1st Edition

General Aviation Security Aircraft, Hangars, Fixed-Base Operations, Flight Schools, and Airports

By Daniel J. Benny, Ph.D Copyright 2013
    347 Pages 45 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    After 9/11, the initial focus from the U.S. government, media, and the public was on security at commercial airports and aboard commercial airlines. Soon, investigation revealed the hijackers had trained at flight schools operating out of general aviation airports, leading to a huge outcry by the media and within the government to mandate security regulations for this flight sector. General Aviation Security: Aircraft, Hangars, Fixed-Base Operations, Flight Schools, and Airports examines the threats against general aviation (GA) and presents resources for security professionals and GA airport owners and operators to develop an impenetrable airport and aircraft security plan.

    Following an overview of general aviation and its inherent security threats, the book explores:

    • Physical security for the aviation environment, including intrusion detection systems, cameras, locks, lighting, and window security
    • The security force, including recruitment and training
    • Security of general aviation aircraft and airports, including runway security and fuel storage
    • Airport safety regulations such as the Workers Protection Act and the Bloodborne Pathogens Act
    • Emergency response to a range of scenarios, including medical emergencies, fires, gas leaks, and bomb threats
    • The security of hangars, fixed-base operations, and flight schools
    • Corporate aviation security departments

    The book concludes with a study involving the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) Airport Watch Program and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) security requirements and recommendations for general aviation.

    General aviation supports public safety, business, agriculture, commercial airports, aeronautical education, and many aspects of the aviation industry. The book is the first to explore the unique security concerns relevant to general aviation operations.

    Dr. Daniel J. Benny was interviewed on video by General Aviation Security Magazine about his article concerning the effects of the Airport Watch Program.

    General Aviation
    General Aviation Aircraft
    General Aviation Airports
    Fixed-Base Operator
    Flight Schools
    Importance of General Aviation
    Public Safety
    Economic Development
    Feeder Airport
    Promotion of Aviation and Education
    Personal Use
    The Threat from General Aviation
    The Security Threat to General Aviation
    Security Threats Against Individuals in the Aviation Environment
    Security Threats Against Aircraft
    Security Threats Against General Aviation Airports
    Security Threats Against Hangars
    Security Threats Against the Fixed-Base Operation
    Security Threats Against the Flight School
    Security Threat from Terrorists Using General Aviation Aircraft
    Terrorism and Counterterrorism
    International Terrorist Organizations
    Physical Security for the Aviation Environment
    Deter Entry
    Delay Entry
    Detect Entry
    Intrusion Detections System
    Electromagnetic Contacts
    Glass Breakage
    Passive Infrared
    Capacitance Proximity
    Integrated Fire Protection Sensors
    Natural Gas and Carbon Monoxide Detectors
    Water Flow
    Security Cameras
    Transmission of the Signal
    Digital Recording
    Motion Detection
    Determining Total System Cost of the Security System
    System Design Cost
    System Installation Cost
    System Operational Cost
    Maintenance Cost
    Replacement Cost
    Locks and Key Control
    Mechanical Locks
    Wafer Tumbler Lock
    Dial Combination Lock
    High-Security Dead-Bolt Lock
    Card Access Electrified Locks
    Exit Locks
    Master Locking System
    Control of Keys and Locking Devices
    Security Barriers and Fencing
    Security Lighting
    New Fluorescent (to Replace the Incandescent)
    Mercury Vapor
    Sodium Vapor
    Window Security
    Annealed Glass
    Wire-Reinforced Glass
    Tempered Glass
    Laminated Glass
    Annealed Glass with Security Film
    Bullet-Resistant Material
    Other Window Security
    Airport/Corporate Aviation Security Force
    Chief Security Officer
    Determining the Size of the Security Force
    Mission of the Security Force
    Airport Profile and Security Threat
    Size of the Airport
    Hours of Operation
    Number of Employees, Visitors, Pilots, Aircraft
    Proprietary Security Force
    Contract Security Force
    Security Force Uniforms
    Security Force Identification
    Security Force Protective Equipment
    Security Force Training
    Professional Security Certifications
    Security Force Recruitment and Supervision
    Security of General Aviation Aircraft
    Aircraft Threat Assessment and Security Plan
    Aircraft Documentation
    Avionics Documentation
    Aircraft Key Control and Locking Devices
    Aircraft Intrusion Detection Systems
    Aircraft Access and Baggage Control
    Aircraft Maintenance Security
    In-Flight Security
    Remain-Overnight Security
    Security of General Aviation Airports
    General Aviation Airport Threat Assessment and Security Plan
    Security Awareness and Training
    Airport Perimeter Security
    Airport Access and Key Control
    Airport Security Signage
    Airport Security Lighting
    Airport Security Cameras
    Runway Security
    Aircraft Tie-Down and Ramp Area Security
    Fuel Storage Security
    Aerial Working Chemical Storage Security
    Internet Security
    Airport Safety
    General Aviation Safety Policy
    Safety Culture
    Safety Program
    Safety Coordinator
    Safety and Fire Inspections
    General Aviation Aircraft Ground Safety
    Fire Protection Equipment
    Fire Evacuation Plans and Drills
    Right-to-Know Workers Protection Act
    Hazardous Chemical Inventory
    Material Safety Data Sheets
    Container Marking
    Hazardous Communications/Right-to-Know Training

    Bloodborne Pathogens Act
    Bloodborne Pathogens Policy
    Availability of the Bloodborne Pathogens Policy to Employees
    Review and Update of the Policy
    Exposure Determination
    Universal Precautions and Engineering Controls
    Hepatitis B Vaccination Program
    Postexposure Evaluation and Follow-Up Information Provided to the Health Care Professional
    Health Care Professional’s Written Evaluation
    Medical Record Keeping
    Labels and Signs
    Information and Training
    Hazardous Waste Management
    Emergency Response
    Response to A General Aviation Aircraft Accident
    Medical Emergencies
    Responding to Medical Emergencies
    Treatment of the Victim
    Vehicle Accidents
    Notification of Fire
    Securing the Scene
    Replacement of Extinguishers
    Natural Gas Leaks
    Important Safety Precautions
    Severe Weather and Natural Disasters
    Bomb Threats
    Notification and Evacuation
    Bomb Search
    Notification of Bomb Disposal Unit
    Hostage Situation
    Security of General Aviation Hangars
    Hangar Security and Safety
    Fire Protection
    Security of Fixed-Base Operation
    General Security Matters
    Ramp Security Measures
    Fixed-Base Operator Security Coordinator
    Fixed-Base Security Coordinator Training
    Aircraft Security
    Aircraft Rentals
    Transient Pilots
    Reporting Suspicious Activity
    Security of the Flight School
    Transportation Security Administration Security Requirement for Flight Schools
    Security Awareness and Training
    Access and Key Control
    Security Signage
    Security Lighting
    Security Cameras
    Intrusion Detection Systems
    Corporate Aviation Security Department
    Aircraft Security
    Corporate Remain-Overnight Security
    Executive and Staff Travel Security
    Travel Preparations
    Sources of Information
    Hotel Security
    Personal Security In A Foreign Country
    Personal Conduct
    Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Airport Watch
    Components of the AOPA Airport Watch
    A Study of the AOPA Airport Watch
    Research Questions and Hypotheses
    Research Question 1
    Statement of the Problem
    Recommendations of the Study
    Transportation Security Administration Security Requirements and Recommendations for General Aviation
    Department of Homeland National Terrorism Advisory System
    National Terrorism Advisory System Alerts
    Sunset Provision
    Transportation Security Administration Large Aircraft Security Program
    Transportation Security Administration General Aviation Secure Program
    Transportation Security Administration Secure Fixed-Base Operator Program
    DCA Access Standard Security Program
    The Transportation Security Administration Private Charter Standard Security Program
    Maryland Three Program
    Transportation Security Administration Flight School Training Requirements
    General Aviation Security Resources
    Governmental Organizations with Aviation Security Resources
    Department of Homeland Security: Transportation Security Administration
    Federal Aviation Administration
    Federal Bureau of Investigation
    U.S. Department of State
    Professional Aviation and Security Organizations
    American Society for Industrial Security International
    Airlines for America (Formerly Air Transport Association)
    Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association
    American Association of Airport Executives
    Aviation Crime Prevention Institute
    International Association for Counterterrorism and Security Professionals

    Aviation Security: Higher Education
    Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (Daytona, Prescott, Worldwide Campuses)
    Aviation Security Education and Training
    Aviation Security Publications
    Aviation Security International Magazine
    General Aviation Security Magazine
    Appendix A: Global Terrorist Groups
    Appendix B: Sample General Aviation Airport Security Plan
    Appendix C: The Impact of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association Airport Watch Program on Crime at Pennsylvania General Aviation Airports


    Daniel J. Benny, Ph.D. is the security discipline chair at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. He is board certified in security management as a Certified Protection Professional (CPP), board certified as a Professional Certified Investigator (PCI), both by ASIS International; Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners; Certified Confidentiality Officer (CCO) by the Business Espionage Controls and Countermeasures Association; and Certified Member (CM) Airport Certified Employee-Security (ACE) and Airport Security Coordinator by the American Association of Airport Executives. He is also a licensed private investigator and security consultant. Dr. Benny has authored numerous books and articles on security, aviation, and intelligence topics. He served as a U.S. Naval Intelligence Officer at the Office of Naval Intelligence, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, Willow Grove Naval Air Station, Fleet Rapid Support Team, and Central Intelligence Agency. He is a Federal Aviation Administration licensed private pilot and safety team representative. Dr. Benny is a Cessna C-172 aircraft owner and holds the rank of major with the U.S. Air Force Auxiliary Civil Air Patrol.

    "Dr. Benny gives the reader practical slices of airport and general aviations operations … the various organizations, agencies, and associations found at general aviation airports.  This is a practical primer which will bring the general aviation security novice up-to-speed on applicable federal regulations, current topics, and generally accepted practices." —GA Security Magazine