1st Edition

Global Perspectives for the Conservation and Management of Open-Air Rock Art Sites

    412 Pages 71 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    412 Pages 71 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Global Perspectives for the Conservation and Management of Open-Air Rock Art Sites responds to the growth in known rock art sites across the globe and addresses the need to investigate natural and human-originated threats to them as well as propose solutions to mitigate resulting deterioration.

    Bringing together perspectives of international research teams from across five continents, the chapters in this book are divided into four discrete parts that best reflect the worldwide scenarios where conservation and management of open-air rock art sites unfolds: 1) ethics, community and collaborative approaches; 2) methodological tools to support assessment and monitoring; 3) scientific examination and interventions; and 4) global community and collaborative case studies innovating methodologies for ongoing monitoring and management. The diverse origin of contributions results in a holistic and interdisciplinary approach that conciliates perceived intervention necessity, community and stakeholders’ interests, and rigorous scientific analysis regarding open-air rock art conservation and management. The book unites the voices of the global community in tackling a significant challenge: to ensure a better future for open-air rock art.

    Moving conservation and management of open-air rock art sites in from the periphery of conservation science, this volume is an indispensable guide for archaeologists, conservators and heritage professionals involved in rock art and its preservation.

    List of Figures

    List of Tables

    List of figures

    List of tables

    List of acronyms

    List of contributors

    Preface and Acknowledgements

    Introduction: Global Perspectives for the Conservation and Management of Open-Air Rock Art Sites

    António Batarda Fernandes, Melissa Marshall and Inés Domingo

    SECTION I - Ethics, Community and Collaborative Approaches to the Conservation and Management of Open-Air Rock Art Sites.

    1. Ethical and Political Matters in Open-Air Rock Art Conservation Practice

    António Batarda Fernandes

    2. Murujuga: Managing an Archaeological and Sacred Landscape through Industry

    Ken Mulvaney

    3. Multidisciplinary and Integral Approaches to Rock Art as a Strategy for Rock Art Conservation: La Covatina Site as a Case Study

    Inés Domingo, Dídac Roman, José Luís Lerma, Irene Rodríguez, M. Antonia Zalbidea Munoz and Marius Vendrell

    4. Monitoring and Maintenance of Open-Air Rock Art Sites: Collaborating with Community in Northern Australia

    Melissa Marshall and Paul S. C. Taçon

    SECTION II- Methodological Tools to Support Assessment and Monitoring of Open-Air Rock Art Sites

    5. The Rock Art Stability Index: A Non-Invasive Rapid Field Assessment for Condition Evaluation

    Casey D. Allen, Cayla D. Kennedy, Kaelin M. Groom, Niccole V. Cerveny, Ronald I. Dorn and David S. Whitley

    6. Confusion and Solution: Providing a Desk-Based Approach for the Management of Rock Art

    George Nash

    7. Rock Art Monitoring in the UK and Ireland: The CARE Toolkit – Going Online and Using Mobile Data

    Aron D. Mazel, Myra J. Giesen, Mark Turner and Stephen Dowsland

    8. Rock Art and Geographical Information Technologies: SIPAAR and the Integral Management of Petroglyphs in Galicia

    Emilio Abad Vidal and Jose Manuel Rey García

    SECTION III – Scientific Examination and Interventions at Open-Air Rock Art Sites

    9. Laser Cleaning vs. Chemical Cleaning for Removal of Lichen from Schist Surfaces in the Coa Valley (Portugal) and Siega Verde (Spain) Archaeological Sites

    Graciela Paz-Bermúdez, Beatriz Prieto and José Santiago Pozo-Antonio

    10. In-Situ Rock Art Preservation in the Sabor Valley (Northwest Iberia)

    Sofia Figueiredo, António Batarda Fernandes, Susana Lainho and Joaquim Garcia

    11. Evaluating Thermal-Hygrometric Dynamics at a Levantine Rock Art Site: La Covatina (Vilafranca, Castellò)

    Irene Rodríguez and Inés Domingo

    12. Calcium Hydroxide Nanoparticles Testing for the Consolidation of Prehistoric Paintings in Cova Remígia (Castelló, Spain)

    Gemma Barreda-Usó, M. Antonia Zalbidea Munoz and Julia Osca Pons

    13. Multi-Proxy Archaeometric Analyses on Rock Art pigments in Different World Contexts

    Hugo Gomes, Pierluigi Rosina, Sara Garcês and Carmela Vaccaro

    SECTION IV – Global Community and Collaborative Case Studies Innovating Methodologies for the Ongoing Monitoring and Management of Open-Air Rock Art Sites

    14. Rock Art in the Cerrado: Cultural and Natural Heritage Conservation Come Together at Serranopólis, Goiás, Brazil

    António Batarda Fernandes, Fernanda Elisa Costa Paulino e Resende, Sergia Meire da Silva, Uelde Ferreira de Souza, Julio Cezar Rubin de Rubin, Maira Barberi, Maria Elina Bichuette, Tamires Zepon and Jonas Eduardo Gallão

    15. Community Engagement in Geologic Assessments of Thamudic Inscriptions and Petroglyphs in the Wadi Rum Protected Area, Jordan

    Kaelin M. Groom, George Bevan, Saleh Mabrouk Al-Noaimat, Mohammed Dmeian Al-Zalabieh and Casey D. Allen

    16. Preservation of Endangered Bangudae Petroglyphs in Korea

    Sangmog Lee

    17. Rock Art Conservation in the Serra Branca Valley, Serra da Capivara National Park, Piauí, Brazil

    Thalison dos Santos and Cristiane de Andrade Buco

    18. Trials and Tribulations of Artificial Silicone Driplines: a Case Study from Kakadu National Park, Australia

    Melissa Marshall, Kadeem May, Gabrielle O'Loughlin and Jeffrey Lee



    António Batarda Fernandes is an archaeologist currently heading the Division for Inventory, Study, and Safeguard of Archaeological Heritage of the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage, an institution under the Ministry of Culture of the Portuguese Government.

    Melissa Marshall is an archaeologist, GIS technician and Early Career Research Fellow based at the Nulungu Research Institute, the University of Notre Dame, Australia.

    Inés Domingo is an ICREA Research Professor at the University of Barcelona and Vice-president of the World Archaeological Congress.