This collection addresses the impact of armed conflict and explores pathways to peace across the world. Topics range from geopolitics to the effects of armed conflict on the environment, resources, health, children, and transnational migration. Others explore the social processes involved in post-conflict situations, and others still the lessons for achieving effective peace. The geographical concepts addressed include the notion of "conflict space," landscapes of terror, the relationship between violence and justice, the conditions for peace, and the dynamics of post-conflict. Methods include landscape analysis, interviews with a range of citizens, mapping and geographic information science, and policy analysis. Several papers address the situation of children in conflict zones, the impact of conflict on patterns of migration, the role of gender in achieving peace, the concept of territory as a basis for conflict and for negotiation of peace, as well as the economic impact of conflict. The studies cover several world regions, including Africa, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, and eastern Europe.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Annals of the Association of American Geographers.
Table of Contents
I. Editorial 1. Geographies of Peace and Armed Conflict: Introduction, Audrey Kobayashi II. Articles 2. Conceptualizing ConflictSpace: Toward a Geography of Relational Power and Embeddedness in the Analysis of Interstate Conflict, Colin Flint, Paul Diehl, Juergen Scheffran, John Vasquez, and Sang-hyun Chi 3. Oil Prices, Scarcity, and Geographies of War, Philippe Le Billon and Alejandro Cervantes 4. Mobilizing Rivers: Hydro-Electricity, the State, and World War II in Canada, Matthew Evenden 5. Practicing Radical Geopolitics: Logics of Power and the Iranian Nuclear “Crisis”, Julien Mercille and Alun Jones 6. “A Microscopic Insurgent”: Militarization, Health, and Critical Geographies of Violence, Jenna M. Loyd 7. The Political Utility of the Nonpolitical Child in Sri Lanka’s Armed Conflict, Margo Kleinfeld 8. Terror, Territory, and Deterritorialization: Landscapes of Terror and the Unmaking of State Power in the Mozambican “Civil” War, Elizabeth Lunstrum 9. The Geography of Conflict and Death in Belfast, Northern Ireland, Victor Mesev, Peter Shirlow, and Joni Downs 10. What Counts as the Politics and Practice of Security, and Where? Devolution and Immigrant Insecurity after 9/11, Mathew Coleman 11. Embedded Empire: Structural Violence and the Pursuit of Justice in East Timor, Joseph Nevins 12. Armed Conflict and Resolutions in Southern Thailand, May Tan-Mullins 13. Crafting Liberal Peace? International Peace Promotion and the Contextual Politics of Peace in Sri Lanka, Kristian Stokke 14. “Nature Knows No Boundaries”: A Critical Reading of UNDP Environmental Peacemaking in Cyprus, Emel Akc¸alı and Marco Antonsich 15. Innovative Approaches to Territorial Disputes: Using Principles of Riparian Conflict Management, Shaul Cohen and David Frank 16. Walls as Technologies of Government: The Double Construction of Geographies of Peace and Conflict in Israeli Politics, 2002–Present, Samer Alatout 17. Citizenship in the Line of Fire: Protective Accompaniment, Proxy Citizenship, and Pathways for Transnational Solidarity in Guatemala, Victoria L. Henderson 18. Staging Peace Through a Gendered Demonstration: Women in Black in Haifa, Israel, Orna Blumen and Sharon Halevi 19. “Foreign Passports Only”: Geographies of (Post)Conflict Work in Kabul, Afghanistan, Jennifer Fluri 20. Territorial Tensions: Rainforest Conservation, Postconflict Recovery, and Land Tenure in Liberia, Leif Brottem and Jon Unruh 21. Halfway to Nowhere: Liberian Former Child Soldiers in a Ghanaian Refugee Camp, LucindaWoodward and Peter Galvin 22. Reconciliation in Conflict-Affected Societies: Multilevel Modeling of Individual and Contextual Factors in the North Caucasus of Russia, Kristin M. Bakke, John O’Loughlin, and Michael D. Ward 23. “Post”-Conflict Displacement: Isolation and Integration in Georgia, Beth Mitchneck, Olga V. Mayorova, and Joanna Regulska 24. Satellite Data Methods and Application in the Evaluation of War Outcomes: Abandoned Agricultural Land in Bosnia-Herzegovina After the 1992–1995 Conflict, Frank D. W. Witmer and John O’Loughlin 25. After Ethnic Cleansing: Return Outcomes in Bosnia-Herzegovina a Decade Beyond War, Gearoid ´O Tuathail and John O’Loughlin
Audrey Kobayashi is a Professor and Research Chair of Geography at Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario. She served as editor of the People, Place, and Region section of the Annals of the Association of American Geographers from 2002-2011, and is currently President of the Association of American Geographers. Her research, writing, and teaching address issues of human rights, especially around questions of migration, racism, and gender.