1st Edition

Gender and Crime

Edited By

Sandra Walklate

ISBN 9780415619639
Published May 17, 2012 by Routledge
880 Pages

USD $1,450.00

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Book Description

In the late 1950s, Barbara Wootton memorably remarked that if men behaved like women the criminal courts would be idle and the prisons empty. Wootton was among the first to ask fundamental and challenging questions of criminology; about its structure as a discipline and its explanatory potential about crime. In the following decades, serious academic work on the relationship between gender, crime, and criminal victimization has continued to flourish. It has been particularly concerned to challenge the sex-based assumptions for female criminality, on the one hand, and the invisibility of women as victims of crime, on the other. If criminology was once a discipline run ‘by the boys, with the boys, about the boys’, its domain assumptions are now severely tested in terms of theory, policy, and practice, by a large and growing corpus of scholarship.

This new title from Routledge’s Critical Concepts in Criminology series meets the need for an authoritative reference work to map and make sense of this body of literature and the continuing explosion in research output. Edited by a leading scholar in the field, Gender and Crime is a four-volume collection which brings together the very best foundational and cutting-edge contributions.

The four volumes focus on the nature of the feminist challenge and the criminological response to it. The collection is organized thematically. Volume I (‘Sex and Crime or Gender and Crime?’) traces the emergence and development of the gender agenda within criminology, identifying its strengths and weaknesses, while Volume II (‘Gender, Crime, and Criminal Victimization’) brings together the best thinking on the various ways in which different crimes—and experiences of crime—might be informed by a gendered perspective. Volume III (‘Gendered Experiences of the Criminal-Justice Process’), meanwhile, focuses on the criminal-justice system and the professionals engaged within it. Does the question of gender help to make better sense of how it does its work? The final volume in the collection (‘Gender, Crime, and Punishment’) collects the key literature on the extent to which prisons, community penalties, and restorative justice reflect gendered presumptions.

Gender and Crime is fully indexed and has a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the gathered material in its historical and intellectual context. Indeed, it is an essential resource and is destined to be valued by scholars and other users as a vital one-stop research tool.

Table of Contents


Part 1: Feminism Challenges Criminology’s Domain Assumptions

1. Dorie Klein, ‘The Etiology of Female Crime: A Review of the Literature’, Issues in Criminology, 1973, 8, 2, 3–30.

2. Carol Smart, ‘Criminological Theory: Its Ideology and Implications Concerning Women’, British Journal of Sociology, 1977, 28, 1, 89–100.

3. Frances Heidensohn, ‘The Deviance of Women: A Critique and an Enquiry’, British Journal of Sociology, 1968, 19, 2, 160–75.

4. Beverley Brown, ‘Women and Crime: The Dark Figures of Criminology’, Economy and Society, 1986, 15, 3, 355–402.

5. Maureen Cain, ‘Towards Transgression: New Directions in Feminist Criminology’, International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 1990, 18, 1, 1–18.

6. Carol Smart, ‘Feminist Approaches to Criminology or Post-modern Woman Meets Atavistic Man’, in L. Gelsthorpe and A. Morris (eds.), Feminist Perspectives in Criminology (Open University Press, 1990), pp. 70–84.

7. Dana Britton, ‘Feminism in Criminology: Engendering the Outlaw’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2000, 571, 57–76.

Part 2: The Criminological Response: Problematizing Men and Masculinity

8. Tony Jefferson, ‘"Wheelin" and "Stealin"’, Achilles Heel, 1992, 13, 10–12.

9. James Messerschmidt, ‘Varieties of "Real Men"’, Masculinities and Crime (Rowman and Littlefield, 1993), pp. 119–54.

10. Joachim Kersten, ‘Culture, Masculinities and Violence Against Women’, in T. Jefferson and P. Carlen (eds.), British Journal of Criminology, 1996, 36, 3, 81–95.

11. Robert W. Connell and James Messerschmidt, ‘Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the Concept’, Gender and Society, 2005, 19, 6, 829–59.

Part 3: The Aftermath: The Salience of Gender and the Problem of Backlash?

12. Marcia Rice, ‘Challenging Orthodoxies in Feminist Theory: A Black Feminist Critique’, in L. Gelsthorpe and A. Morris (eds.), Feminist Perspectives in Criminology (Open University Press, 1990), pp. 57–70.

13. Kathleen Daly, ‘Different Ways of Conceptualizing Sex/Gender in Feminist Theory and Their Implications for Criminology’, Theoretical Criminology, 1997, 1, 1, 25–51.

14. Pat Carlen, ‘Gender, Class, Racism and Criminal Justice: Against Global and Gender-centric Theories, for Post-Structuralist Perspectives’, in G. Bridges an M. Myers (eds.), Inequalities, Crime and Social Control (Westview Press, 1994), pp. 134–44.

15. Amanda Burgess-Proctor, ‘Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, and Crime: Future Directions for Feminist Criminology’, Feminist Criminology, 2006, 1, 1, 27–47.

16. Meda Chesney-Lind, ‘Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash’, Feminist Criminology, 2006, 1, 1, 6–26.


Part 4: Gendered Understandings of the Fear of Crime

17. Mark Warr, ‘Fear of Rape Among Urban Women’, Social Problems, 1985, 32, 3, 238–50.

18. Betsy Stanko, ‘Fear of Crime and the Myth of the Safe Home: A Feminist Critique of Criminology’, in K. Yllo and M. Bograd (eds.), Feminist Perspectives on Wife Abuse (Sage, 1988), pp. 75–89.

19. Carol Brooks Gardner, ‘Safe Conduct: Women, Crime and Self in Public Places’, Social Problems, 1988, 37, 3, 311–28.

20. Liz Kelly, ‘The Continuum of Sexual Violence’, in J. Hamner and M. Maynard (eds.), Women, Violence and Social Control (Macmillan, 1987), pp. 46–60.

21. Jo Goodey, ‘Boy’s Don’t Cry: Masculinities, Fear of Crime and Fearlessness’, British Journal of Criminology, 1997, 37, 3, 401–18.

22. Alex Campbell, ‘Keeping the "Lady" Safe: The Regulation of Femininity Through Crime Prevention Literature’, Critical Criminology, 2005, 13, 1, 119–40.

Part 5: Crime: Gender, Money, Sex, and Violence

23. Frances Adler, ‘The Rise of the Female Crook’, Psychology Today, 1975, 9, 42–6, 112–14.

24. Pamela Davies, ‘Is Economic Crime a Man’s Game?’, Feminist Theory, 2003, 4, 3, 283–303.

25. Kerry Carrington, ‘Does Feminism Spoil Girls? Explanations for Official Rises in Female Delinquency’, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 2006, 39, 1, 34–53.

26. Sari Van der Poel, ‘Professional Male Prostitution: A Neglected Phenomenon’, Crime, Law and Social Change, 1992, 18, 3, 259–75.

27. Jo Pheonix, ‘Prostitute Identities: Men, Money, and Violence’, British Journal of Criminology, 2000, 40, 1, 37–55.

28. Jane Caputi, ‘The Sexual Politics of Murder’, in P. B. Bart and E. G. Moran (eds.), Violence Against Women: The Bloody Footprints (Sage, 1993), pp. 5–25.

29. Russell Dobash, Rebecca Dobash, Kate Cavanagh, and Ruth Lewis, ‘Not an Ordinary Killer—Just an Ordinary Guy: Men Who Murder an Intimate Woman Partner’, Violence Against Women, 2004, 1, 6, 577–605.

30. Belinda Morrissey, ‘Inconceivable Survivors; Battered Women Who Kill’, When Women Kill: Questions of Agency and Subjectivity (Routledge, 2003), pp. 67–100.

Part 6: Victimization, gender, sex, and violence

31. Frances Power Cobbe, ‘Wife Torture in England’ [1878], in J. Radford and D. Russell (eds.), Femicide: The Politics of Woman Killing (Open University Press, 1992), pp. 46–52.

32. Susan Brownmiller, Against Our Will [1975], in K. Evans and J. Jamieson (eds.), Gender and Crime: A Reader (McGraw-Hill, 2008), pp. 51–64.

33. Diana Russell and N. Howell, ‘The Prevalence of Rape in the United States Revisited’, Signs, 1983, 8, 4, 688–95.

34. Diana Scully and Joseph Marolla, ‘Riding the Bull at Gilleys’: Convicted Rapists Describe the Rewards of Rape’, in P. B. Bart and E. G. Moran (eds.), Violence Against Women: The Bloody Footprints (Sage, 1993), pp. 26–46.

35. Sue Lees, ‘Male Rape’, Ruling Passions: Sexual Violence, Reputation and the Law (Open University Press, 1997), pp. 89–109.

36. Stephanie Allen, ‘Male Victims of Rape: Responses to a Perceived Threat to Masculinity’, in C. Hoyle and R. Young (eds.), New Visions of Crime Victims (Hart Publishing, 2002), pp. 23–45.

37. Betsy Stanko and Kathy Hobdell, ‘Assaults on Men; Masculinity and Male Violence’, British Journal of Criminology, 1993, 33, 3, 400–15.

38. Russell P. Dobash and Rebecca Emerson Dobash, ‘Women’s Violence to Men in Intimate Relationships: Working on a Puzzle’, British Journal of Criminology, 2004, 44, 3, 324–49.


Part 7: Policing

39. Roland Chilton, and Susan Datesman, ‘Gender, Race, and Crime: An Analysis of Urban Arrest Trends 1960–1980’, Gender and Society, 1987, 1, 2, 152–71.

40. Susan Ehrlich Martin, ‘Police Women and Police Women: Occupational Role Dilemmas and Choices of Female Officers’, Journal of Police Science and Administration, 1979, 2, 314–23.

41. Frances Heidensohn, ‘We Can Handle it Out Here: Women Officers in Britain and the USA and the Policing of Public Order’, Policing and Society, 1994, 4, 4, 293–303.

42. Jan Jordan, ‘Worlds Apart? Women, Rape and the Reporting Process’, British Journal of Criminology, 2001, 4, 41, 679–706.

43. Sandra Walklate, ‘Policing by Women, with Women, for Women’, Policing, 1993, 9, 2, 101–16.

44. Nigel Fielding, ‘Cop Canteen Culture’, in T. Newburn and E. Stanko (eds.), Just Boys Doing Business (Routledge, 1994), pp. 46–63.

45. Marisa Silvestri, ‘"Doing" Police Leadership: Enter the "New Smart Macho"’, Policing and Society, 2007, 17, 1, 38–58.

Part 8: Probation

46. Charles E. Frazier, E. Wilbur Bock, and John C. Henretta, ‘The Role of Probation Officers in Determining Gender Differences in Sentencing Severity’, Sociological Quarterly, 1983, 24, 2, 305–18.

47. Edna Erez, ‘Gender, Rehabilitation, and Probation Decisions’, Criminology, 1989, 27, 2, 302–26.

48. Anne Worrall and Lorraine Gelsthorpe, ‘What "Works" With Women Offenders: The Past 30 Years’, Probation Journal, 2009, 56, 4, 329–54.

Part 9: The Courts

49. Meda Chesney-Lind, ‘Judicial Enforcement of the Female Sex Role: The Family Court and the Female Delinquent’, Issues in Criminology, 1973, 8, 2, 51–70.

50. Gail Armstrong, ‘Females Under the Law: "Protected" But Unequal’, Crime and Delinquency, 1977, 23, 109–20.

51. Hilary Allen, ‘Rendering Them Harmless: The Professional Portrayal of Women Charged With Serious Violent Crime’, in P. Carlen and A. Worrall (eds.), Gender, Crime and Justice (Open University Press, 1987), pp. 81–94.

52. Anne Worrall, ‘Sisters in Law? Women Defendants and Women Magistrates’, in P. Carlen and A. Worrall (eds.), Gender, Crime and Justice (Open University Press, 1987), pp. 108–25.

53. Dermott Feenan, ‘Women Judges: Gendering Judges, Justifying Diversity’, Journal of Law and Society, 2008, 35, 4, 490–519.

Part 10: The Law

54. Frances Heidensohn, ‘Models of Justice: Portia or Persephone? Some Thoughts on Equality, Fairness and Gender in the Field of Criminal Justice’, International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 1986, 14, 3–4, 287–99.

55. Carol Smart, ‘The Woman of Legal Discourse’, Social and Legal Studies, 1992, 1, 1, 29–44.

56. Ngaire Naffine, Who are Law’s Persons? From Cheshire Cats to Responsible Subjects’, Modern Law Review, 2003, 66, 3, 346–78.

57. Ruth Graham, ‘Male Rape and the Careful Construction of the Male Victim’, Social and Legal Studies, 2006, 15, 2, 187–208.

58. Barbara Hudson. ‘Beyond White Man’s Justice: Race, Gender and Justice in Late Modernity’, Theoretical Criminology, 2006, 10, 1, 29–47.


Part 11: In and Out of Crime: A Gendered Process?

59. Mary Gilfus, ‘From Victims to Survivors to Offenders: Women’s Routes of Entry into Street Crime’, Women and Criminal Justice, 1992, 4, 1, 63–89.

60. Leslie Acoca, ‘Characteristics of Girls at Risk of Entering or Involved with the Juvenile Justice System: Investing in Girls: A 21st-Century Strategy’, Juvenile Justice, 1999, 6, 1, 1–5.

61. Susan Batchelor, ‘Prove Me the Bam!: Victimisation and Agency in the Lives of Young Women Who Commit Violent Offences’, Probation Journal, 2005, 52, 4, 358–75.

62. Christopher Uggen and Candace Kruttschnitt, ‘Crime in the Breaking: Gender Differences in Desistance’, Law & Society Review, 1998, 32, 2, 339–66.

63. Gill McIvor, Cathie Murray, and Janet Jamieson, ‘Desistance from Crime: Is it Different for Women and Girls?’, in S. Maruna and R. Imimarigeon (eds.), After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Offender Reintegration (Willan Publishing, 2004), pp. 181–97.

64. Judith Rumgay, ‘Scripts for Safer Survival: Pathways Out of Female Crime’, Howard Journal, 2004, 43, 4, 405–19.

Part 12: Gender and Risk

65. Stephanie Funk, ‘Risk Assessment for Juveniles on Probation: A Focus on Gender’, Criminal Justice and Behavior, 1999, 26, 1, 44–68.

66. Kelly Hannah-Moffatt, ‘Pandora’s Box: Risk/Need and Gender Responsive Corrections’, Criminology and Public Policy, 2006, 5, 1, 183–91.

67. Amanda Robinson, and James Rowlands, ‘Assessing and Managing Risk Among Different Victims of Domestic Abuse: Limits of a Generic Model of Risk Assessment’, Security Journal, 2009, 22, 3, 190–204.

68. Janet Davidson and Meda Chesney-Lind, ‘Discounting Women: Context Matters in Risk and Need Assessment’, Critical Criminology, 2009, 17, 221–45.

69. Carolyn Holye, ‘Will She be Safe? A Critical Analysis of Risk Assessment in Domestic Violence Cases’, Child and Youth Services Review, 2008, 30, 323–37.

Part 13: Gender and Imprisonment

70. Meda Chesney-Lind and Noelie Rodriguez, ‘Women Under Lock and Key: A View from the Inside’, Prison Journal, 1983, 63, 2, 47–65.

71. Pat Carlen, ‘Why Study Women’s Imprisonment? Or Anyone Else’s?’, British Journal of Criminology, 1994, 33, 1, 131–40.

72. Laureen Snider, ‘Constituting the Punishable Woman: Atavistic Man Incarcerates Post-modern Woman’, British Journal of Criminology, 2003, 43, 2, 354–78.

73. Patricia Gray, ‘Women’s Experiences of Incarceration in Hong Kong: Doing Time, Doing Choice, Doing Class-Gender-Culture’, International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 2006, 34, 89–104.

74. Joe Sim, ‘Tougher than the Rest’, in T. Newburn and B. Stanko (eds.), Just Boys Doing Business (Routledge, 1994), pp. 100–17.

Part 14: Gender and Restorative Justice

75. Kathleen Daly and Julie Stubbs, ‘Feminist Engagement with Restorative Justice’, Theoretical Criminology, 2006, 10, 1, 9–28.

76. Julie Stubbs, ‘Beyond Apology? Domestic Violence and Critical Questions for Restorative Justice’, Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2007, 7, 2, 169–87.

77. Mary Koss, ‘Restoring Rape Survivors Justice, Advocacy, and a Call to Action’, New York Academy of Sciences, 2006, 1087, 206–34.

78. Emily Gaarder and Lois Presser, ‘A Feminist Vision of Justice? The Problems and Possibilities of Restorative Justice for Girls and Women’, in D. Sullivan and L. Tift (eds.), Handbook of Restorative Justice (Routledge, 2006), pp. 483–94.

79. Gillian Balfour, ‘Falling Between the Cracks of Retributive and Restorative Justice: The Victimization and Punishment of Aboriginal Women’, Feminist Criminology, 2008, 3, 2, 101–20.

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