This book will address concepts and techniques for preparation and disposal of low- (LLW) and intermediate-level (ILW) radioactive waste from the nuclear industry, the weapons industry, university labs, research institutes, and from the commercial industry. It will aid decision-makers in finding optimal technical/economical solutions, including how site investigations, design, construction, identification and selection of construction materials (clay and concrete), and monitoring can be made. It will also examine techniques for isolating soil and rock contaminated by leaking nuclear plants and from damaged nuclear reactors such as those at the Fukushima and Chernobyl nuclear plants.
"Geologic Disposal of Low- and Intermediate-Level Radioactive Waste is very valuable…. IAEA published the technical reports on disposal of Low-and Intermediate-Level radioactive waste. But this book is obviously more instructive for the studies of disposal and safety management of radioactive wastes generated form NPPs. It would also ensure the confidence of publics respecting to the safety operation of reactors."
— Xiaodong Liu, East China University of Technology, Shanghai, China
"I believe that this book will be a new chart for the future radioactive disposal management."
— Masashi Kamon, Research Institute for Environmental Geotechnics, Japan
"Many works on radioactive waste management focus on specialist details. Geologic Disposal of Low- and Intermediate-Level Radioactive Waste provides the fuller picture. This book takes radioactive waste management from the sphere of the researcher to reality in the field."
— Stephan Jefferis, Environmental Geotechnics Ltd., Oxford, United Kingdom
"I was favorably impressed by the thoroughness, recommendations, and case history illustrations of discussed topics; i.e., site investigation, design schemes, construction considerations, and monitoring for LLW and ILW disposal both above and underground in soil or rock. The book is a valuable, understandable source for engineers dealing with the design of economical solutions to the disposal of nuclear wastes."
— Frank C. Townsend, University of Florida, USA
"This is a valuable reference for practitioners and researchers involved in the design of safe, long-term disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste. In addition, the book’s clear and comprehensive approach allows for seamless integration of the material in graduate-level courses."
— Kristin M. Sample-Lord, Villanova University, Pennsylvania, USA
Radioactivity and Radioactive Substances. Introduction. Low-level and Intermediate-level Radioactive Wastes. Definition, Characterization and Classification of LLW and ILW. Health Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation on Biological Objects. LLW-ILW Management and Regulatory Requirements. Handling and Transport of LLW and ILW. Isolation of LLW and ILW. Regulatory Requirements. Management-Disposal Schemes. Systems for Transport and Temporary Storage of LLW and ILW. Site Investigation and Principles of Site Assessment. Licensed, Constructed and Operating Systems for Disposal of LLW and ILW. Worst Possible Scenarios. Ground Stability, Longevity of Isolating Components. Science-Engineering-Technological Background and Development for Selection of Optimal Waste Isolation System. Identifying Processes and Mechanisms in Candidate LLW and ILW Waste Isolation Systems. Conceptual and Theoretical Modelling of the Performance of Systems. Safety and Long-Term Issues. Topographic and Hydrological Changes of the Transport Paths of Chemicals. Degradation of Isolating Components of Systems for Disposal of LLW and ILW. Selection and Application of Dose Criteria for Public and Governmental Acceptance of Systems. Risk of Radioactive Contamination in Shallow Ground.