Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2009!
This book examines three big ideas: difference, legitimacy, and pluralism. Of chief concern is how people construe and deal with variation among fellow human beings. Why under certain circumstances do people embrace even sanctify differences, or at least begrudgingly tolerate them, and why in other contexts are people less receptive to difference, sometimes overtly hostile to it and bent on its eradication? What are the cultural and political conditions conducive to the positive valorization and acceptance of difference? And, conversely, what conditions undermine or erode such positive views and acceptance? This book examines pluralism in gendered fields and domains in Southeast Asia since the early modern era, which historians and anthropologists of the region commonly define as the period extending roughly from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Note on Spelling, Transliteration, and Names (5)
Chapter 1 -- Introduction (6)
Chapter 2 -- Gender Pluralism and Transgender Practices in Early Modern Times (38)
Some Gendered Themes in the Political Cultures of Pre- and Early Modern States
Transgender Practices and Gender Pluralism
Chapter 3 -- Temporary Marriage, Connubial Commerce, and Colonial Body Politics (146)
From Temporary Wives to Concubines and Prostitutes
Colonial Body Politics and the Constriction of Pluralism
Concubinage, Prostitution, and "Sworn Sisterhood"
Desires That Dare Not Speak Their Names
Chapter 4 --Transgender Practices, Same-Sex Relations, and Gender Pluralism Since the 1960s (216)
Some Insular Southeast Asian Cases
The Case of Burma
Deeper into the Labyrinth(s)
Women and Femininity at the Turn of the 21st Century
Chapter 5 -- Gender, Sexuality, and Body Politics at the Turn of the 21st Century (311)
Transgendered Ritualists and Pondan
"Asian Values" and New Types of Criminality
Narratives of "Asian Values" and the Rise of Social Intolerance
New Types of Criminality: Azizah, Anwar, and Beyond
The Pink Triangle, the Urban/Sexual Underground, and the Struggle
for Sexual Equality
Background and Context
The Pink Triangle and the Urban/Sexual Communities It Serves
Official Discourses on Communities in the Urban/Sexual Underground
The Struggle for Sexual Equality
Engaging "Tolerance", Open Secrets, and Governmentality
Epilogue: Asylum, Diaspora, Pluralism (450)
Michael G. Peletz is Professor of Anthropology at Emory University. His specialties include social theory, gender, sexuality, Islam, and modernity, particularly in Southeast Asia. He is the author of Islamic Modern: Religious Courts and Cultural Politics in Malaysia (Princeton, 2002), Reason and Passion: Representations of Gender in a Malay Society (California, 1996), A Share of the Harvest: Kinship, Property, and Social History among the Malays of Rembau (California, 1988). He is also the co-editor with Aihwa Ong, of Bewitching Women, Pious Men: Gender and Body Politics in Southeast Asia (California, 1995).