1st Edition

Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science

    338 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    338 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    In bringing together a global community of philosophers, Global Epistemologies and Philosophies of Science develops novel perspectives on epistemology and philosophy of science by demonstrating how frameworks from academic philosophy (e.g. standpoint theory, social epistemology, feminist philosophy of science) and related fields (e.g. decolonial studies, transdisciplinarity, global history of science) can contribute to critical engagement with global dimensions of knowledge and science.

    Global challenges such as climate change, food production, and infectious diseases raise complex questions about scientific knowledge production and its interactions with local knowledge systems and social realities. As academic philosophy provides relatively little reflection on global negotiations of knowledge, many pressing scientific and societal issues remain disconnected from core debates in epistemology and philosophy of science.

    This book is an invitation to broaden agendas of academic philosophy by presenting epistemology and philosophy of science as globally engaged fields that address heterogeneous forms of knowledge production and their interactions with local livelihoods, practices, and worldviews. This integrative ambition makes the book equally relevant for philosophers and interdisciplinary scholars who are concerned with methodological and political challenges at the intersection of science and society.

    Introduction: Reimagining Epistemology and Philosophy of Science from a Global Perspective

    David Ludwig

    Part I: Rethinking Philosophical Practices

    1. Philosophy or Philosophies? Epistemology or Epistemologies?

    Inkeri Koskinen and David Ludwig

    2. Linguistic diversity in Philosophy

    Chun-Ping Yen

    3. Anti-colonial Feminisms and Their Philosophies of Science: Latin American Issues

    Sandra Harding

    4. Philosophy of Science in China: Politicized, De-politicized, and Re-politicized

    Yuanlin Guo and David Ludwig

    5. Experimental Philosophy

    Jordan Kiper, Stephen Stich, H. Clark Barrett and Edouard Machery

    Part II: Reconfiguring Scientific Methods

    6. Developing transdisciplinary practices: an interplay between disagreement and trust  

    Luana Poliseli and Clarissa Machado Pinto Leite

    7. Sustainability science as a management science: Beyond the natural-social divide

    Michiru Nagatsu and Henrik Thorén

    8. "Science Must Fall" and the Call for Decolonization in South Africa

    Chad Harris

    9. Structural Epistemic (In)Justice in Global Contexts

    Inkeri Koskinen and Kristina Rolin

    10. Excess and indigenous worldview: Philosophising on the problem of method

    Carl Mika

    11. Radical Alterity, Representation, and the Ontological Turn

    Mark Risjord

    Part III: Negotiating Science in/with Society

    12. The Democratization of Science

    Faik Kurtulmus

    13. Science and Values – Multi-Strategic Research and Traditional Saberes

    Hugh Lacey

    14. Science and industry funding

    Manuela Fernández Pinto

    15. Innovationism North and South

    Marcos Barbosa de Oliveira

    16. Post-truth and science: looking beyond the Global North

    Luis Reyes-Galindo

    Part IV: Situating the Living World

    17. Environmental Thinking in African Philosophy: A Defence of Biocentrism using the notion of Nma Ndu

    Jonathan O. Chimakonam and L. Uchenna Ogbonnaya

    18. Cultural Evolution: A Case Study in Global Epistemologies of Science

    Azita Chellappoo

    19. What is an appropriate philosophy of human science for 21st century indigenous psychologies?

    James Liu and Pita King

    20. On local medical traditions

    Zinhle Mncube

    21. Revisiting the question of race and biology in the South African social sciences

    Phila Mfundo Msimang

    Part V: Reimagining Abstract and Physical Worlds

    22. Philosophical Cartography

    Rasmus Grønfeldt Winther

    23. Modelling the apparent spread of science: Some insights from the history of science in Japan

    Kenji Ito

    24. Buddhist Logic from a Global Perspective

    Koji Tanaka

    25. Perspectives on the Indian Mathematical Tradition

    Smita Sirker

    26. Science as craftwork with integrity

    Harry Collins


    Luis Reyes-Galindo, Luana Poliseli, Zinhle Mncube, David Ludwig & Inkeri Koskinen


    David Ludwig is an associate professor in the "Knowledge, Technology and Innovation" Group of Wageningen University and Research (Netherlands). His work combines philosophy of science and transdisciplinary research in addressing epistemological, ontological, political challenges in scientific practice.

    Inkeri Koskinen is a senior research fellow at Tampere University (Finland), and a member of the Centre for Philosophy of Social Science (TINT). She works on scientific objectivity, democratisation of scientific knowledge production, social and cognitive diversity in science, demarcation, and philosophy of the humanities.

    Zinhle Mncube is a lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Johannesburg and a PhD student in History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. She works on issues related to personalising medicine, the role of genes in phenotypes, and philosophy of race, broadly construed.

    Luana Poliseli is a postdoctoral researcher at the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research (KLI), Austria. Her work approaches general philosophical questions through empirical knowledge of particular sciences, including themes of visualization and imagination in scientific understanding; mechanistic explanation; model-building; and knowledge production for sustainability sciences.

    Luis Reyes-Galindo is an independent researcher and an associate editor for the journal Tapuya. His research includes the sociology of science and technology, scientific communication and open access publishing, and the role of experts in policy making.