This book examines the impact of globalization on some vital aspects of Indian politics, its structures and processes, and identifies the challenges to globalization itself, in order to highlight India’s complex and fascinating story. In 1991, India officially embraced the policy of neo-liberal reforms by signing the GATT agreement, which exposed the country, its society, culture and institutions to the various forces of globalization. Globalization as such may not be new to India, for the country has been embracing the influence of external cultures and civilisations for millennia, but the post-1991 reforms policy marked a significant shift, from a predominantly social welfare state and a command economy to a predominantly market driven one.
Through a range of disciplinary perspectives, the authors analyse how India’s version of secularism, communal harmony, nationhood, the public sphere, social justice, and the rights of aboriginal communities came under attack from the forces of the new dispensation. The book goes on to show how globalisation in India has posed fresh challenges to political economy, democracy, federalism, decentralization, parliamentary system, judiciary, and the parliamentary Left.
Critically reflecting on themes in the context of India’s globalisation that are local, regional, national and global, this book will be of interest to those in the fields of South Asian Politics, Globalisation, and International Relations.
Foreword Sudha Pai Introduction Harihar Bhattacharyya and Lion Koenig 1.The Globalization-Decentralization Nexus: The Indian Predicament Mohit Bhattacharya 2. Changes in Indian Politics until the 1990s: Issues and Trends T.R. Sharma 3. Cultural Globalization in India: Towards a ‘Third Space’ Lion Koenig 4. Challenges to Democratic Governance in India: An ‘Unfinished Symphony’Asok Kumar Mukhopadhyay 5. The New Political Economy of Judicial Review in India Mahendra Pal Singh 6. Globalization, Extremist Violence and the Indian Left: A Critical Appraisal Sobhanlal Datta Gupta 7. Policing in India: A Failed Case of Institutional Reform? Surajit C. Mukhopadhyay 8. The Problems of Statehood in Indian Federalism: A Case for Territorial Pluralism Rekha Saxena 9. Regional Movements in India: Evaluating Telengana and Uttarakhand Jhumpa Mukherjee 10. Governing India’s Localities: Limits of Structural and Governance Reforms Harihar Bhattacharyya 11. Conclusion: India’s Second ‘Tryst with Destiny’ Harihar Bhattacharyya and Lion Koenig
South Asia, with its burgeoning, ethnically diverse population, soaring economies, and nuclear weapons, is an increasingly important region in the global context. The series, which builds on this complex, dynamic and volatile area, features innovative and original research on the region as a whole or on the countries. Its scope extends to scholarly works drawing on history, politics, development studies, sociology and economics of individual countries from the region as well those that take an interdisciplinary and comparative approach to the area as a whole or to a comparison of two or more countries from this region. In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the insights germane to area studies, as well as the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods. The series welcomes submissions from established authors in the field as well as from young authors who have recently completed their doctoral dissertations.