Goals, No-Goals and Own Goals : A Debate on Goal-Directed and Intentional Behaviour book cover
1st Edition

Goals, No-Goals and Own Goals
A Debate on Goal-Directed and Intentional Behaviour

ISBN 9781032028620
Published June 30, 2021 by Routledge
316 Pages

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Book Description

First published in 1989, Goals, No-Goals and Own Goals presents a stimulating debate between three scientists and three philosophers about the significance and nature of goal-directed and intentional behaviour. At one extreme David McFarland brings into radical question the need for either of these concepts, at least in the scientific study of animal behaviour. At the other extreme, Alan Montefiore argues that such concepts are indispensable to any explication of the meaningful use of language and that we must therefore acknowledge their importance in understanding the nature of human behaviour. Denis Noble uses arguments drawn from computer science and physiology to show that it is incorrect to regard intentions as causes of neural events, even though it is correct to regard intentionality as responsible for our actions. Shawn Lockery outlines how intentional behaviour might be subjected to physiological study. Kathy Wilkes widens the debate by asking some basic questions about the nature of explanation and finally, Daniel Dennett argues how the study of animal behaviour might inform research in Artificial Intelligence.

This book will be a useful resource for scholars and researchers of cognitive science, philosophy, psychology, linguistics and physiology.

Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgement Part I: Introduction 1. General Introduction Alan Montefiore and Denis Noble 2. Philosophical Background Alan Montefiore 3. Scientific Introduction Denis Noble Part II: The Positions Stated 4. Goals, No-Goals, Own Goals David McFarland 5. Intentions and Causes Alan Montefiore 6. Intentional Actions and Physiology Denis Noble 7. Cognitive Ethology: Hunting for Bargains or a Wild Goose Chase? Daniel C. Dennett 8. Representation, Functionalism, and Simple Living Systems Shawn Lockery 9. Representations and Explanations Kathy Wilkes Part III: The Positions Debated 10. Narrow Intentions Shawn Lockery 11. Explanations – How not to Miss the Point Kathy Wilkes 12. The Teleological Imperative David McFarland 13. Comments Daniel C. Dennett 14. Round Two Alan Montefiore 15. What Do Intentions Do? Denis Noble Part IV: A Challenge Renewed 16. Swan Song of a Phoenix David McFarland Bibliography Further Reading Notes on authors

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Alan Montefiore and Denis Noble