1st Edition

Global Perspectives in Professional Reasoning

By Marilyn B. Cole, Jennifer Creek Copyright 2016

    Global Perspectives in Professional Reasoning is the first text of its kind to address the broader scope of occupational therapy practice and the different types of professional reasoning that can be employed, including strategic, political, nonlinear, creative, and social reasoning. This text encompasses a wide range of thinking skills and cognitive processes used by occupational therapists, from reflecting on practice to solving problems, and from reasoning in the clinic to reasoning in the wider political, social, and cultural worlds.

    Marilyn B. Cole and Jennifer Creek and their contributors are therapists, educators, and scholars who have explored new areas of professional practice and written about the thought processes that reinforced their actions. The authors come from around the world, providing a global perspective while also demonstrating that occupational therapists within different cultures serve remarkably similar human needs: to be included in their communities, to have occupational choices, and to determine their own life course.

    Many of the contributors in Global Perspectives in Professional Reasoning have identified and analyzed their own thought processes as they tackled complex and challenging tasks, often in unfamiliar contexts.  These challenging tasks have produced several entirely original conceptualizations of professional reasoning, such as development and spiritual reasoning. The contributors start by observing what is going on, try to make sense of the situation, and then work out what to do. Other contributors are fascinated by a theory, a policy, or an approach; study it; and then look for ways to utilize it in practice. Most of the time, contributors focus their attention on the process of reasoning rather than on the specific types of reasoning they are employing or on desired outcomes.

    Inside Global Perspectives in Professional Reasoning, each chapter charts the learning process that contributors went through as they extended their thinking skills and processes to meet the challenges they encountered. All the chapters describe reasoning in practice and all of them utilize theory. 

    A broad and fresh take on professional reasoning in occupational therapy practice, Global Perspectives in Professional Reasoning is the perfect resource for occupational therapy students and clinicians who want to utilize reasoning to tackle the most complex and challenging of tasks.

    About the Editors

    Contributing Authors Preface

    Foreword by Kit Sinclair, PhD

    Chapter 1 Introduction to the BookJennifer Creek, PhD and Marilyn B. Cole, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA

    Chapter 2 The Language of Professional ReasoningJennifer Creek, PhD

    Chapter 3 Strategic Thinking and Reasoning in Occupational TherapyHanneke van Bruggen, Bsc OT, Hon.Dscie, FWFOT

    Chapter 4 Collaborative Reasoning: Working in

    Partnership With Third Sector OrganizationsAngela Birleson, Dip COT, MSc, PhD

    Chapter 5 Spiritual and Ethical Reasoning: Interplay Between the Personal and the Professional in Decision MakingSílvia Martins, MS, OT

    Chapter 6 Political Reasoning for Disability Inclusion: Making Policies PracticalTheresa Lorenzo, BSc (Occupational Therapy) (Wits), HDipEdAd (Wits), MSc (Community Disability Studies) (University of London), PhD in Public Health (UCT), PgDip (Higher Education Studies) (UCT)

    Chapter 7 Collaborative Reasoning: Teaching and Learning to Facilitate Disability Inclusion in Policy and PracticeTheresa Lorenzo, BSc (Occupational Therapy) (Wits), HDipEdAd (Wits), MSc (Community Disability Studies) (University of London), PhD in Public Health (UCT), PgDip (Higher Education Studies) (UCT)

    Chapter 8 Narrative Reasoning in Disability-Themed FilmsAnne Hiller Scott, PhD, FAOTA, OTR/L and Richard Scott

    Chapter 9 Social Reasoning in Occupational Therapy: Integrating Social TheoriesMarilyn B. Cole, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA

    Chapter 10 Creative Reasoning in Occupational TherapyEstelle B. Breines, PhD, OTR, FAOTA

    Chapter 11 Nonlinear Reasoning in Cognition: Restoring the Essence of the Occupational Therapy ProcessIvelisse Lazzarini, OTD, OTR/L

    Chapter 12 Development Reasoning in Community PracticeE. Madeleine Duncan, BAOT, BA Hon (Psych), MScOT, DPhil (Psychology)Glossary Financial Disclosures



    Jennifer and Marli first met at the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) Congress in Stockholm, Sweden in 2002.

    Marilyn B. Cole MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, began her occupational therapy career in mental health, creating programmes for inpatient psychiatry at Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatry Institute in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and Middlesex hospital in Middletown, CT and mental health day treatment at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London, CT. Throughout her part time and full-time teaching at Quinnipiac University beginning in 1982, she continued to practice and and also train at the West Haven VA Hospital and consulted at Fairfield Hills Hospital in Newtown, CT. Throughout her professional career, Marli has regularly presented at local, national, and international conferences (Melbourne, London, Montreal, Stockholm, Sydney) and has supervised student experiences in England, Costa Rica and Australia. She has completed research studies in sensory integration, mental health assessment, time management, therapeutic relationships, group size and cohesiveness, and with students, creative training videos for Donohue’s Social Profile.

    Jennifer Creek PhD is a freelance occupational therapist and a Mental Health Act Commissioner for the Care Quality Commission, North Yorkshire, United Kingdom.