1st Edition

Gifts and Commodities Exchange and Western Capitalism Since 1700

By James G. Carrier Copyright 1995
    260 Pages
    by Routledge

    256 Pages
    by Routledge

    Three hundred years ago people made most of what they used, or got it in trade from their neighbours. Now, no one seems to make anything, and we buy what we need from shops. Gifts and Commodities describes the cultural and historical process of these changes and looks at the rise of consumer society in Britain and the United States. It investigates the ways that people think about and relate to objects in twentieth-century culture, at how those relationships have developed, and the social meanings they have for relations with others.

    Using aspects of anthropology and sociology to describe the importance of shopping and gift-giving in our lives and in western economies, Gifts and Commodities:
    * traces the development of shopping and retailing practices, and the emergence of modern notions of objects and the self
    * brings together a wealth of information on the history of the retail trade
    * examines the reality of the distinctions we draw between the impersonal economic sphere and personal social sphere
    * offers a fully interdisciplinary study of the links we forge between ourselves, our social groups and the commodities we buy and give.

    Chapter 1 Introduction; Chapter 2 Gifts and Commodities, People and Things; Chapter 3 Changing Production Relations; Chapter 4 Changing Circulation Relations; Chapter 5 Changing Circulation Relations; Chapter 6 The Work of Appropriation; Chapter 7 Presenting Commodities in Catalogues; Chapter 8 The Ideology of the Gift; Chapter 9 Christmas and the Ceremony of the Gift; Chapter 10 Conclusion;


    James G. Carrier

    `This book is an ingenious exploration, based on turning an old anthropological theme upside down. ... His writing is always clear, sinewy, and comprehensible, on this as on all the topics he tackles.' - Andrew J Strathern American ethnologist

    `...an engaging and invigorating challenge which raises issues that are-or should be-of fundamental concern to business historians and others interested in the history of retailing and shopping' - John Benson, Business History