Gendered Wars, Gendered Memories: Feminist Conversations on War, Genocide and Political Violence (Hardback) book cover

Gendered Wars, Gendered Memories

Feminist Conversations on War, Genocide and Political Violence

Edited by Ayşe Gül Altınay, Andrea Pető

© 2016 – Routledge

300 pages

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Hardback: 9781472442857
pub: 2016-04-04
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Description

The twentieth century has been a century of wars, genocides and violent political conflict; a century of militarization and massive destruction. It has simultaneously been a century of feminist creativity and struggle worldwide, witnessing fundamental changes in the conceptions and everyday practices of gender and sexuality. What are some of the connections between these two seemingly disparate characteristics of the past century? And how do collective memories figure into these connections? Exploring the ways in which wars and their memories are gendered, this book contributes to the feminist search for new words and new methods in understanding the intricacies of war and memory. From the Italian and Spanish Civil Wars to military regimes in Turkey and Greece, from the Armenian genocide and the Holocaust to the wars in Abhazia, East Asia, Iraq, Afghanistan, former Yugoslavia, Israel and Palestine, the chapters in this book address a rare selection of contexts and geographies from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives. In recent years, feminist scholarship has fundamentally changed the ways in which pasts, particularly violent pasts, have been conceptualized and narrated. Discussing the participation of women in war, sexual violence in times of conflict, the use of visual and dramatic representations in memory research, and the creative challenges to research and writing posed by feminist scholarship, Gendered Wars, Gendered Memories will appeal to scholars working at the intersection of military/war, memory, and gender studies, seeking to chart this emerging territory with ’feminist curiosity’.

Reviews

’For decades feminist historians have listened to stories of women narrating their experiences of war. This volume brilliantly shows us these narratives are part of a volatile memory, which forces us to reconsider any information that is narrated and to interrogate further meanings and possibilities. It is a major step in a field where truth� has become a particular and subjective truth.’ Selma Leydesdorff, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands ’With international scope and scholarship, this volume documents - pointedly, painfully, perceptively - how modern war and genocide assault women and, at times, implicate them as perpetrators of atrocity. Never minimizing the wreckage, the contributors salvage what remains - archival records, crucial memories, insistent responses - the ingredients necessary to press men as well as women to advance the protest and resistance demanded by the book’s tormenting and unforgettable findings.’ John K. Roth, Claremont McKenna College, USA ’This original and moving book pushes forward our current thinking and existing debates on the gendered memories of war and violence. Covering a range of different case studies and empirical contexts, the contributions offer timely and cutting-edge insights, creative methodologies and compelling analyses.’ Nadje Al-Ali, SOAS, University of London, UK ’In its transnational and interdisciplinary set of feminist engagements, this book fills a glaring gap in the study of how violent pasts are memorialized. It reorients the study of war, memory and gender by looking beyond lasting violence, to resistance, re-imagination and the future.’ Marianne Hirsch, Columbia University, USA

Table of Contents

List of Figures

Notes on Contributors

Acknowledgements

Foreword, (Cynthia Enloe)

Introduction: ’Uncomfortable Connections: Gender, Memory, War’, (Ayşe Gül Altınay and Andrea Petö)

Part I Sexual Violence: Silence, Narration, Resistance

Commentary: ‘Disassemble the Unthinkable to the Unthought’: Sexual Violence Narrated, (Andrea Petö)

1. The Historicity of Denial: Sexual Violence Against Jewish Women during the War of Annihilation, 1941-1945, (Regina Mühlhäuser)

2. Between Silence and Narration: European and Asian Women on War Brutalities in Japanese-Occupied Territories, (Felicia Yap)

3. The Female and Political Body in Pain: Sexual Torture and Gendered Trauma during the Greek Military Dictatorship (1967-1974), (Katherine Stefatos)

4. Silencing Sexual Violence and Vulnerability: Women’s Narratives of Incarceration during the 1980-1983 Military Junta in Turkey, (Bürge Abiral)

Part II Gendering Memories of War, Soldiering and Resistance

Commentary: Women’s Memories of Soldiering: An Intersectionality Perspective, (Orna Sasson-Levy)

5. Militarizing the Nation: Gender Politics of the Warsaw Uprising, (Weronika Grebalska)

6. The Italian Civil War in the Memoirs of Female Fascist Soldiers, (Gianluca Schiavo)

7. "We Left Our Skirts to Men as We Went to the Front": The Participation of Abkhazian Women from Turkey in the Abkhazian War, (Setenay Nil Doğan)

8. Militarized US Women from the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan: Citizenship, Homelessness, and the Construction of Public Memory in a Time of War, (Stephanie E. Yuhl)

Part III Fictionalizing and Visualizing Gendered Memories

Commentary: Unsettling Accounts: Fictionalizing and Visualizing Memories of War, (Banu Karaca)

9. Women's Memory of the Spanish Civil War: The Power of Words, (Sophie Milquet)

10. Forgotten Perpetrators: Photographs of Female Perpetrators After World War II, (Andrea Petö)

11. Testimonies of War and Love: The Work of Witnessing Imagination in Eve Ensler’s Play Necessary Targets and Jasmila Žbanić’s Film Grbavica, (Kornelia Slavova)

12. Conversations in Silence: Ceramic Installations Shaping the Visual and Political Imagination of Gendered Tsunami and Conflict Reconstruction Landscapes in Aceh, (Marjaana Jauhola)

Part IV Feminist Reimaginings

Commentary: Interrogating Memory and Evidence: An Intersectional Feminist Perspective, (Arlene Avakian)

13. NarratingWomen’s Bodies: Storying Silences and Secrets in the Aftermath of Genocide, (Hourig Attarian)

14. Women Living and Re-Living Armed Conflict: Exploring a Methodology for Spanning Time and Place, (Cynthia Cockburn)

About the Editors

Ayse Gül Altinay is Associate Professor of Cultural Anthropology in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Sabanci University and author of The Myth of the Military-Nation and co-author of The Grandchildren: The Hidden Legacy of Lost� Armenians in Turkey.

Andrea Peto is a professor in the Department of Gender Studies at the Central European University, Hungary and author of Women in Hungarian Politics, 1945-1951.

About the Series

The Feminist Imagination - Europe and Beyond

The Feminist Imagination - Europe and Beyond
With a specific focus on the notion of 'cultural translation' and 'travelling theory', this series operates on the assumption that ideas are shaped by the contexts in which they emerge, as well as by the ways that they 'travel' across borders and are received and re-articulated in new contexts. In demonstrating the complexity of the differences (and similarities) in feminist thought throughout Europe and between Europe and other parts of the world, the books in this series highlight the ways in which intellectual and political traditions, often read as homogeneous, are more often heterogeneous. It therefore provides a forum for the latest work that engages with the European experience, illuminating the various exchanges (from the USA as well as Europe) that have informed European feminism. The series thus allows for an international discussion about the history and imaginary of Europe from perspectives within and outside Europe, examining not only Europe's colonial legacy, but also the various forms of 'cultural imperialism' that have shaped societies outside Europe. Considering aspects of Europe 'abroad' as well as Europe 'at home', this series is committed to publishing work that reveals the central and continued importance of the genealogy of feminist ideas to feminism and all those interested in questions of gender.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC032000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Gender Studies
TEC025000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Military Science