1st Edition

Geomechanics in Soil, Rock, and Environmental Engineering

By John Small Copyright 2016
    563 Pages 450 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    564 Pages
    by CRC Press

    Utilizes both Computer- and Hand-Based Calculations…

    Modern practice in geomechanics is becoming increasingly reliant on computer-based software, much of which can be obtained through the Internet. In Geomechanics in Soil, Rock, and Environmental Engineering the application of these numerical techniques is examined not only for soil mechanics, but also for rock mechanics and environmental applications.

    … For Use in Complex Analysis

    It deals with the modern analysis of shallow foundations, deep foundations, retaining structures, and excavation and tunneling. In recent years, the environment has become more and more important, and so it also deals with municipal and mining waste and solutions for the disposal and containment of the waste. Many fresh solutions to problems are presented to enable more accurate and advanced designs to be carried out.

    A Practical Reference for Industry Professionals, This Illuminating Book:

    • Offers a broad range of coverage in soil mechanics, rock mechanics, and environmental engineering
    • Incorporates the author‘s more than 40 years of academic and practical design experience
    • Describes the latest applications that have emerged in the last ten years
    • Supplies references readily available online for futher research

    Geomechanics in Soil, Rock, and Environmental Engineering should appeal to students in their final undergraduate course in geomechanics or master’s students, and should also serve as a useful reference to practitioners in the field of geomechanics, reflecting the author’s background in both industry and academia.

    Basic Concepts

    Basic Definitions
    Soil Tests
    Direct Shear Tests
    Consolidation Tests

    Finite Layer Methods

    Approximation of Fourier Coefficients
    Solution Procedure
    Three-Dimensional Problems
    Consolidation Problems
    Fourier Transforms

    Finite Element Methods

    Types of Elements
    Steady State Seepage
    Stress Analysis
    Consolidation Analysis
    Numerical Integration
    Elastic–Perfectly Plastic Models
    Work Hardening Models
    Effective Stress Analysis Using Cam Clay Type Models
    Cam Clay Type Models
    Undrained Analysis
    Finite Element Analysis

    Site Investigation and In Situ Testing

    Exploration Methods
    Site Investigation
    Object of Site Investigation
    Category of Investigation
    Planning an Investigation
    Preparing Cost Estimates for the Work
    Detailed Exploration
    Presentation of Information (Logs)
    Excavation or Drilling Methods
    Sampling Methods
    Rock Coring
    Field Tests
    Vane Shear Test
    Standard Penetration Test
    Cone Penetrometers
    Interpretation of Cone Data
    Liquefaction Potential
    Geophysical Methods
    Magnetic Surveying
    Ground Probing Radar
    Seismic Borehole Techniques
    Cross-Hole Techniques
    Other Seismic Devices

    Shallow Foundations

    Types of Shallow Foundations
    Bearing Capacity
    Numerical Analysis
    Numerical Approaches
    Raft Foundations
    Reactive Soils
    Cold Climates

    Deep Foundations

    Types of Piles
    Pile Driving Equipment
    Problems with Driven Piles
    Problems from Soil Displacement
    Non-Displacement Piles
    Design Considerations
    Selection of Pile Type
    Designs of Piles
    Single Piles
    Methods Based on Field Tests
    Pile Groups
    Piles in Rock
    Settlement of Single Piles
    Interaction of Piles
    Assessment of Parameters
    Lateral Resistance of Piles
    Laterally Loaded Pile Groups
    Displacement of Laterally Loaded Piles
    Deflection of Pile Groups
    Estimation of Soil Properties
    Load Testing of Piles
    Pile Load Tests
    Dynamic Pile Testing
    Pile Integrity Tests
    Capabilities of Pile Test Procedures
    Number of Piles Tested
    Test Interpretation
    Monitoring of Piled Foundations
    Measurement Techniques
    Comparison with Predicted Performance
    Interpretation and Portrayal of Measurements
    Piled Rafts
    Uses of Piled Rafts
    Design Considerations
    Bearing Capacity of Piled Rafts
    Analysis of Piled Raft Foundations
    Example of the Finite Layer Method
    Structural Stiffness

    Slope Stability

    Slip Circle Analysis
    Non-Circular Failure Surfaces
    Wedge Analysis
    Plasticity Theory
    Upper- and Lower-Bound Solutions
    Finite Element and Finite Difference Solutions
    Seismic Effects
    Factors of Safety
    Slope Stabilisation Techniques
    Stability Charts

    Types of Excavation Support
    Stability of Excavations
    Base Heave for Cuts in Clay
    Ground Settlement Caused By Excavation
    Effect of Shape of Excavation
    Forces on Braced Excavations
    Stability of Slurry-Filled Trenches
    Numerical Analysis
    Excavation Including Groundwater
    Soil Models

    Retaining Structures

    Earth Pressure Calculation
    Effect of Water
    Surface Loads
    Sheet Pile Walls
    Anchored Walls
    Reinforced Earth
    Computer Methods

    Soil Improvement

    Soft Soils
    Surcharging and Wick Drains
    Column-Supported Embankments
    Controlled Modulus Columns
    Dynamic Compaction
    Deep Soil Mixing
    Jet Grouting
    Other Methods
    Numerical Analysis

    Environmental Geomechanics

    Compacted Clay Liners
    Flexible Membrane Liners
    Geosynthetic Clay Liners
    Stability of Liners
    Processes Controlling Pollutant Transfer
    Finite Layer Solutions
    Mining Waste

    Basic Rock Mechanics

    Engineering Properties of Rocks
    Failure Criterion for Rock
    Classification of Rocks and Rock Masses
    Planes of Weakness
    Underground Excavation
    Rock Slopes
    Foundations on Rock
    Vibration through Rock
    Numerical Methods



    John Small is Emeritus Professor of geotechnical engineering at the University of Sydney. He has worked as a university researcher and teacher and has also spent time working as a senior geotechnical engineer for a large multi-discipline engineering consultant, thus gaining both practical and academic experience. He has carried out the design of many large engineering projects notably foundations for tall buildings.

    "… covers some topics which are not to be found in other texts, for example, the design of working platforms, foundations on fissured soils, and the material on excavation analysis including groundwater… suitable for more advanced undergraduate courses and post-graduate courses in geotechnical engineering."
    —Harry Poulos, Senior Consultant, Coffey International

    "Small’s text covers a broad range of information available to help assess the properties and strength of soil, rock, and environmental controls encountered in certain types of construction applications. In 12 chapters (some with associated appendixes), Small (emer., geotechnical engineering, Univ. of Sydney, Australia) covers the basic concepts and tests
    used in soil mechanics, describes finite layer and finite element method mathematical techniques, presents site investigation requirements, and examines sample collection and lab and field testing methods. Information on analyses and considerations associated with shallow and deep foundations, slope stability, excavations, retaining structures, soil improvement, and geotechnical aspects related to disposal of municipal, industrial, and mining wastes are also provided. The last chapter presents methods needed for testing rock, along with the analyses and considerations recommended for construction in rock. Ample equations, figures, photographs, graphs, and tables fully support the text, as do generous references and a substantial index. The text assumes a fundamental knowledge of geomechanics and would benefit from a glossary. The strength of the text is in the broad coverage of the presented information; however, a few chapters lack meaningful introductions that would help provide a framework for their content."
    CHOICE, December 2016