1st Edition

Gender and the Military Women in the Armed Forces of Western Democracies

By Helena Carreiras Copyright 2006
    282 Pages
    by Routledge

    288 Pages
    by Routledge

    This is the first comparative, cross-national study of the participation of women in the armed forces of NATO countries. Along side an analysis of this key topic stands a critique of existing theoretical models and the proposal of a revised analytical framework.

    Unlike previous works this new study employs mixed-methodological research design combining quantitative and qualitative data - a large N-analysis based on general policies and statistical information concerning every country in the sample with more in-depth case-studies.

    This volume includes original empirical data regarding the presence of women in the armed forces of NATO countries, proposes an index of ‘gender inclusiveness’ and assesses the factors that affect women’s military roles. The book also presents two new key case studies – Portugal and the Netherlands - based on both documentary sources and in-depth interviews of both men and women officers in the two countries.

    This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies, gender and women studies and military history.

    Introduction  1. Women in the Military: A Global Overview  2. Gender Relations, Gendered Organizations and the Military  3. Social and Political Dilemmas of Women’s Military Service  4. The Military Institution and Social Change  5. Gender Integration in the Armed Forces: A Cross-National Comparison of Policies and Practices in the NATO Countries  6. Portugal and the Netherlands: Military and Social Contexts  7. Interpersonal Dynamics of Gender Integration: The Case of the Officer Corps  Concluding Remarks  Conclusion  Appendices  Bibliography Index


    Helena Carreiras is professor at the department of sociology of the University Institute for Labor, Business and Technologies (ISCTE) and researcher at the Centre for Research and Studies in Sociology (CIES) in Lisbon. Her research interests include armed forces and society, gender issues and methodology of the social sciences. She has published Mulheres nas Forças Armadas Portuguesas (Women in the Portuguese Armed Forces) (1997) and Mulheres em Armas. A Participação Militar Feminina na Europa do Sul (Women in Arms. The Military Participation of Women in Southern Europe) (2002).