284 pages | 13 B/W Illus.
This book offers a new appraisal of the ancestry and career of Godfrey of Bouillon (c.1060-1100), a leading participant in the First Crusade (1096-99), and the first ruler of Latin Jerusalem (1099-1100), the polity established by the crusaders after they captured the Holy City. While previous studies of Godfrey’s life have tended to focus on his career from the point at which he joined the crusade, this book adopts a more holistic approach, situating his involvement in the expedition in the light of the careers of his ancestors and his own activities in Lotharingia, the westernmost part of the kingdom of Germany. The findings of this enquiry shed new light on the repercussions of a range of critical developments in Latin Christendom in the eleventh and early twelfth centuries, including the impact of the ‘Investiture Conflict’ in Lotharingia, the response to the call for the First Crusade in Germany, Godfrey’s influence upon the course of the crusade, his role in its leadership, and his activities during the initial phases of Latin settlement in the Holy Land in its aftermath.
1 - Ancestry and parentage
Lotharingia and its place in the Western Empire
Godfrey’s maternal ancestry: the house of Ardennes-Bouillon
The career of Godfrey the Bearded
The career of Godfrey the Hunchback
Godfrey’s parents: Count Eustace II and Ida of Boulogne
2 - Godfrey’s career in the West, c.1060-95
Godfrey’s early years and arrival in Lotharingia
The succession to the office of duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1076
Godfrey’s matrilineal inheritance
The military campaigns of Henry IV of Germany
Godfrey’s career as duke of Lower Lotharingia, 1087-1095
3 - The coming of the First Crusade, 1095-96
Pope Urban II’s call for the First Crusade
Godfrey’s response to the call for the First Crusade
Godfrey’s preparations for the First Crusade
4 - The First Crusade, 1096-99
Lotharingia to Constantinople, August - December 1096
Constantinople, December 1096 - April 1097
Asia Minor, May - October 1097
Antioch, October 1097 - June 1098
Impasse, June 1098 - May 1099
Jerusalem, May - July 1099
5 - In Jerusalem, 1099-1100
Godfrey’s appointment as ruler of Jerusalem, July 1099
Godfrey’s death and the succession of Baldwin I
Epilogue - Godfrey’s reputation in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries
Academics concerned with the history of the Crusades and the Latin East will be familiar with the various survey histories that have been produced for this fascinating topic. Many historians have published wide-ranging texts that either seek to make sense of the strange phenomenon that was the Crusades or shed light upon the Christian territories of the Latin East. Such panoramic works have helped to generate enormous interest in this subject, but they can only take their readers so far. Works addressing the lives of individual rulers - whether kings, queens, counts, princes or patriarchs - are less common and yet are needed if we are to achieve a more detailed understanding of this period.
This series seeks to address this need by stimulating a collection of political biographies of the men and women who ruled the Latin East between 1098 and 1291 and the kingdom of Cyprus up to 1571. These focus in detail upon the evolving political and diplomatic events of this period, whilst shedding light upon more thematic issues such as: gender and marriage, intellectual life, kingship and governance, military history and inter-faith relations.
For further information about the series please contact Michael Greenwood at Michael.Greenwood@informa.com