Godfrey of Bouillon : Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Ruler of Latin Jerusalem, c.1060-1100 book cover
1st Edition

Godfrey of Bouillon
Duke of Lower Lotharingia, Ruler of Latin Jerusalem, c.1060-1100

ISBN 9780367280291
Published April 11, 2019 by Routledge
300 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book offers a new appraisal of the ancestry and career of Godfrey of Bouillon (c.1060-1100), a leading participant in the First Crusade (1096-99), and the first ruler of Latin Jerusalem (1099-1100), the polity established by the crusaders after they captured the Holy City. While previous studies of Godfrey’s life have tended to focus on his career from the point at which he joined the crusade, this book adopts a more holistic approach, situating his involvement in the expedition in the light of the careers of his ancestors and his own activities in Lotharingia, the westernmost part of the kingdom of Germany. The findings of this enquiry shed new light on the repercussions of a range of critical developments in Latin Christendom in the eleventh and early twelfth centuries, including the impact of the ‘Investiture Conflict’ in Lotharingia, the response to the call for the First Crusade in Germany, Godfrey’s influence upon the course of the crusade, his role in its leadership, and his activities during the initial phases of Latin settlement in the Holy Land in its aftermath.

Table of Contents


1 - Ancestry and parentage

Lotharingia and its place in the Western Empire

Godfrey’s maternal ancestry: the house of Ardennes-Bouillon

The career of Godfrey the Bearded

The career of Godfrey the Hunchback

Godfrey’s parents: Count Eustace II and Ida of Boulogne

2 - Godfrey’s career in the West, c.1060-95

Godfrey’s early years and arrival in Lotharingia

The succession to the office of duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1076

Godfrey’s matrilineal inheritance

The military campaigns of Henry IV of Germany

Godfrey’s career as duke of Lower Lotharingia, 1087-1095

3 - The coming of the First Crusade, 1095-96

Pope Urban II’s call for the First Crusade

Godfrey’s response to the call for the First Crusade

Godfrey’s preparations for the First Crusade

4 - The First Crusade, 1096-99

Lotharingia to Constantinople, August - December 1096

Constantinople, December 1096 - April 1097

Asia Minor, May - October 1097

Antioch, October 1097 - June 1098

Impasse, June 1098 - May 1099

Jerusalem, May - July 1099

5 - In Jerusalem, 1099-1100

Godfrey’s appointment as ruler of Jerusalem, July 1099

Ruling Jerusalem

Godfrey’s death and the succession of Baldwin I


Epilogue - Godfrey’s reputation in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries



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Simon John is Lecturer in Medieval History at Swansea University. He previously taught at the University of Oxford, and held a Junior Research Fellowship at the Institute of Historical Research. Much of his work to date has focussed upon the crusades and their socio-cultural impact in Latin Christendom. He has published articles in the English Historical Review, the Journal of Medieval History and the Journal of Ecclesiastical History, and is the co-editor (with Nicholas Morton) of Crusading and Warfare in the Middle Ages: Realities and Representations. Essays in Honour of John France (2014).