Global energy problems will remain a challenge in the coming decades. The impact of climate change and the melting of polar sea ice opening up access to offshore hydrocarbon resources in the Arctic Ocean, raises questions for both civil society and the scientific community over drilling opportunities in Arctic marine areas.
Disparities in approach to the governance of oil and gas extraction in the Arctic arise from fundamental differences in histories, cultures, domestic constraints and substantive values and attitudes in the Arctic coastal states and sub-states. Differing political systems, legal traditions and societal beliefs with regard to energy security and economic development, environmental protection, legitimacy of decision making, and the ownership and respect of the rights of indigenous people, all affect how governance systems of oil and gas extraction are designed.
Using a multidisciplinary approach and case studies from the USA, Norway, Russia, Canada, Greenland/Denmark and the EU, this book both examines the current governance of extraction and its effects and considers ways to enhance the efficiency of environmental management and public participation in this system.
"A timely, multi-faceted study of governance challenges – as well as governance possibilities in the Arctic that widens the understanding of what governance means and compares different approaches. Explains the relationship between national jurisdiction and multi-level governance and provides theoretical insights as well as practical proposals." - Arild Moe, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway.
"A profound irony of our times is that climate change, proceeding more rapidly in the Arctic than anywhere else on the planet, is making Arctic oil and gas more accessible and more attractive to developers. But will these hydrocarbons ever be developed, given the high costs of Arctic operations, the decline of world market prices for oil and gas, the rise of alternative sources of energy, and the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions? This timely, authoritative, and accessible collection provides the tools needed to think rigorously about this question." - Oran R. Young, Professor Emeritus, Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California.
Cécile Pelaudeix and Ellen Margrethe Basse
PART I: Globalization and Supra-nationalism in the Arctic
Ellen Margrethe Basse
PART II: National Perspectives on Offshore Regulations
Edward T. Canuel
PART III: State-Based Approach, Sub-States Entities and Indigenous peoples
Øyvind Ravna And Kristoffer Svendsen
PART IV: Regulatory Instruments and Enforcement
Vladimir Pacheco Cueva
Bent Ole Mortensen
Anders Mosbech, David Boertmann, Susse Wegeberg and Kim Gustavson
Series Editor: John J. Kirton, University of Toronto, Canada
Global governance is growing rapidly to meet the compounding challenges of a globalized 21st-century world. Many issues once dealt with largely at the local, national or regional level are now going global, in the economic, social and political-security domains. In response, new and renewed intergovernmental institutions are arising and adapting, multilevel governance is expanding, and sub-national actors are playing a greater role, and create complex combinations and private-partnerships to this end.
This series focuses on the new dynamics of global governance in the 21st century by:
In all cases, it focuses on the central questions of how global governance institutions and processes generate the effective, legitimate, accountable results required to govern today’s interconnected, complex, uncertain and crisis-ridden world.