1st Edition

Gender and Security in Digital Space Navigating Access, Harassment, and Disinformation

Edited By Gulizar Haciyakupoglu, Yasmine Wong Copyright 2023
    200 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    200 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Digital space offers new avenues, opportunities, and platforms in the fight for gender equality, and for the social, economic, and political participation of women and marginalised communities. However, the very same space plays host to gender inequalities and security threats with gendered implications.

    This edited volume ventures into complexities at the intersection of gender, security, and digital space, with a particular focus on the persistent problems of access, harassment, and disinformation. Scholars and practitioners in this volume tackle various facets of the issue, presenting an array of research, experiences, and case studies that span the globe. This knowledge lends itself to potential policy considerations in tackling inequalities and threats with gendered implications in cyber space towards digital spaces that are safe and equal.

    This book is a must-read for students, scholars, and practitioners seeking to expand their knowledge on the gendered threats in digital space and potential remedies against them.

    List of Figures

    List of Contributors



    List of Abbreviations

    1 Introduction

    Gulizar Haciyakupoglu and Yasmine Wong

    PART I

    2 The Women, Peace and Security Agenda in Digital Space

    Tamara Nair

    3 What Can Internet Shutdowns Tell Us About Gender and International Security?

    Sarah Shoker


    4 ASEAN and Gendered Violence in Cyberspace

    Fitriani Bintang Timur

    5 Online Harassment and the Space for Political Speech: Advocating for Gender Equality in Malaysia

    Gulizar Haciyakupoglu

    6 Emotions in Motion: Emotions, Viral Justice, and Practices of Security

    Yasmine Wong


    7 Nasty, Fake and Online: Distinguishing Gendered Disinformation and Violence Against Women in Politics

    Gabrielle Bardall

    8 Security, Misogyny, and Disinformation Undermining Women’s Leadership

    Kristina Wilfore


    9 Underserved, Underrepresented and Unaware: Uplifting Women Through Digital Literacy Initiatives

    Sun Sun Lim

    10 A New Era in the Fight Against Online Misogyny

    Priyank Mathur



    Gulizar Haciyakupoglu is a Research Fellow at the Centre of Excellence for National Security (CENS) of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Her research concerns online harms, trust, and advocacy. She holds a PhD from the National University of Singapore (NUS), Communications and New Media Department (CNM), and an MA in Political Communication from the University of Sheffield. She received her bachelor’s degree in Global and International Affairs from the Dual-Diploma Programme of the State University of New York (SUNY) Binghamton, and Bogazici University, Turkey.

    Yasmine Wong is a Senior Analyst with the Centre of Excellence for National Security (CENS) of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Her current research focuses on issues pertaining to social resilience, social cohesion, and inter-group relations in online and offline spaces. Yasmine received her bachelor’s degree in Social Sciences (Politics and Philosophy) from the University of Manchester, and holds a Masters of Science in Political Sociology from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

    "This work could not be timelier. Gender is so often a key element to the way online spaces (mal)function, and integral to the misinformative narratives bad actors co-opt to misuse them, so it’s striking that our collective response to online governance has tended to side-line gendered perspectives. These attacks – which are usually pre-meditated for political gain, and spurred by the predatory algorithmic practices of social media platforms - discourage women from seeking roles in politics, thereby undermining the foundations of our democracy in ways that call for urgent redress. Through this important work, Haciyakupoglu and Wong have made commendable interdisciplinary strides in closing this research gap by interrogating how gender, the internet, and security intersect."---Lucina Di Meco (She/Her), Co-founder, https://www.she-persisted.org/