Gold, Festivals, and Music in Southeast Brazil
- Available for pre-order. Item will ship after July 30, 2021
Gold, Festivals, and Music in Southeast Brazil: Sounding Portugueseness is a study of the musical legacy of the 18th century Brazilian gold rush that integrates ethnographic research of the main genres of former mining communities in Brazil -- from liturgical music in the style of European art music to Afro-Brazilian musical expressions. Its content and structure are informed by Norbert Elias’ idea of the civilizing process, which is explored regarding its relevance in interpreting sociocultural processes and choreo-musical expressions in the small town Morro Vermelho. The book’s innovative feature is its focus on a little-known area to non-Brazilian scholars,and its focus on the colonial and European heritage in Brazil.
Morro Vermelho’s cultural traditions have received relatively limited attention. The Catholic festival of Our Lady of Nazareth provides a setting for the documentation and analysis of the musical setting and is thus placed at the centre of the discussion. It leads through the vast writings on Brazilian identity and challenges the view on Brazilian-ness as constructed in terms of the mixing of races. Norbert Elias’s concept of the "civilizing process" structures the book and is relevant for understanding the cultural sphere of the festival of Our Lady of Nazareth.
The book combines discourses of Portugueseness with historical sources and observations from fieldwork and community building in the virtual world. The focus on the music to support social constructions of "Portugueseness" is supported with evidence from diverse data sources: music (literature and fieldwork recordings), original interviews, marketing materials and historical narratives. The combination of archival, ethnographic and bibliographic research methods attempts a seamless narrative. Its approach to fieldwork and frank reflections on the process and relevant issues help to contextualize the analyses and serve as useful advice for future researchers.
Table of Contents
Music and the Myth of Racial Democracy in Brazil
Modernity, Coloniality of Power, and the Theory of the Civilizing Process
Minas Gerais and the Colonial Legacy
Morro Vermelho, Performative Memory and Portugueseness
About the Book
1 - Festivals and Music as Civilizing Forces in Colonial Minas .
Colonial Encounters and their Legacies
Christian and Moor Performances
Música Barroca Mineira
Orquestras and Bandas
Caeté and Morro Vermelho
2 - History as Memory, Heritage and Brand in Morro Vermelho
History as Memory
Morro Vermelho and the Gold
Festivals and Music
The Banda and Coral em Latim
History as Heritage and Brand
3 - Sounding the Sacred and Civilized
The "Senhora do Morro Vermelho"
The Festival of Our Lady of Nazaré
The Procedure of the Festival
The Procedure of the Cavalhada
Interpretations of the Cavalhada
4 - Sounding the Afro-Brazilian Resistance
Performative Memories of Afro-Brazilianness
Mazurkas, Waltzes, Quadrilles, and Contredanses
The Festival of Our Lady of the Rosary
Race, Politics, and the Cavalhada Mirim
The Cavalhada Mirim
Race and Culture Politics
5- Conclusion: Sounding Portugueseness in Southeast Brazil
Conflicting Notions of Brazilianness
Historical Memory and Place Branding
Heritagization as Civilizing Practice
Barbara Alge is Visiting Professor in Ethnomusicology at Goethe-University Frankfurt. Since 2011 she is the Website Reviews Editor of the Yearbook for Traditional Music, and in 2012-2014 the co-editor of the journal The World of Music (new series)