This book explores how globalization and transculturality are useful theoretical tools for studying pre-modern societies and their long-distance connections. Among the themes explored are how these concepts can enhance our understanding of trade networks, the spread of religions, the diffusion of global fashions, the migration of technologies, public and private initiatives, and wider cultural changes.
In this book, archaeologists and ancient historians demonstrate how in diverse contexts – from the Bronze Age to colonial times – humanity displayed an urge and an incredible capacity to connect with distant lands and people. Adopting and modifying approaches originally developed for the study of contemporary societies, it is possible to enhance our understanding of the human past, not only in economic terms, but also the cultural significance of such interconnections.
This book provides both the wider public and the specialist reader with a fresh point of view on global issues relating to the past; in turn, allowing us to look anew at developments in the contemporary world. Its large chronological and geographical scope should prove appealing to those who want more than mere Eurocentric history. Teachers and students of world history and archaeology will find this book a useful resource.
List of figures and table
List of contributors
Preface and acknowledgements
Utilizing globalization and transculturality for the study of the pre-modern world
Serena Autiero and Matthew A. Cobb
Section I: Theory and methodology
From the field to the globe: the archaeology of globalization
Globalization, the highest stage of modernization?
Section II: Bronze age globalization
Bronzization, the globalization of the Bronze Age in Afro-Eurasia
Agencement, matter flows and itinerary of object in the Bronze Age East Mediterranean: a new materialities approach to globalization
Dragon divers and clamorous fishermen: Bronzization and transcultural marine spaces in the Japanese archipelago
Section III: Globalization in the early historic Indian Ocean
Archaeology of globalization: a retrospective view of the Indian Ocean world and implications for the present (500 BCE – 300 CE)
Oikoumenisation and the Ptolemaic beginnings of the Indian Ocean trade
Mediterranean goods in an Indian context: the use of transcultural theory for the study of the ancient Indian Ocean world
Matthew A. Cobb
The Indian figurine from Pompeii as an emblem of East-West trade in the early Roman Imperial era
Laura R. Weinstein
Section IV: Global studies in complex historical contexts
A universal dhamma: Buddhism and globalization at the time of Aśoka
Globalization and Gandhāra art
Glocalization as a key to understanding cultural change in São Paulo’s colonial ceramics
Marcelo Rolim Manfrini