This book presents research from across the globe on how gender relationships in agriculture are changing.
In many regions of the world, agricultural transformations are occurring through increased commodification, new value-chains, technological innovations introduced by CGIAR and other development interventions, declining viability of small-holder agriculture livelihoods, male out-migration from rural areas, and climate change. This book addresses how these changes involve fluctuations in gendered labour and decision making on farms and in agriculture and, in many places, have resulted in the feminization of agriculture at a time of unprecedented climate change. Chapters uncover both how women successfully innovate and how they remain disadvantaged when compared to men in terms of access to land, labor, capital and markets that would enable them to succeed in agriculture. Building on case studies from Africa, Latin America and Asia, the book interrogates how new agricultural innovations from agricultural research, new technologies and value chains reshape gender relations.
Using new methodological approaches and intersectional analyses, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of agriculture, gender, sustainable development and environmental studies more generally.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
Part 1. Overview
- Gender, Agriculture and Agrarian Transformations
- The Implications of Gender Relations for Modern Approaches to Crop Improvement and Plant Breeding
- Change in the Making: 1970s and 1980s Building Stones to Gender Integration in CGIAR Agricultural Research
- How to Do Gender Research? Feminist Perspectives on Gender Research in Agriculture
- Intersectionality at the Gender-Agriculture Nexus: Relational Life Histories and Additative Sex-Disaggregated Indices
- Diversity of Small-Scale Maize Farmers in the Western Highlands of Guatemala: Integrating Gender into Farm Typologies
- "A Bird Locked in a Cage:" Hmong Young Women’s Lives After Marriage in Northern Vietnam
- Defeminizing Effect: How Improved Dairy Technology Adoption Affected Women`s and Men`s Time Allocation and Milk Income Share in Ethiopia
- Implementing "Gender Equity" in Livestock Interventions: Caught between Patriarchy and Paternalism?
- Implications of Agricultural Innovations on Gender Norms: Gender Approaches in Aquatic Agriculture in Bangladesh
- Permanently Seasonal Workers: Gendered Labor Relations and Working Conditions of Asparagus Agricultural Workers in Ica, Perú
- Gender Equality and Trees on Farms: Considerations for Implementation of Climate-Smart Agriculture
- Kinship Structures, Gender, and Groundnut Productivity in Malawi
- Changes in Participation of Women in Rice Value Chains: Implications for Control over Decision-Making
Part 2. Gender and Agriculture Research
Jacqueline Ashby and Vivian Polar
Margreet van der Burg
Ann R. Tickamyer and Kathleen Sexsmith
Part 3. Intersectionality: Gender, Class, and Ethnicity in Agricultural Systems
Stephanie Leder and Carolyn Sachs
Tania Carolina Camacho-Villa, Luis Barba-Escoto, Juan Burgueño-Ferreira, Ann Tickamyer, Leland Glenna and Santiago López-Ridaura
Nozomi Kawarazuka, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Vu Xuan Thai and Pham Huu Thuong
Part 4. Shifting Gender Relations in Agriculture, Fisheries, and Livestock
Birhanu Megersa Lenjiso
Katie Tavenner and Todd A. Crane
Lemlem Aregu, Afrina Choudhury, Surendran Rajaratnam, Margreet van der Burg and Cynthia McDougall
Part 5. Gender, Labor, and Decision Making
María del Rosario Castro Bernardini
Tatiana Gumucio, Diksha Arora, Jennifer Twyman, Ann Tickamyer, and Monica Clavijo
Edward Bikketi, Esther Njuguna-Mungai, Leif Jensen, and Edna Johnny
Sujata Ganguly, Leif Jensen, Samarendu Mohanty, Sugandha Munshi, Arindam Samaddar, Swati Nayak and Prakashan Chellattan Veettil
Carolyn E. Sachs is Professor Emerita of Rural Sociology and Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Penn State University, USA.