The literature on gender and professions shows that professional careers continue to be impacted by gender – albeit with important differences among professions and countries. Much less researched is the issue of the significance of gender and age-cohort or generation to professional work.
Gender, Age and Inequality in the Professions explores men’s and women’s experiences of professional work and careers through an intersectional lens by focusing on the intersection of gender and age. The chapters explore different professions – including Medicine, Nursing, Law, Academia, Information Technology and Engineering – in different Western countries, in the present and over time. Through original research, and critical re-analysis of existing research, each of the chapters explores the significance of gender and age-cohort or generation to professional work, with particular attention to professionals just entering professional careers, those building professional careers, and comparisons of men and women in professions across generational cohorts.
The book contributes to literature on inequalities in the professions by demonstrating the ways in which gender and age converge to confer privilege and produce disadvantage, and the ways in which gender inequality is reproduced, and disrupted, through the activities of professionals on the job. The book constitutes a departure point for future research in terms of theoretical perspectives and empirical findings on how gendered and age-related processes are produced and reproduced in particular organisational, professional and socio-cultural contexts. To enhance generational understanding, relationships and collaboration in educational institutions, organisations and professions, the book ends with a section on policy recommendations for educators, professionals, professional organisations as well as policy- and decision-makers. This book will also appeal to students and researchers in the fields of Sociology, Gender Studies, Organisational and Management Studies, Law, Medicine, Engineering and Information Technology as well as related disciplines.
1 Introduction: Themes, Objectives and Theoretical Perspectives
Marta Choroszewicz and Tracey L. Adams
SECTION 1: HEALTH PROFESSIONS
2 Early-Career Doctors and In/Justice in Work: The Invisibility of Gender in a ‘Male’ Profession
Antero Olakivi and Sirpa Wrede
3 ‘Not that many female med students want to pursue surgery’: Gender, Ethnicity and the Life Course in Medical Students’ Specialty Choices
Tracey L. Adams and Eugena Kwon
4 Intergenerational Dynamics among Women and Men in Nursing
Marci D. Cottingham and Janette S. Dill
5 ‘Male’ficence or ‘Miss’understandings? Exploring the Relationship Between Gender, Young Healthcare Professionals, Social Media, and Professionalism.
SECTION 2: THE LEGAL PROFESSIONS
6 Launching Careers in Law: Entry to First Jobs after Law School
7 Do Gender Regimes Matter?: Converging and Diverging Career Prospects among Young French and Swiss Lawyers
Isabel Boni-Le Goff, Nicky Le Feuvre, Grégoire Mallard, Eléonore Lépinard & Sandrine Morel
8 A Life Course Approach to Workplace Discrimination and Employment: Evidence from a U.S. National Sample of Women and Men Lawyers
9 Fathers in Private Law Practice in Finland: Reconciling Work and Family Life for Male Lawyers from Different Generations
SECTION 3: FURTHER PROFESSIONS
10 40 Years of Gender Inequality among Men and Women in High-Prestige occupations–Does the Story Differ among the Young?
Charlotta Magnusson and Magnus Nermo
11 Age-Gender Relations in the Academic Profession: Putting the Challenges of Early Career Academics into Context
Jeff Hearn and Liisa Husu
12 A Young Man’s Game: Age and Gender in Technology Jobs
Christianne Marie Corbett
13 Women in Engineering: Experiences of Discrimination across Age Cohort
Tracey L. Adams
14 Conclusion: Findings, Future Research and Policy Recommendations
Tracey L. Adams and Marta Choroszewicz
Although still a fairly young field, the study of gender and organizations is increasingly popular and relevant. There are few areas of academic research that are as vibrant and dynamic as the study of gender and organizations. While much earlier research has focused on documenting the imbalances of women and men in organizations, more recently, research on gender and organizations has departed from counting men and women. Instead research in this area sees gender as a process: something that is done rather than something that people are. This perspective is important and meaningful as it takes researchers away from essentialist notions of gender and opens the possibility of analysing the process of how individuals become women and men. This is called ‘gendering’, ‘practising gender’, ‘doing gender’ or ‘performing gender’ and draws on rich philosophical traditions.
Whilst Routledge Studies in Gender and Organizations has a broad remit, it will be thematically and theoretically committed to exploring gender and organizations from a constructivist perspective. Rather than focusing on specific areas of organizations, the series is to be kept deliberately broad to showcase the most innovative research in this field. It is anticipated that the books in this series will make a theoretical contribution to the field of gender and organization based on rigorous empirical explorations.