In bringing together a global community of philosophers, Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science develops novel perspectives on epistemology and philosophy of science by demonstrating how frameworks from academic philosophy (e.g. standpoint theory, social epistemology, feminist philosophy of science) and related fields (e.g. decolonial studies, transdisciplinarity, global history of science) can contribute to critical engagement with global dimensions of knowledge and science.
Global challenges such as climate change, food production, and infectious diseases raise complex questions about scientific knowledge production and its interactions with local knowledge systems and social realities. As academic philosophy provides relatively little reflection on global negotiations of knowledge, many pressing scientific and societal issues remain disconnected from core debates in epistemology and philosophy of science.
This book is an invitation to broaden agendas of academic philosophy by presenting epistemology and philosophy of science as globally engaged fields that address heterogeneous forms of knowledge production and their interactions with local livelihoods, practices, and worldviews. This integrative ambition makes the book equally relevant for philosophers and interdisciplinary scholars who are concerned with methodological and political challenges at the intersection of science and society.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Reimagining Epistemology and Philosophy of Science from a Global Perspective
Part I: Rethinking Philosophical Practices
1. Philosophy or Philosophies? Epistemology or Epistemologies?
Inkeri Koskinen and David Ludwig
2. Linguistic diversity in Philosophy
3. Anti-colonial Feminisms and Their Philosophies of Science: Latin American Issues
4. Philosophy of Science in China: Politicized, De-politicized, and Re-politicized
Yuanlin Guo and David Ludwig
5. Experimental Philosophy
Jordan Kiper, Stephen Stich, H. Clark Barrett and Edouard Machery
Part II: Reconfiguring Scientific Methods
6. Developing transdisciplinary practices: an interplay between disagreement and trust
Luana Poliseli and Clarissa Machado Pinto Leite
7. Sustainability science as a management science: Beyond the natural-social divide
Michiru Nagatsu and Henrik Thorén
8. "Science Must Fall" and the Call for Decolonization in South Africa
9. Structural Epistemic (In)Justice in Global Contexts
Inkeri Koskinen and Kristina Rolin
10. Excess and indigenous worldview: Philosophising on the problem of method
11. Radical Alterity, Representation, and the Ontological Turn
Part III: Negotiating Science in/with Society
12. The Democratization of Science
13. Science and Values – Multi-Strategic Research and Traditional Saberes
14. Science and industry funding
Manuela Fernández Pinto
15. Innovationism North and South
Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira
16. Post-truth and science: looking beyond the Global North
Part IV: Situating the Living World
17. Environmental Thinking in African Philosophy: A Defence of Biocentrism using the notion of Nma Ndu
Jonathan O. Chimakonam and L. Uchenna Ogbonnaya
18. Cultural Evolution: A Case Study in Global Epistemologies of Science
19. What is an appropriate philosophy of human science for 21st century indigenous psychologies?
James Liu and Pita King
20. On local medical traditions
21. Revisiting the question of race and biology in the South African social sciences
Phila Mfundo Msimang
Part V: Reimagining Abstract and Physical Worlds
22. Philosophical Cartography
Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther
23. Modelling the apparent spread of science: Some insights from the history of science in Japan
24. Buddhist Logic from a Global Perspective
25. Perspectives on the Indian Mathematical Tradition
26. Science as craftwork with integrity
Luis Reyes-Galindo, Luana Poliseli, Zinhle Mncube, David Ludwig & Inkeri Koskinen
David Ludwig is an associate professor in the "Knowledge, Technology and Innovation" Group of Wageningen University and Research (Netherlands). His work combines philosophy of science and transdisciplinary research in addressing epistemological, ontological, political challenges in scientific practice.
Inkeri Koskinen is a senior research fellow at Tampere University (Finland), and a member of the Centre for Philosophy of Social Science (TINT). She works on scientific objectivity, democratisation of scientific knowledge production, social and cognitive diversity in science, demarcation, and philosophy of the humanities.
Zinhle Mncube is a lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Johannesburg and a PhD student in History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. She works on issues related to personalising medicine, the role of genes in phenotypes, and philosophy of race, broadly construed.
Luana Poliseli is a postdoctoral researcher at the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research (KLI), Austria. Her work approaches general philosophical questions through empirical knowledge of particular sciences, including themes of visualization and imagination in scientific understanding; mechanistic explanation; model-building; and knowledge production for sustainability sciences.
Luis Reyes-Galindo is an independent researcher and an associate editor for the journal Tapuya. His research includes the sociology of science and technology, scientific communication and open access publishing, and the role of experts in policy making.