Bringing together feminist analyses of economic processes and outcomes with feminist critiques of Orientalism, this book examines the diverse economic realities facing women in a range of Muslim communities. This approach pays special attention to the role of Islam in economic analyses of gender equality and women’s well-being in Muslim communities, while at the same time challenging biased and inaccurate accounts that essentialize Islam.
Nuanced case studies conducted in Bangladesh, Iran, Israel, Nigeria, and Turkey illustrate the historical and institutional diversity of Muslim communities and draw vivid pictures of the everyday economic lives of Muslim women in these communities. These studies are complemented by quantitative analyses that extend beyond inserting Islam as a dummy variable. The contributions represent a wide range of disciplines, including anthropology, economics, gender studies, political science, psychology, and sociology.
By placing critiques of Orientalist scholarship in direct dialogue with scholarship on economic development in Muslim contexts, this diverse collection illustrates how different methods and frameworks can work together to provide a better understanding of gender equality and women’s well-being in Muslim contexts. In doing so, the authors aim to facilitate conversations among feminist scholars across disciplines in order to provide a more nuanced picture of the situation facing women in Muslim communities.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Feminist Economics.
Foreword Inderpal Grewal
Introduction – Gender and Economics in Muslim Communities: A Critical Feminist and Postcolonial Analysis Ebru Kongar, Jennifer C. Olmsted and Elora Shehabuddin
1. Moving Beyond Culturalism and Formalism: Islam, Women, and Political Unrest in the Middle East Gamze Çavdar and Yavuz Yaşar
2. Patriarchy versus Islam: Gender and Religion in Economic Growth Elissa Braunstein
3. The Influence of Patriarchal Norms, Institutions, and Household Composition on Women’s Employment in Twenty-Eight Muslim-Majority Countries Niels Spierings
4. Unilateral Divorce for Women and Labor Supply in the Middle East and North Africa: The Effect of Khul Reform Lena Hassani-Nezhad and Anna Sjögren
5. Diverging Stories of "Missing Women" in South Asia: Is Son Preference Weakening in Bangladesh? Naila Kabeer, Lopita Huq and Simeen Mahmud
6. Funding Pain: Bedouin Women and Political Economy in the Naqab/Negev Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Antonina Griecci Woodsum, Himmat Zu’bi and Rachel Busbridge
7. Peace in the Household: Gender, Agency, and Villagers’ Measures of Marital Quality in Bangladesh Fauzia Erfan Ahmed
8. "Just Like Prophet Mohammad Preached": Labor, Piety, and Charity in Contemporary Turkey Damla Isik
9. Entrepreneurial Subjectivities and Gendered Complexities: Neoliberal Citizenship in Turkey Özlem Altan-Olcay
10. Choice and Constraint in Paid Work: Women from Low-Income Households in Tehran Roksana Bahramitash and Jennifer C. Olmsted
11. Agency through Development: Hausa Women’s NGOs and CBOs in Kano, Nigeria Adryan Wallace