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Geology for Ground Engineering Projects





ISBN 9781466585492
Published May 2, 2016 by CRC Press
293 Pages 562 Color Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Bridges the Gap between Geology and Ground Engineering

High-quality geological models are crucial for ground engineering projects, but many engineers are not always at ease with the geological terminology and analysis presented in these models, nor with their implications and limitations. Project engineers need to have a sound comprehension of the geological models presented to them, and to be able to discuss the models in so far as they might impinge on the design, safety and possible budgetary or time constraints of the project. They should also fully understand how site investigation data and samples are used to develop and substantiate geological models.

Geology for Ground Engineering Projects provides a comprehensive presentation of, and insight into, the critical geological phenomena that may be encountered in many engineering projects, for example rock contact relationships, weathering and karst phenomena in tropical areas, composition of fault zones and variability of rock discontinuities. Examples are provided from around the world, including Southeast Asia, Europe, North and South America, China and India.

Comprehensive and well-illustrated, this definitive book:

  • Describes the important geological phenomena that could affect ground engineering projects
  • Provides a practical knowledge-base for relevant geological processes
  • Addresses common geological issues and concerns

Rocks are described in relation to the environment of their formation, highlighting the variation in composition, distribution and geotechnical properties that can be expected within a variety of rock associations. Case studies, where geology has been a vital factor, are included. These are written by the project engineers or geologists responsible for the projects. Geology for Ground Engineering Projects is well illustrated with color diagrams and photographs. Readers are directed to satellite images of selected areas to explore for themselves many of the geological features described in this book.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Framework of the Book
The Geological Model
Site Investigation Samples

Geological Fundamentals
Engineering Considerations
Geological Time
Plate Tectonics
Sea Level Changes
Geological Histories
Stratigraphic Nomenclature

Geological Maps
Engineering Considerations
Types of Geological Map
Making a Geological Map
Geological Map Interpretation

Sedimentary Rocks
Engineering Considerations
Sedimentary Environments
Diagenesis
Sedimentary Rock Characteristics
Clastic Sedimentary Rocks
Biological Sedimentary Rocks
Chemical Sedimentary Rocks

Intrusive Igneous Rocks
Engineering Considerations
Composition of Intrusive Igneous Rocks
Texture and Fabric of Intrusive Igneous Rocks
Plutonic Rocks
Dyke Rocks

Extrusive Igneous Rocks
Engineering Considerations
Geometry of Volcanic Deposits
Composition of Volcanic Rocks
Lavas
Pyroclastic Deposits
Structures within Hot Volcanic Rocks
Lahars
Fumaroles

Metamorphic and Hydrothermal Rocks
Engineering Considerations
Contact Metamorphism
Dynamic Metamorphism
Hydrothermal Alteration
Veins

Faults
Engineering Considerations
Fault Geometry
Fault Systems, Arrays and Zones
Fault Composition

Discontinuities
Engineering Considerations
Compositional Layering
Joints
Joint Characteristics
Foliation

Folds
Engineering Considerations
Fold Nomenclature
Fold Classification
Fold Geometry
Transposition Structures

Weathered Rocks
Engineering Considerations
Saprolite
Duricrust
Weathering Profiles
Weathering Characteristics
Clays in the Weathering Profile

Karst
Engineering Considerations
Karst Morphology
Karst Deposits

Superficial Deposits
Engineering Considerations
Alluvium
Colluvium
Shallow-Water Marine Deposits
Windblown Deposits
Lake Deposits
Evaporite Deposits
Glacial Deposits
Peat
References

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Chris J. N. Fletcher is a consulting geologist based in Wales. He graduated from St Andrew’s University in Scotland, and then moved to Canada to complete an MSc at Queen’s University and a PhD at the University of British Columbia. Most of his career has been with the British Geological Survey, both in the UK and overseas. He then became director of the Hong Kong Geological Survey and later managed his own geological consulting company. He was an Honorary Professor at universities in Hong Kong and China, where he presented graduate and professional development courses.

Reviews

"This is an extremely well-written book and is beautifully illustrated in colour throughout."
—J. S. Griffiths in Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology

"The book provides a succinct summary of key geological features that are likely to impact ground engineering projects. [It] utilizes a range of well-illustrated case studies to highlight and, importantly, summarize the importance of accurate geological description, understanding of the geological history and a summary of key engineering considerations for each of the sites considered."
—Professor John Coggan, University of Exeter, UK

"The book deals with the 'so what?' questions brilliantly."
—C K Lau, Fong On Geotechnics, Hong Kong

"The book is well illustrated and the author’s passion for the subject is clear...Whilst the book is primarily aimed at civil engineering students, it would also benefit students of engineering geology."
—Steve Parry in Bull Eng Geol Environ

"The author’s exceptional wealth of experience and ability to explain complex geologic principles in clear, concise language cannot be overstated."
—M. S. Field, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency  in CHOICE

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