This book explores the relationship between Islamism, secularism and violence against women in the Middle East and North Africa. Drawing on case studies from across the region, the authors examine the historical, cultural, religious, social, legal and political factors affecting this key issue.
Chapters by established scholars from within and outside the region highlight:
- the interconnections of violence and various sources of power in the Middle East: the state, society, and the family
- conceptions of violence as family and social practice and dominant discourse
- the role of violence as pattern for social structuring in the nation state.
By centring the chapters around these key areas, the volume provides an innovative theoretical and systematic research model for gender and violence in the Middle East and North Africa. Dealing with issues that are not easily accessible in the West, this book underlines the importance of understanding realities and problems relevant to Muslim and Arab societies and discusses possible ways of promoting reforms in the MENA region. As such it will be of great interest to students and scholars of gender studies, sociology, political science and criminal justice.
Introduction: Contextualizing Gender and Violence in the Middle East Moha Ennaji and Fatima Sadiqi Part I: Conceptualization and Theoretical Background 1. Feminist Anthropological Perspectives on Violence Patricia Zuckerhut Part II: Armed Conflict and Gender Based Violence 2. Counter-Narratives of Palestinian Women: The Construction of Her-story and the Politics of Fear Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian 3. Gender, Youth and Institutional Support in the Occupied Palestinian Territories Islah Jad 4. Impact of Armed Conflict on Gender Roles in Lebanon Lamia Rustum Shehadeh Part III: Politics, War, and Violence against Women in Iraq and Afghanistan 5. War and Gender in Ba’thist Iraq Achim Rohde 6. Violence Against Afghan Women: Tradition, Religion, Conflict and War Anne E. Brodsky Part IV: Religious and Social Violence Against Women 7. Religious-based Violence against Women and Feminist Responses: Iran, Afghanistan and Algeria Valentine M. Moghadam 8. Strategy in the Battles over Her: Islamism and Secularism Shefifa Zuhur 9. Violence During Pregnancy in Jordan: Its Prevalence and Associated Risk and Protective Factors Cari Jo Clark Part V: Gender-Based Discrimination and Legal Reform 10. Legal Reforms on Violence against Women in Turkey: Best Practices Pinar Ilkkaracan and Liz Ercevik Amado 11. Violence Against Women in Morocco: Advances, Contentions and Strategies to Combat it Moha Ennaji Part V: Language, Sexual Harassment and Media 12. Gendered Language Use, Hierarchization of Linguistic Space and State Building Fatima Sadiqi 13. Dismantling the Discourses of War: Palestinian Women Filmakers Address Violence Nadia Yaqub
"Gender and Violence in the Middle East is a significant collection of essays... This work is an articulate collection that probes diverse manifestations of violence and the impact of violence on gender-relations in both the public and intimate spheres. Though the essays focus on issues of violence specific to the Middle East, the essays address universal concerns and offer insights into the process of patriarchal control and consolidation in the face of external aggression or internal dissonance. Consistently argued and clearly written, the book would be useful to both specialists and students alike." - Mahesh Sharma, Panjab University, Chandigarh; Journal of International and Global Studies
"The empirical studies of the volume make a welcome initial connection with theoretical studies in the anthropology of violence. Overall, the volume is an ambitious account of gender violence in the Middle East region. The volume should be of interest to students and scholars of gender studies, sociology, political science, and criminal justice." - Fatemeh Shayan, School of Management, University of Tampere, Finland; Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies, Winter 2012 Vol. V No. 1
"Gender and Violence in the Middle East is a major contribution to the understanding of women’s changing roles in several countries in that area and should be read by students, scholars, and a wider public." - Nikki Keddie, University of California, Los Angeles