Originally published in 1969, Gladstone and Kruger examines British reactions to the Afrikaner nationalism. Beginning with the first Anglo-Boer war of 1880-81, it examines the formulation of policy after the British defeat at Majuba Hill. A that moment, the dangers of a pan-Afrikaner revolt in the Transvaal, Orange Free State and Cape Province seemed imminent, and the British presence in southern Africa seemed very much at risk. Schreuder shows how the devolution of metropolitan Imperial power on to local ministries conflicted with the Whig concern for the preservation of British dominance and prestige abroad and provides a commentary on the Liberal response to the Irish problem.
Table of Contents
1. Boer and Briton in Southern Africa: Toward Another Ireland?
2. Gladstone and the Traditional Approach: Principles and the Problem 1880
3. Revolt in the Transvaal: Policy in Flux: A ‘Loss of Nerve’ in Official Circles
4. The Pretoria Convention: Boers and Fenians 1881: Attempts at Conciliation
5. Trek Without an End: Policy on a Turbulent Frontier, Boers and Fenians 1882: Attractions and Coercion
6. Enter Lord Derby: Inactivity as a Principle of Policy: Conciliation in Retreat
7. The London Convention ‘Home Rule’ for the Transvaal, 1884
8. Chamberlain and the Liberal Cabinet ‘Go Jingo’? Despatching an Imperial Expedition, 1885
9. Conclusion: Gladstonian Liberalism and Afrikaner ‘Nationalism’
Appendix I: Text of the Pretoria Convention, 3 August 1881
Appendix II: Text of the London Convention, 27 February 1884
Appendix III: War Office Memorandum 1884 ‘Position of Affairs in the Cape Colonies and the Transvaal’
Appendix IV: Colonial Office Memorandum 1885: ‘Vacillation in Policy in South Africa’
Appendix V: Private Letter: Sir Hercules Robinson to Lord Derby, 8 May 1885, on ‘Zambesia’ and Northern Expansion.