For the first time in human history, the vast majority of the world’s population is connected through trade, travel, production, media and politics. Ours is an era of ubiquitous mobile communication, economic outsourcing, mass migration and imported consumer goods. At the same time, people everywhere are concerned to keep their identities rooted and sense of place in the face of momentous change.This new edition of Thomas Hylland Eriksen’s concise and engaging landmark textbook outlines the main debates and controversies around globalization, and develops a unique perspective to show how globalization is an inherently double process, taking place both from above and below. Each chapter is supported by boxed case studies and bullet points summarizing the core information, suggestions for further reading, and essay and discussion questions, making this the ideal guide for both the classroom and independent study. Focusing on key concepts of globalization and drawing on international examples, this book is essential for anyone wishing to understand the fundamental processes underlying the contemporary world and the consequences these have for all of us.
Table of Contents
PrefaceIntroduction: A Shrinking Planet1. DisembeddingGlobalization and DistanceTowards a More Abstract WorldAbstract Time and TemperatureMoney as a Means of CommunicationAbstract MusicPrinting and FactoriesNationalism as a Template for GlobalizationOther Disembedding MechanismsDisembedded FriendshipNeoliberal Economics and DisembeddingCritics of Disembedding2. SpeedTime-space CompressionAccelerated ChangeFriedman's "Flatteners"Acceleration in the MediaBourdieu's PessimismSimultaneitySome Further Implications of AccelerationThe Unevenness of Speed3. StandardizationSome Standards of a Global ModernitySome Contemporary Forms of StandardizationObsolescenceBilingualism and StandardizationThe Globalization of NothingMcWorld and Its DiscontentsMS WordThe Shipping Container and StandardizationResistance to Standardization4. ConnectionsCriticisms of Methodological NationalismThe Network SocietyCommunication NetworksA Networked Global Economy?Globalization from BelowGlobal Governance?TranslationRemittances and Cheap CallsSoccer and GlobalizationDelinking, Chosen, and EnforcedA World of SlumsConnectedness and Disjunctures5. MobilityTransnational MigrationTransnational ConnectionsOutsourcing the Nation-state?The Growth of TourismThe Tourist and the RefugeeLong-distance NationalismGendered MigrationNostalgia6. MixingForms of MixingHybridity and CreolizationWorld MusicA Mixed Family in MauritiusA Model7. RiskNatural and Manufactured Risks?Perceived Risk and Real ConsequencesInvasive SpeciesClimate ChangeClimate Change and Global DemocracyWavering Trust in Expert SystemsDealing with Global Risks LocallyGlobalization and Wars on TerrorHuman Rights and Security8. Identity PoliticsThe Politicized Concept of CultureIdentity Politics as a Response to GlobalizationA Grammar of Identity PoliticsIndigenous StrategiesReembedding in DiasporasTrust and Social CapitalNeonationalism and Islamism: Two Sides of the Same Coin?Human Rights and Identity Politics9. AlterglobalizationProtest MovementsThe Transnational Occupy MovementAlterglobalizing Strategies in the SouthThe Slowness MovementFrom the Arab Spring to the Snowden AffairAfterword: An Overheated WorldBibliographyIndex
Thomas Hylland Eriksen is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Oslo, Norway.