The contributions to this collection focus on the intersecting dynamics of gender, generation and class in Southeast Asian rural communities engaging with expanding capitalist relations, whether in the form of large-scale corporate land acquisition or other forms of penetration of commodity economy. Gender, and especially generation, are relatively neglected dimensions in the literature on agrarian and environmental transformations in Southeast Asia. Drawing on key concepts in gender studies, youth studies and agrarian studies, the chapters mark a significant step towards a gendered and ‘generationed’ analysis of capitalist expansion in rural Southeast Asia, in particular from a political ecology perspective. The collection highlights the importance of bringing gender and generation, in their interaction with class dynamics, more squarely into agrarian and environmental transformation studies. This is key to understanding the implications of capitalist expansion for social relations of power and justice, and the potential of these relations to shape the outcomes for different women and men, younger and older, in rural society.The chapters in this book were originally published in a special issue of The Journal of Peasant Studies.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Gender and generation in Southeast Asian agro-commodity booms
Clara Mi Young Park and Ben White
Chapter 2. Gender and land dispossession: a comparative analysis
Chapter 3. Gender and generation in engagements with oil palm in East Kalimantan, Indonesia: insights from feminist political ecology
Rebecca Elmhirst, Mia Siscawati, Bimbika Sijapati Basnett and Dian Ekowati
Chapter 4. Intergenerational displacement in Indonesia’s oil palm plantation zone
Tania Murray Li
Chapter 5. Women, gender and protest: contesting oil palm plantation expansion in Indonesia
Chapter 6. In the law & on the land: finding the female farmer in Myanmar’s National Land Use Policy
Hilary Oliva Faxon
Chapter 7. Gendered eviction, protest and recovery: a feminist political ecology engagement with land grabbing in rural Cambodia
Vanessa Lamb, Laura Schoenberger, Carl Middleton and Borin Un
Chapter 8. ‘We are not afraid to die’: gender dynamics of agrarian change in Ratanakiri province, Cambodia
Clara Mi Young Park and Margherita Maffii
Chapter 9. Land concessions and rural youth in Southern Laos
Gilda Sentíes Portilla
Chapter 10. Gaharu King – Family Queen: material gendered political ecology of the eaglewood boom in Kalimantan, Indonesia
Clara Mi Young Park is a PhD candidate at the International Institute of Social Studies in The Hague, Netherlands. Her current research focuses on the gendered and ‘generationed’ political economy of climate change and resource grabbing in Myanmar and Cambodia. Clara is the regional Gender Rural and Social Development Officer with the Asia Pacific Regional Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Bangkok.
Ben White is Emeritus Professor of Rural Sociology at the International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, Netherlands. His research and teaching has focused on processes of agrarian change and the anthropology and history of childhood and youth, especially in Indonesia. He is a founder member of the Land Deal Politics Initiative (www.iss.nl/ldpi), and the Emancipatory Rural Politics Initiative (www.iss.nl/erpi).