This book focuses on the interplay of gender, race, and their representation in American science fiction, from the nineteenth-century through to the twenty-first, and across a number of forms including literature and film. Haslam explores the reasons why SF provides such a rich medium for both the preservation of and challenges to dominant mythologies of gender and race. Defining SF linguistically and culturally, the study argues that this mode is not only able to illuminate the cultural and social histories of gender and race, but so too can it intervene in those histories, and highlight the ruptures present within them. The volume moves between material history and the linguistic nature of SF fantasies, from the specifics of race and gender at different points in American history to larger analyses of the socio-cultural functions of such identity categories. SF has already become central to discussions of humanity in the global capitalist age, and is increasingly the focus of feminist and critical race studies; in combining these earlier approaches, this book goes further, to demonstrate why SF must become central to our discussions of identity writ large, of the possibilities and failings of the human —past, present, and future. Focusing on the interplay of whiteness and its various 'others' in relation to competing gender constructs, chapters analyze works by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mary E. Bradley Lane, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Philip Francis Nowlan, George S. Schuyler and the Wachowskis, Frank Herbert, William Gibson, and Octavia Butler. Academics and students interested in the study of Science Fiction, American literature and culture, and Whiteness Studies, as well as those engaged in critical gender and race studies, will find this volume invaluable.
Table of Contents
Introduction: "Kindred Mysteries": The Fantastic Identities of SF Part I: Race/Gender/Science/Fiction 1. "The races of mankind": The Race of Gender in "The Birth-mark" and Mizora 2. The Whiteness of Manly Pulp from Tarzan’s Jungle to Buck Rogers’ Phalectrocentrism Part II: Virtual Whiteness 3. The Möbius Strip of Identity and Privilege in Black No More 4. Coded Discourse: Romancing the (Electronic) Shadow in The Matrix Part III: Muting Utopia 5. Bridging Divides in The Santaroga Barrier and All Tomorrow's Parties 6. Octavia Butler’s Exceptional Minds, Collective Identities, and the Moynihan Report Afterword: The Robot’s Howl: Fritz Lang, Allen Ginsberg, and SF as Death Drive
Jason Haslam is Associate Professor in the Department of English at Dalhousie University, Canada
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Awarded an honorable mention for the 2016 Robert K. Martin Book Prize competition