Glycome Informatics: Methods and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Glycome Informatics

Methods and Applications, 1st Edition

By Kiyoko F. Aoki-Kinoshita

Chapman and Hall/CRC

256 pages | 93 B/W Illus.

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Description

A Focused, State-of-the-Art Overview of This Evolving Field

Presents Various Techniques for Glycoinformatics

The development and use of informatics tools and databases for glycobiology and glycomics research have increased considerably in recent years. In addition to accumulating well-structured glyco-related data, researchers have now developed semi-automated methods for the annotation of mass spectral data and algorithms for capturing patterns in glycan structure data. These techniques have enabled researchers to gain a better understanding of how these complex structures affect protein function and other biological processes, including cancer.

One of the few up-to-date books available in this important area, Glycome Informatics: Methods and Applications covers all known informatics methods pertaining to the study of glycans. It discusses the current status of carbohydrate databases, the latest analytical techniques, and the informatics needed for rapid progress in glycomics research.

Providing an overall understanding of glycobiology, this self-contained guide focuses on the development of glycome informatics methods and current problems faced by researchers. It explains how to implement informatics methods in glycobiology. The author includes the required background material on glycobiology as well as the mathematical concepts needed to understand advanced mining and algorithmic techniques. She also suggests project themes for readers looking to begin research in the field.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Glycobiology

Roles of carbohydrates

Glycan structures

Glycan classes

Glycan biosynthesis

Glycan motifs

Potential for drug discovery

Background

Glycan nomenclature

Carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions

Databases

Glycan structure databases

Glyco-gene databases

Lipid databases

Lectin databases

Others

Glycome Informatics

Terminology and notations

Algorithmic techniques

Bioinformatic methods

Data mining techniques

Glycomics tools

Potential Research Projects

Sequence and structural analyses

Databases and techniques to integrate heterogeneous data sets

Automated characterization of glycan structures from MS spectra

Prediction of glycan structures from data other than MS spectra

Biomarker prediction

Systems analyses

Drug discovery

Appendix A: Sequence Analysis Methods

Pairwise sequence alignment (dynamic programming)

Amino acid score matrix BLOSUM (BLOcks Substitution Matrix)

Appendix B: Machine Learning Methods

Kernel methods and SVMs

Hidden Markov models

Appendix C: Glycomics Technologies

Mass spectrometry (MS)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)

About the Author

Kiyoko F. Aoki-Kinoshita simultaneously received her bachelor’s and master’sdegrees of science in computer science from Northwestern University in 1996, after which she received her doctorate in computer engineering from Northwestern in 1999 under Dr. D. T. Lee. She was employed at BioDiscovery, Inc. in Los Angeles, California as a senior software engineer before moving to Kyoto, Japan, to work as a post-doctoral researcher at the Bioinformatics Center, Institute of Chemical Research, Kyoto University, under Drs. Hiroshi Mamitsuka and Minoru Kanehisa. There, she developed various algorithmic and data mining methods for analyzing the glycan structure data that were accumulated in the KEGG GLYCAN database. Since then, she has joined the faculty in the Department of Bioinformatics, Faculty of Engineering, Soka University, in Tokyo, Japan and is now an associate professor teaching bioinformatics. She is also involved in several research projects pertaining to the understanding of glycan function based on their structure as well as the recognition patterns of glycan structures by other proteins and even viruses. She has also begun developing a Web resource called RINGS (Resource for INformatics of Glycomes at Soka) that is still in its infancy, but is intended to freely provide many of the informatics algorithms and methods described in this book over the Web such that scientists may utilize them easily.

About the Series

Chapman & Hall/CRC Mathematical and Computational Biology

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI008000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / General
SCI010000
SCIENCE / Biotechnology
SCI017000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Cytology