Governance of Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Governance of Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas

1st Edition

Edited by Cécile Pelaudeix, Ellen Margrethe Basse


300 pages | 3 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2017-06-14
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Global energy problems will remain a challenge in the coming decades. The impact of climate change and the melting of polar sea ice opening up access to offshore hydrocarbon resources in the Arctic Ocean, raises questions for both civil society and the scientific community over drilling opportunities in Arctic marine areas.

Disparities in approach to the governance of oil and gas extraction in the Arctic arise from fundamental differences in histories, cultures, domestic constraints and substantive values and attitudes in the Arctic coastal states and sub-states. Differing political systems, legal traditions and societal beliefs with regard to energy security and economic development, environmental protection, legitimacy of decision making, and the ownership and respect of the rights of indigenous people, all affect how governance systems of oil and gas extraction are designed.

Using a multidisciplinary approach and case studies from the USA, Norway, Russia, Canada, Greenland/Denmark and the EU, this book both examines the current governance of extraction and its effects and considers ways to enhance the efficiency of environmental management and public participation in this system.


"A timely, multi-faceted study of governance challenges – as well as governance possibilities in the Arctic that widens the understanding of what governance means and compares different approaches. Explains the relationship between national jurisdiction and multi-level governance and provides theoretical insights as well as practical proposals." - Arild Moe, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway.

"A profound irony of our times is that climate change, proceeding more rapidly in the Arctic than anywhere else on the planet, is making Arctic oil and gas more accessible and more attractive to developers. But will these hydrocarbons ever be developed, given the high costs of Arctic operations, the decline of world market prices for oil and gas, the rise of alternative sources of energy, and the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions? This timely, authoritative, and accessible collection provides the tools needed to think rigorously about this question." - Oran R. Young, Professor Emeritus, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: Between Diversity and Coexistence in The Arctic
  2. Cécile Pelaudeix and Ellen Margrethe Basse


    PART I: Globalization and Supra-nationalism in the Arctic

  3. Framing the Problem in Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Exploitation
  4. Timo Koivurova

  5. Sustainable Development in Arctic International Environmental Cooperation and the Governance of Hydrocarbon-Related Activities
  6. Christoph Humrich

  7. The European Union’s Role As a Facilitator in the Development of Maritime Environmental Law in the Arctic – With Focus on Offshore Hydrocarbon Activities
  8. Ellen Margrethe Basse

  9. Indigenous Rights in the Marine Arctic
  10. Rachael Johnstone


    PART II: National Perspectives on Offshore Regulations

  11. Alaska and Offshore Hydrocarbon Extraction: A Legal and Socio-Economic Review
  12. Edward T. Canuel

  13. Governance of Offshore Hydrocarbon Activities in The Arctic and Energy Policies: A Comparative Approach between Norway, Canada and Greenland/Denmark
  14. Cécile Pelaudeix

  15. The Russian Offshore Oil and Gas Regime: When Tight Control Means Less Order
  16. Roman Sidortsov

  17. The Arctic Offshore Hydrocarbon Hiatus of 2015, Climate Change, and Integrated Management: An opportunity to revisit regulation around the Pole
  18. Betsy Baker


    PART III: State-Based Approach, Sub-States Entities and Indigenous peoples

  19. Offshore Development and Inuit Rights in Inuit Nunangat
  20. Thierry Rodon

  21. Securing the Coastal Sámi Culture and Livelihood
  22. Øyvind Ravna And Kristoffer Svendsen

  23. Indigenous Modes of Ownership: Reopening the Case for Communal Rights in Greenland
  24. Pelle Tejsner


    PART IV: Regulatory Instruments and Enforcement

  25. Impact Benefit Agreements and Economic and Environmental Risk Management in the Arctic
  26. Vladimir Pacheco Cueva

  27. Impact Benefit Agreements in Greenland
  28. Bent Ole Mortensen

  29. The Interplay Between Environmental Research, and Environmental Regulation of Offshore Oil and Gas Activities in Greenland
  30. Anders Mosbech, David Boertmann, Susse Wegeberg and Kim Gustavson


  31. Conclusion: Towards an Integrated and Participatory Governance of the Arctic Marine Areas

Cécile Pelaudeix

About the Editors

Ellen Margrethe Basse is Professor of environmental law at the Department of Law, Aarhus University. She is a doctor habitation of environmental law and was awarded the jur.dr. (H.C.) at Uppsala University for her research education activities in this area. She is a former professor of procedural law and associate professor of administrative law. She was the Director of the Interdisciplinary Social Science Research Centre (1992-2001), and the Chairman and Secretary of Aarhus University’s Climate Panel (2008-2010). She has been a member of several research bodies, evaluation panels and think tanks in Denmark and other Nordic countries. She is the author of many books and articles on international, EU and national environmental, energy and climate law, public law, and legal theory.

Cécile Pelaudeix isAssociate Professor at the School of Culture and Society of Aarhus University and research associate at PACTE, Sciences Po Grenoble. She has been a member of the Scientific Committee of the "Chantier Arctique", CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), Paris. Her research focuses on Arctic governance, the EU Arctic policy, Greenland politics and China’s foreign policy in the Arctic. She is the work package leader in a research project on the Arctic for the European Defence Agency.

About the Series

Global Governance

Global Governance

Global Governance

Series Editor: John J. Kirton, University of Toronto, Canada

Global governance is growing rapidly to meet the compounding challenges of a globalized 21st-century world. Many issues once dealt with largely at the local, national or regional level are now going global, in the economic, social and political-security domains. In response, new and renewed intergovernmental institutions are arising and adapting, multilevel governance is expanding, and sub-national actors are playing a greater role, and create complex combinations and private-partnerships to this end.

This series focuses on the new dynamics of global governance in the 21st century by:

  • Addressing the changes in the structure, operation and impact of individual intergovernmental institutions, above all their innovative responses to the growing global challenges they confront.
  • Exploring how they affect, are affected by and relate to non-state actors of global relevance and reach.
  • Examining the processes of cooperation, competition and convergence among international institutions and the many global governance gaps where global challenges such as terrorism, transnational crime and energy do not confront powerful international institutions devoted to their control.
  • Dealing with how global institutions govern the links among key issues such as climate change and health.

In all cases, it focuses on the central questions of how global governance institutions and processes generate the effective, legitimate, accountable results required to govern today’s interconnected, complex, uncertain and crisis-ridden world.

Learn more…

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