As early pioneers in the use of digital geographic data, many local governments in the UK were ahead of their counterparts in central government and the private sector in the application of GIS technology. To meet current challenges, local authorities must coordinate the latest technology with effective information management strategies, human and cultural issues, and organizational structures and processes. Geographic Information Management in Local Government examines the factors that are necessary to ensure that real benefits are delivered from the improved availability of geographic information.
Written by two practitioners with extensive government experience, this four-part book examines supporting technology, the data that fuels it, and the human factors that help or hinder successful GIS implementation. Exploring the history of geographic information management in local government, this volume offers a pragmatic overview of the subject and what local authorities need to do in order to be successful.
The Introduction covers the emergence of Geographic Information Management (GIM) and GIS in local government and explains why they are important. Part 2 explains the key elements of human and organizational issues, data, the technology toolbox, GIS selection and implementation, and coordinating mechanisms. Part 3 provides in-depth analyses of nine case studies on the use of technology by local UK authorities. Part 4 looks forward to the prospects and challenges for further GIM by local governments.
INTRODUCTION. The background to geographic information management in local government. The development of GIS in local government. KEY ELEMENTS OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION MANAGEMENT. Organizational content. Spatial data. Technology. Approaches to GIS justification, selection, and implementation. Coordinating mechanisms. THE CASE STUDIES. Introduction to the case studies. Case study—Bristol city council. Case study—Southampton city council. Case study—Leeds city council. Case study—Newcastle city council. Case study—Aylesbury Vale district council. Case study—Shepway district council. Case study—London Borough of Enfield. Case study—London Borough of Harrow. Case study—Powys county council. Future prospects and challenges.