7th Edition

Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective

Edited By Caroline B. Brettell, Carolyn F. Sargent Copyright 2017
    742 Pages
    by Routledge

    742 Pages
    by Routledge

    This carefully crafted volume introduces anthropological approaches to and perspectives on gender. It combines theoretically and ethnographically based essays in order to examine gender roles and ideology around the world. Divided thematically into 11 sections, the editors open each section with a succinct introduction to the principal issues. The articles themselves, both classic and contemporary, are drawn from all fields of anthropology and cover a wide variety of cultures. The seventh edition contains 11 new entries that reflect more recent developments in the discipline, including topics such as gender identity, transnationalism and female genital cutting. Additional features to support teaching and learning that are new to this edition include a film list and discussion questions at the end of each entry. This is an essential resource for students encountering the anthropology of gender for the first time.


    I. Biology, Gender, and Human Evolution

    Introduction by the editors

    Animal Models and Gender
    Marlene Zuk

    Lifeboat Ethics: Mother Love and Child Death in Northeast Brazil
    Nancy Scheper-Hughes

    The Cultural Nexus of Aka Father–Infant Bonding
    Barry S. Hewlett

    Difference Matters: Embodiment and Discourse on Difference in an Urban Public High School
    Anita Chikkatur

    II. Gender and Prehistory 

    Introduction by the editors

    The Past Is a Foreign Country: Archaeology of Sex and Gender 55
    Rosemary A. Joyce

    The Fashioning of Women
    J. M. Adovasio, Olga Soffer, and Jake Page

    Inca Gender Relations, from Household to Empire
    R. Alan Covey

    III. Domestic Worlds and Public Worlds

    Introduction by the editors

    The Domestic Sphere of Women and the Public World of Men: The Strengths and Limitations of an Anthropological Dichotomy
    Louise Lamphere

    From “Private” Affairs to “Public” Scandals: The Modern Woman’s Challenge to Husband’s Infidelities in Uganda
    Shanti Parikh

    Downsizing Masculinity: Gender, Family and Fatherhood in Post-Industrial America
    Chad Broughton and Tom Walton

    Marriage, Modernity, and Migration: Changing Dynamics of Intimacy in a Mexican Transnational Community
    Jennifer S. Hirsch

    IV. Equality and Inequality: The Sexual Division of Labor and Gender Stratification

    Introduction by the editors

    Woman the Hunter: The Agta
    Agnes Estioko-Griffin and P. Bion Griffin

    Gender, Horticulture, and the Division of Labor on Vanatinai
    Maria Lepowsky

    Ethnographic Empathy and the Social Context of Rights: “Rescuing” Maasai Girls from Early Marriage
    Caroline S. Archambault

    Gender, Business, and Space Control: Yoruba Market Women and Power
    Toyin Falola

    V. The Cultural Construction of Gender and Personhood

    Introduction by the editors

    My Encounter with Machismo in Spain
    David D. Gilmore

    Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Papua New Guinea
    Gilbert H. Herdt

    Surgical Transformations in the Pursuit of Gender
    Lauren E. Gulbas

    “Now I Gotta Watch What I Say”: Shifting Constructions of Masculinity in Discourse
    Scott Fabius Kiesling

    One of the Guys: Military Women Paradoxical Individuality and the Transformation of the Argentine Army
    Maximó Badaró

    VI. Gender, Sexuality, and the Body

    Introduction by the editors

    Is There a Muslim Sexuality? Changing Constructions of Sexuality in Egyptian Bedouin Weddings
    Lila Abu-Lughod

    From Pollution to Love Magic: The New Anthropology of Menstruation
    Alma Gottlieb

    Hijras: An “Alternative” Sex/Gender in India
    Gayatri Reddy and Serena Nanda

    VII. Gender and the State

    Introduction by the editors

    Japanese Mothers and Obento–s: The Lunch-Box as Ideological State Apparatus
    Anne Allison

    “Single Women Are Bitter”: The Gendered Production of Affective States in Chile
    Nia C. Parson

    Women’s Autonomy, Islam, and the French State
    John R. Bowen

    The “Unique Blend”: Reframing Womanhood through Turkish Drama Series
    Funda Üstek and Oguz Alyanak

    Female Genital Cutting: Moving Forward on Abolition?
    Ellen Gruenbaum

    VIII. Gender, Household, and Kinship

    Introduction by the editors

    What to do with Unmarried Daughters? Modern Solutions to a Traditional Dilemma in a Polyandrous Tibetan Society
    Geoff Childs, Melvyn C. Goldstein, and Puchung Wangdui

    Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Labyrinth of Working and Parenting in a Poor Community
    Sharon Hicks-Bartlett

    Rethinking Caribbean Families: Extending the Links
    Mary Chamberlain

    Resignation and Refusal: The Moral Calculus of Lesbian and Gay Parenthood in the US
    Ellen Lewin

    IX. Gender, Ritual, and Religion 

    Introduction by the editors

    Possessing Spirits and Healing Gods: Resolving Women’s Suffering in a Hindu Temple
    Anubha Sood

    “Tradition” and Threat: Women’s Obscenity in Giriama Funerary Rituals
    Janet McIntosh

    Shamans, Bodies, and Sex: Misreading a Korean Ritual
    Laurel Kendall

    How to Change a Man: Spiritual Transformation and Shifts in Gender Ideology in Evangelical El Salvador
    José Leonardo Santos

    X. Gender, Politics, and Reproduction

    Introduction by the editors

    Natural Birth at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century: Implications for Gender
    Margaret MacDonald

    Political Demography: The Banning of Abortion in Ceausescu’s Romania
    Gail Kligman

    Surrogate Motherhood: Rethinking Biological Models, Kinship, and Family
    Heléna Ragoné

    Making Room for Daddy: Fathers and Breastfeeding in the United States
    Sarah Sobonya

    XI. Gender and the Global Economy

    Introduction by the editors

    Little Princesses and Tiny Barons: Gender, Microfinance, and Parental Priorities in Urban Ecuador
    Megan Bond Hinrichsen

    Factory as Home and Family: Female Workers in the Moroccan Garment Industry
    M. Laetitia Cairoli

    Sexuality and Discipline among Filipina Domestic Workers in Hong Kong
    Nicole Constable

    Genders and Spenders: Masculinity and Money I Ecuadorian Transmigration
    Jason Pribilsky

    Sex Tourism, Globalization, and Transnational Imaginings
    Denise Brennan

    Film List


    Caroline B. Brettell is The Ruth Collins Altshuler Endowed Professor and Director of the Dedman College Interdisciplinary Institute at Southern Methodist University, USA.

    Carolyn F. Sargent is Professor of Sociocultural Anthropology and Professor of Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies at Washington University in St. Louis, USA.