Global Science and National Sovereignty: Studies in Historical Sociology of Science provides detailed case studies on how sovereignty has been constructed, reaffirmed, and transformed in the twentieth century by the construction of scientific disciplines, knowledge practices, and research objects. Interrogating the relationship of the sovereign power of the nation state to the scientist's expert knowledge as a legitimating – and sometimes challenging – force in contemporary society, this book provides a staggering range of case studies in its exploration of how different types of science have transformed our understanding of national sovereignty in the last century. From biochemical sciences in Russia, to nuclear science in the US and Europe, from economics in South Asia, to climatology in South America, each chapter demonstrates the role that scientists play in the creation of nation-states and international organizations. With an array of experts and scholars, the essays in Global Science and National Sovereignty: Studies in Historical Sociology of Science offer a complete redefinition of the modern concept of sovereignty and an illuminating reassessment of the role of science in political life.
Introduction – Science and Sovereignties: The Sciences beyond the Nation-State? Grégoire Mallard, Princeton University, Catherine Paradeise, Université de Marne-la-Vallé, Ashveen PeerbayeUniversité de Marne-la-Vallée
Chapter 1 – Running in Circles: The Heidelberg Kruzhok and the Nationalization of Russian Chemistry Michael D. Gordin, Princeton University, Department of History of Science
Chapter 2 – The National Uses of a Global Science: The Diffusion of New Economic Paradigms in the National Fields of State Elite ReproductionYves Dezalay, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Bryant Garth, American Bar Association
Chapter 3 – The Regulation of Biotechnological Innovations: A Transatlantic Comparison Jean-Paul Gaudillière, CERMES, Pierre-Benoît Joly, INRA, Sociology and Management of Science
Chapter 4 – The Promises of Stem Cells: Scientists, Families and Public Health in the Controversies around Stem Cell Research in the USA Vincent A. Lepinay, MIT
Chapter 5 – When Experts Challenge the Sovereign: Nuclear Proliferation and the American Nation (1945-1953)Grégoire Mallard, Princeton UniversityChapter 6 – "Carrying American Ideas to the Unconverted": MIT’s Failed Attempt to Export Operations Research to NATO John Krige, Georgia Tech
Chapter 7 – Climate Change(s): Scientific Dynamics, Expertise and Geopolitics Amy Dahan, Centre Alexandre Koyré, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Hélène Guillemot, Centre Alexandre Koyré, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales