This book presents research from across the globe on how gender relationships in agriculture are changing.
In many regions of the world, agricultural transformations are occurring through increased commodification, new value-chains, technological innovations introduced by CGIAR and other development interventions, declining viability of small-holder agriculture livelihoods, male out-migration from rural areas, and climate change. This book addresses how these changes involve fluctuations in gendered labour and decision making on farms and in agriculture and, in many places, have resulted in the feminization of agriculture at a time of unprecedented climate change. Chapters uncover both how women successfully innovate and how they remain disadvantaged when compared to men in terms of access to land, labor, capital and markets that would enable them to succeed in agriculture. Building on case studies from Africa, Latin America and Asia, the book interrogates how new agricultural innovations from agricultural research, new technologies and value chains reshape gender relations.
Using new methodological approaches and intersectional analyses, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of agriculture, gender, sustainable development and environmental studies more generally.
Table of Contents
Part 1. Overview Gender, Agriculture and Agrarian Transformations Carolyn Sachs Part 2. Gender and Agriculture Research 2. The Implications of Gender Relations for Modern Approaches to Crop Improvement and Plant Breeding Jacqueline Ashby and Vivian Polar 3. Change in the Making: 1970s and 1980s Building Stones to Gender Integration in CGIAR Agricultural Research Margreet van der Berg 4. How to Do Gender Research? Feminist Perspectives on Gender Research in Agriculture Ann R. Tickamyer and Kathleen Sexsmith Part 3. Intersectionality: Gender, Class, and Ethnicity in Agricultural Systems 5. Intersectionality at the Gender-Agriculture Nexus: Relational Life Histories and Additative Sex-Disaggregated Indices Stephanie Leder and Carolyn Sachs 6. Diversity of Small-Scale Maize Farmers in the Western Highlands of Guatemala: Integrating Gender into Farm Typologies Tania Carolina Camacho-Villa et al. 7. "A Bird Locked in a Cage:" Hmong Young Women’s Lives After Marriage in Northern Vietnam. Nozomi Kawarazuka et al. Part 4. Shifting Gender Relations in Agriculture, Fisheries, and Livestock 8. Defeminizing Effect: How Improved Dairy Technology Adoption Affected Women`s and Men`s Time Allocation and Milk Income Share in Ethiopia. Birhanu Megersa Lenjiso 9. Implementing "Gender Equity" in Livestock Interventions: Caught between Patriarchy and Paternalism? Katie Tavenner and Todd A. Crane 10. Implications of Agricultural Innovations on Gender Norms: Gender Approaches in Aquatic Agriculture in Bangladesh Lemlem Aregu et al. Part 5. Gender, Labor, and Decision Making 11. Permanently Seasonal Workers: Gendered Labor Relations and Working Conditions of Asparagus Agricultural Workers in Ica, Perú María del Rosario Castro Bernardini 12. Gender Equality and Trees on Farms: Considerations for Implementation of Climate-Smart Agriculture. Tatiana Gumucio et al. 13. Kinship Structures, Gender, and Groundnut Productivity in Malawi Edward Bikketi et al. 14. Changes in Participation of Women in Rice Value Chains: Implications for Control over Decision-Making. Sujata Ganguly et al.
Carolyn E. Sachs is Professor Emerita of Rural Sociology and Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Penn State University, USA.