1st Edition

Globalizing Justice for Mass Atrocities A Revolution in Accountability

By Chandra Lekha Sriram Copyright 2005
    204 Pages
    by Routledge

    206 Pages
    by Routledge

    This major new study examines the developing practice of universal jurisdiction, as well as the broader phenomenon of "globalizing" justice, and its ramifications.

    With a detailed overview of the contemporary practice of universal jurisdiction, it discerns three trends at work: pure universal jurisdiction, universal jurisdiction "plus", and non-use. It also argues that these disparities in practice should raise serious concerns as to the legitimacy and perceived legitimacy of such globalized justice. It then turns to a further consideration, that of globalized justice, precisely because it takes place far from the locus of the crime, and is therefore "externalized" and may fail to achieve many of its putative goals.

    In addition, this is a key assessment of civil accountability, through the use of the Alien Tort Claims Act in the United States. It details how the use of civil penalties may offer new avenues for redress, particularly with relation to group accountability, whether that of armed groups or of corporations. However, it balances this approach to accountability with recognition of certain flaws within externalized criminal accountability.

    This study also focuses on mixed tribunals, or other methods of internationalized justice as viable alternatives, which may avoid some of the problems with external justice, but are themselves far from perfect. Mixed or hybrid tribunals in East Timor and Sierra Leone represent different models of hybrid justice and provide the reader with excellent examples of these new forms of justice in action.

    This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of human rights international law and political science.

    Introduction: Novel Practice in International Criminal Law; Part 1 Externalized Justice; Chapter 1 Contemporary Practice of Universal Jurisdiction: Uneven Developments; Chapter 2 Beyond the Famous Cases: Universal Jurisdiction and the Problem of Legitimacy; Chapter 3 Universal Jurisdiction: Problems and Prospects of Externalizing Justice; Chapter 4 Non-Criminal Justice, New Actors: Non-State Actors and Corporations Under the Alien Tort Claims Act; Part 2 Externalization Reversed: Mixed Tribunals; Chapter 5 Externalization Reversed: The Hybrid Experiment in East Timor; Chapter 6 Externalization Reversed: The Hybrid Experiment in Sierra Leone; Chapter 7 Conclusions: The Thorny Problem of Globalizing Justice;


    Chandra Lekha Sriram is Lecturer in the School of International Relations at the University of St. Andrews where she teaches international law and international relations. She is author of Confronting Past Human Rights Violations (2004) and co-editor of several books on conflict resolution and prevention. She was previously Senior Associate at the International Peace Academy in New York, directing IPA’s conflict prevention project, From Promise to Practice: Strengthening UN Capacities for the Prevention of Violent Con¯ict.

    'While an excellent tool for instruction, Globalizing Justice will be most welcome for its contribution to the theoretical debates within the proliferation of scolarship associated with international justice.' - Human Rights Quarterly