Scholarly interest in water ethics is increasing, motivated by the urgency of climate change, water scarcity, privatization and conflicts over water resources. Water ethics can provide both conceptual perspectives and practical methodologies for identifying outcomes which are environmentally sustainable and socially just. This book assesses the implications of ongoing research in framing a new discipline of water ethics in practice.
Contributions consider the difficult ethical and epistemological questions of water ethics in a global context, as well as offering local, empirical perspectives. Case study chapters focus on a range of countries including Canada, China, Germany, India, South Africa and the USA. The respective insights are brought together in the final section concerning the practical project of a universal water ethics charter, alongside theoretical questions about the legitimacy of a global water ethics.
Overall the book provides a stimulating examination of water ethics in theory and practice, relevant to academics and professionals in the fields of water resource management and governance, environmental ethics, geography, law and political science.
1. Introduction: global water ethics – towards a water ethics charter
Rafael Ziegler and David Groenfeldt
2. A brief history of efforts to articulate global water ethics
Susan Lea Smith
Part 1: Ethics and epistemology
3. What is water ethics and to what end do we study it? Lessons for the water ethics charter
4. Beyond general principles: water ethics in a Deweyan perspective
5. Incorporating ethics into water decision-making
6. Transcending water conflicts: an ethics of water cooperation
Part 2: Global water ethics, local cases and a diversity of perspectives
7. Safe, just and sufficient space: the planetary boundary for human water use in a more-than-human world
Rafael Ziegler, Dieter Gerten and Petra Döll
8. The relevance of ethical factors in the pursuit of integrated water resources management
Maite Aldaya, Pedro Martínez-Santos and Ramon Llamas
9. A hierarchy of water needs and their implications for allocation mechanisms
10. Reflections on water ethics and the human right to water in Khayelitsha, South Africa
11. An eco-centric water allocation across competing demands in an arid inland river basin of Northwest China
Jie Liu and Xiang Huang
12. Water, virtue ethics and traditional ecological knowledge in Rajasthan: Anupam Mishra and the rediscovery of water traditions
Ricki Levi and Daniel Mishori
Part 3: Water ethics charters and charting water
13. I yá.axch´age? (Can you hear it?) or, marrying the water: a Tlingit and Tagish approach towards an ethical relationship with water
Eleanor Hayman with Colleen James, Mark Wedge and David Katzeek
14. Developing an ecumenical framework for water justice
Susan Lea Smith
15. Developing a global water ethics charter
16. The Berlin Water Charter: water ethics from an activist’s viewpoint
17. Water ethics and water stewardship: personal reflections
Please see Figure 13.1, “Thinking like a watershed” and Figure 13.2 “Haa saaxú, haa latseení, hà Kus Teyea (our names, our strength, our way)” (Source: Eleanor Hayman in collaboration with Veronika Degmayr, Colleen James and Mark Wedge), from Chapter 13, I yá.axch´age? (Can you hear it?) or, Héen Aawashaayi Shaawat (marrying the water).