Greater understanding of the forms and consequences of investment and disinvestment in the extractive industries is required as a result of capitalist expansion, recent declines in global commodity prices, and claims that extractive sector projects, especially in the global south, are poverty reduction projects. This book explores emergent forms of governance in mining and extractive industry projects around the world.
Chapters examine efforts to govern extractive activities across multiple political scales, through intermediaries, instruments, technologies, discourses, and infrastructures. The contributions analyse how multiple micro-processes of rule reverberate through societies to shape the material conditions of everyday life but also politics, social relations, and subjectivities in extractive economies. Detailed case studies are included from Africa (Chad, Nigeria, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe), Latin America (Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru), and the UN Climate Conference.
Introduction: Governing in the Extractive Industries: An Introduction
Lori Leonard and Siba N. Grovogui
1. Tendencies in Tension: Resource Governance and Social Contradictions in Contemporary Bolivia
2. Mining, Criminalization, and the Right to Protest: Everyday Constructions of the Post-Neoliberal Ecuadorian State
3. Preserving Illusions: The Rule of Law and Legitimacy under the Chad Pipeline Project
Siba N. Grovogui
4. "We Own This Oil": Artisanal Refineries, Extractive Industries and the Politics of Oil in Nigeria
5. Converting Threats to Power: Methane Extraction in Lake Kivu, Rwanda
6. Politics in the Public Sphere: ENGOs and Oil Companies in the International Climate Negotiations, 1987-2001
7. Preventing the Resource Curse: Ethnographic Notes on an Economic Experiment
8. Illness, Compensation, and Claims for Justice: Lessons from the Choropampa Mercury Spill
9. Wars of Words: Experts, Oil, and Environmental Governance in Chad
10. Post-Script: Mapping Neo-Extractive Frontiers across Africa and Latin America