It has been increasingly impossible to think about our changing world without coming across the term 'geopolitics'. In the wake of the invasion and occupation of Iraq by the United States, United Kingdom, and others, geopolitics has been offered as an explanation for the occupation's failure to reinvent the Iraqi state and as a blueprint for future action. But what is 'geopolitics'?
Drawing both on academic and political material, this book introduces readers to the concept of geopolitics, from the first usage of the term to its more recent reconceptualisations. The concept of geopolitics is introduced through four thematic sections - Imperial Geopolitics, Cold War Geopolitics, Geopolitics after the Cold War and Reconceptualising Geopolitics. Each section includes key writings from a range of diverse and leading authors such as Said, Agnew, Dalby, O Tuathail, Gregory, Barnett and Kaplan, and is accompanied by a critical introduction by the editors to guide the reader through the material. This Reader establishes the foundations of geopolitics while also introducing readers to the continuing significance of the concept in the 21st century.
This Reader provides an essential resource that exposes students to original writing. The Editors provide a pathway through the material with Section Introductions to assist the readers understanding of the context of the material and impacts of the writings. The readings included draw from a range of authors, writing from a range of locations. The Reader concludes with the latest changes in geopolitical thought, incorporating feminist and other perspectives.
Table of Contents
Section 1: Imperial Geopolitics 1. The Influence of Seapower on History Alfred Thayer Mahan 2. The Geographical Pivot of History Halford Mackinder 3. Influences of Geographic Environment Ellen Churchill Semple 4. Geopolitics and Empire Gerry Kearns 5. What Geography Ought To Be Peter Kropotkin 6. Some Rules of Satyagraha Mohandas Gandhi 7. Why Geopolitik? Karl Haushofer 8. Geography versus Geopolitics Isaiah Bowman 9. Japanese Geopolitics in the 1930s and 1940s Keiichi Takeuchi 10. Orientalism Edward Said 11. America is Safe While its Boys and Girls Believe its Creeds! Jason Dittmer Section 2: Cold War Geopolitics 12. The Sources of Soviet Conduct George Kennan 13. The Domino Principle Dwight D. Eisenhower 14. Anti-Domino Patrick O’Sullivan 15. Diplomacy Henry Kissinger 16. Brezhnev Doctrine Leonid Brezhnev 17. Non-alignment in the 1970s Julius Nyerere 18. An Illustration of Geographical Warfare Yves Lacoste 19. Geopolitics and Discourse Gearoid Ó Tuathail and John Agnew 20. Policy Statement Committee on the Present Danger 21. Publishing American Identity Joanne Sharp 22. Homeward Bound Elaine Tyler May 23. Between Regions: Science, Militarism, and American Geography from World War to Cold War Trevor Barnes and Matthew Farish 24. Common European Home Mikhail Gorbachev Section 3: Geopolitics After the Cold War 25. Clash of Civilisations Samuel Huntington 26. Clash of Ignorance Edward Said 27. The Coming Anarchy Robert Kaplan 38. Reading 'The Coming Anarchy' Simon Dalby 39. The Pentagon’s New Map Thomas Barnett 40. Neoliberal Geopolitics Sue Roberts, Anna Secor and Matt Sparke 41. The Colonial Present Derek Gregory 42. What Counts as the Politics and Practice of Security, and Where? Matthew Coleman 43. Geopolitics by Another Name Caroline Nagel 44. Emerging China and Critical Geopolitics John Agnew 45. The Uncertain state(s) of Europe Luisa Bialasiewicz 46. The New Geopolitics of Disease: Between Global Health and Global Security Allan Ingram 47. Geopolitical Economy of Resource Wars Phillippe Le Billon 48. Icy Geopolitics Klause Dodds Section 4: Reconceptualising Geopolitics A Feminist Geopolitics? Lorraine Dowler and Joanne Sharp 49. Globalized Fear? Rachel Pain 50. Geopolitics and Family in Palestine Chris Harker 51. The Question of ‘The Political’ in Critical Geopolitics Jennifer Hyndman 52. Affectivity and Geopolitical Images Sean Carter and Derek McCormack 53. After Geopolitics? Deborah Cowen and Neil Smith 54. Religion and Geopolitics John Agnew 55. Militarism, Just War, or Nonviolence? Nick Megoran 56. Anthropocene Geopolitics Simon Dalby 57. In Defence of the Heartland Colin Gray 58. The Revenge of Geography Robert Kaplan
Dr Jason Dittmer is Reader in Human Geography, Department of Geography, University College London, UK.
Professor Jo Sharp is Professor of Geography, School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, UK.