Symbol of Historic Segregation 8. Gated Communities in Mexico City: A Historical Perspective 9. Production and Social Sustainability of Private Enclaves in Suburban Landscapes: French and US Long-term Emergence of Gated Communities and Private Streets 10. Barriers and Boundaries: An Exploration of Gatedness in New Zealand 11. Afterword
Samer Bagaeen (FRICS, MRTPI) is Principal Lecturer in Town Planning and leads the University of Brighton Planning School. He is visiting professor of real estate management in Lima, Peru. As the Old City’s Master Plan Coordinator, Samer lived in the Old City of Jerusalem where the traditional concepts of controlled access, community ownership and private space predate the contemporary gated enclave. Samer currently lives in a gated mews in Brighton, England, but remains a keen community activist.
Ola Uduku works at the School of Architecture at the Edinburgh College of Art. Her research interests include Investigating social infrastructure provision for minority communities in urban areas, Modern movement Architecture in West, Africa, and the effect of Gated communities on existing and future urban form in Global cities. She has lived in urban Lagos and Johannesburg, both known for their high levels of 'security-gating', and currently lives in a gated Mews development in Edinburgh, near the gates to the city's original walls.
'An excellent comparative study and much needed synthesis.' Anna Minton, writer and journalist, author of Ground Control (2009)
'Accessible and incredibly informative ... recommended to all those with an interest in developing a better understanding of gated communities.' Housing Studies
'Wide-ranging in case studies and its contributors' politics, this important collection reflects on one of the most critical debates now facing our urbanising world - how will we respond to the growing consumption of a fortified lifestyle by the urban affluent?' Rowland Atkinson, University of York, UK
'This book is a stimulating addition to a growing body of literature that investigates the global emergence of gated communities. Its distinctive contribution is to emphasise historical roots and continuities - in contrast to many commentaries on the subject that imply a uniformity of product and process. This is particularly important as we approach an economic era in which tried and tested explanations of 'gating' will be challenged. Gating, or more precisely, contractual neighbourhood government, will be one of the biggest challenges of twenty-first century urbanism. It offers new ways to manage long standing civic goods supply problems but it raises new equity and city-wide efficiency problems. These issues are not uniform; and understanding the history and culture of gating in specific contexts is the starting point for compelling analysis and wise counsel.' Chris Webster, Cardiff University, UK
'By focusing on the historical and cross cultural foundations of gated communities, this volume adds a global dimension to US based theorizing of urban gating as a sustainable community design form. Including academics, planners and sustainability activists the authors explore both sides of the gating question and offer alternative readings of the importance of codes, legal governance and community access in contemporary urban planning.' Setha Low, Professor of Anthropology, Geography, Environmental Psychology and Women's Studies at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York
'This collection of articles differs from the mainstream literature on gated communities, owing to its ambitious geographic coverage, long term historic timeframe, and authors from the countries where the case studies have been selected.' Urban Design, Issue 115, 2010