1st Edition

Global Science and National Sovereignty

    244 Pages
    by Routledge

    244 Pages
    by Routledge

    Global Science and National Sovereignty: Studies in Historical Sociology of Science provides detailed case studies on how sovereignty has been constructed, reaffirmed, and transformed in the twentieth century by the construction of scientific disciplines, knowledge practices, and research objects. Interrogating the relationship of the sovereign power of the nation state to the scientist's expert knowledge as a legitimating – and sometimes challenging – force in contemporary society, this book provides a staggering range of case studies in its exploration of how different types of science have transformed our understanding of national sovereignty in the last century. From biochemical sciences in Russia, to nuclear science in the US and Europe, from economics in South Asia, to climatology in South America, each chapter demonstrates the role that scientists play in the creation of nation-states and international organizations. With an array of experts and scholars, the essays in Global Science and National Sovereignty: Studies in Historical Sociology of Science offer a complete redefinition of the modern concept of sovereignty and an illuminating reassessment of the role of science in political life.

    Introduction – Science and Sovereignties: The Sciences beyond the Nation-State? Grégoire Mallard, Princeton University, Catherine Paradeise, Université de Marne-la-Vallé, Ashveen PeerbayeUniversité de Marne-la-Vallée

    Chapter 1 – Running in Circles: The Heidelberg Kruzhok and the Nationalization of Russian Chemistry Michael D. Gordin, Princeton University, Department of History of Science

    Chapter 2 – The National Uses of a Global Science: The Diffusion of New Economic Paradigms in the National Fields of State Elite ReproductionYves Dezalay, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Bryant Garth, American Bar Association

    Chapter 3 – The Regulation of Biotechnological Innovations: A Transatlantic Comparison Jean-Paul Gaudillière, CERMES, Pierre-Benoît Joly, INRA, Sociology and Management of Science

    Chapter 4 – The Promises of Stem Cells: Scientists, Families and Public Health in the Controversies around Stem Cell Research in the USA Vincent A. Lepinay, MIT

    Chapter 5 – When Experts Challenge the Sovereign: Nuclear Proliferation and the American Nation (1945-1953)Grégoire Mallard, Princeton University

    Chapter 6 – "Carrying American Ideas to the Unconverted": MIT’s Failed Attempt to Export Operations Research to NATO John Krige, Georgia Tech

    Chapter 7 – Climate Change(s): Scientific Dynamics, Expertise and Geopolitics Amy Dahan, Centre Alexandre Koyré, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Hélène Guillemot, Centre Alexandre Koyré, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales


    Grégoire Mallard will join the faculty of Northwestern University in September 2008, as Assistant Professor of Sociology. He is presently a Woodrow Wilson Society Fellow (2006-2008) and a Ph.D. candidate at Princeton University and Université Paris-Est. In June 2008, he will complete his dissertation, titled Sovereignty by Design : US Nuclear Foreign Policy, Transnational Networks and the Creation of Supranational Communities. His recent publications include: in 2004, "Interpreters of the Literary Canon and Their Technical Instruments: The Case of Balzac Criticism." American Sociological Review. 70:992-1010. His work on peer evaluation published with Michèle Lamont, include: Joshua Guetzkow, Michèle Lamont and Grégoire Mallard. 2004. "What is Originality in the Social Sciences and the Humanities?" American Sociological Review. 69:190-212; and Grégoire Mallard, Michèle Lamont, and Joshua Guetzkow. 2008. "Fairness as Appropriateness: Managing Epistemological Differences in Peer Review." Science, Technology and Human Values.

    Catherine Paradeise is Professor of Sociology at the University of Marne-la-Vallée and the LATTS (Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés – CNRS/UMLV/Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées), where she extensively contributed to the creation of IFRIS (Research, Innovation and Society Research Institute). She is a graduate of IEP Paris (1966), EPRASS-EHESS (1968), and the University of Michigan (1970), has earned her "Doctorat du 3ème cycle" at René Descartes University (1974) and is "Docteur d'Etat" of the University of Paris IV (1984). She served as Assistant Director (DSA) of the CNRS Humanities and Social Sciences Department (SHS) from 1991 to 1994, and Assistant Director of the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan (2000-2003). She is also Associate Member of the CPSO (Center for Public Service Organizations, School of Management, Royal Holloway) of the London University.

    Ashveen Peerbaye earned his Ph.D. in Sociology at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Cachan and is Associate Professor at the Université de Paris-Est (Marne-la-Vallée). Ashveen Peerbaye’s recent publications include: with V. Mangematin. 2004. "Les grands équipements en sciences de la vie: quelle politique publique?" Revue Française d’Administration Publique. 112:705-718 ; with V. Mangematin. 2005. "Sharing Research Facilities: Towards a New Mode of Technology Transfer?" Innovation: Management, Policy and Practice. 7(1):23-38 ; with F. Aggeri, A. Branciard, P. Le Masson, C. Paradeise, "Les plateformes technologiques, un instrument de politique scientifique dans les sciences de la vie", Revue d’Economie industrielle, forthcoming.